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low-strength austenitic stainless steels

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and lower cost when compared with austenitic stainless steels. On the other hand, DSSs have some disadvantages, such as difficult thermomechanical processing and low resistance to pitting corrosion [ 2 ]. In order to meet the typical requirements for toughness, strength, and corrosion resistance, phases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... samples during dispatch and at the time of customer complaint Table 2 Comparative mechanical properties of low nickel austenitic stainless steel coil samples during dispatch and at the time of customer complaint Property Yield strength, MPa Ultimate tensile strength, MPa % Elongation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A heavily worked 304 stainless steel wire basket recrystallized and distorted while in service at 650 deg C (1200 deg F). This case study demonstrates that heavily cold worked austenitic stainless steel components can experience large losses in creep strength, and potentially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of this steel in the annealed condition is not notch sensitive. Additionally, data in Ref 5 show that with a stress-concentration factor of 3, “extra hard” type 301 and annealed type 304L stainless steel have about the same fatigue strength. Fig. 8 Fatigue curves for cold-drawn type 304 austenitic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0092142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... 4140 steel slat track from a military aircraft wing. The track bent because one end did not become fully austenitic during heat treatment, producing a low-strength structure of ferrite and tempered martensite. Investigation Hardness measurements were taken at various points along the length...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...-worked condition. It has been established that cold-worked austenitic stainless steels lose their fatigue strength when notched. It has also been established that austenitic stainless steels in the annealed condition are not sensitive to notches. Cold-worked material is very notch sensitive, with notches...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... grain size was considered a major factor in strength reduction. Castings Grain size Prosthetics Surgical implants 316L Fatigue fracture Background A cast stainless steel femoral head replacement prosthesis failed midway down the stem within 13 months of implantation. Applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... that the wire rope should be made of cold drawn austenitic stainless steel wire, grade AISI 316, with a minimum tensile strength of 160 kg/mm 2 . The wire rope examined in this analysis failed after it had performed one-fourth of its expected total service life. Detailed metallurgical tests were carried out...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the austenite to ferrite or martensite ( Ref 25 ). These phases can also be formed in 304 or 304L, and in other low-stability austenitic stainless steels, by cold working (uncharged) specimens at low temperatures. Tests of more stable austenitic grades, such as AISI 310, have produced conflicting results...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is not particularly uncommon in nonbenign environments or with improperly processed materials. For example, IG fatigue failure in austenitic stainless steels usually occurs only in the presence of grain-boundary embrittlement. Intergranular fracture has also been reported as a fracture mechanism in low-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... a postweld heat treatment to remove weld sensitization and minimize residual stresses. storage tank corrosion welding defects stainless steel transgranular cracks fractography impact absorbed energy AISI 304 (austenitic stainless steel) UNS S30400 AISI 308 (austenitic stainless steel) UNS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and industries that have experienced SCC failures include (this list is not exhaustive): Aerospace: Aluminum alloys in structural aircraft components such as landing gear and wing components, stainless steel tubing used as part of the hydraulic or fuel systems, high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of type 304 stainless steel. Discussion Fractography clearly established that failure occurred by fatigue—specifically, a low-cycle, reversed bending fatigue mode. The slight magnetic properties of the austenitic stainless steel indicated that a high degree of cold working had occurred to produce...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of environmentally assisted cracking (for example, transgranular stress-corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels). High-nitrogen austenitic stainless may also be less ductile during rapid crack growth. Fig. 4 Cleavage fracture in a carbon steel component. Scanning electron micrograph. Original...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... specification is ASTM A-27, grade 70-40; other applicable specifications for carbon steel in turbines and pumps are A-216, grade WCB; A-516, grade 60; and A-283, grades A, B, C, and D. When higher strength is needed, cast martensitic stainless steels are specified. Many machines, especially high-head pumps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... at lower temperatures. Furthermore, Fig. 7 shows that at a given heating rate, the temperature required to achieve full austenitization is highest in the annealed steel with a very inhomogeneous carbon distribution and lowest in the low-temperature tempered martensitic steel with the most uniform carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (for example, transgranular stress-corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels). High-nitrogen austenitic stainless may also be less ductile during rapid crack growth. Fig. 4 A cleavage fracture in a carbon steel component is shown. Scanning electron micrograph. 593× Cleavage initiates via...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... paper mill recovery boilers, stainless steel superheater banks are often installed because of their superior fireside corrosion resistance, excellent high-temperature strength, and relatively good weldability with chromium/molybdenum low-alloy steel tubing in the system. This particular tertiary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... corrosion-free in the human body environment. However, these alloys do leave much to be desired from the viewpoint of fatigue resistance. Austenitic stainless steels are well known to exhibit a low proportional limit, a characteristic that leads to the initiation and propagation of fatigue cracks. Other...