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low-cycle fatigue

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... lengths of rolled and welded COR-TEN steel plate butt welded together on site. The pipe sustained local buckling and cracking, then fractured during the first five months of operation. Failure was due to low cycle fatigue and fast fracture caused by differential thermal expansion stresses. Thermal lag...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that failed by low-cycle thermal fatigue. Top: original design. Inset shows the locations of thermocouples used in analyzing thermal gradients and the typical temperatures at each thermocouple location. Bottom: the analysis resulted in an improved design. Dimensions given in inches Investigation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the fifth-stage compressor disk (judged to be the most crack-prone disk in the compressor) to determine the cause of the failures. Failure was attributed to high-strain low-cycle fatigue during service. It was also determined that the cyclic engine usage assumed in the original life calculations had been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... fitting. A bracket which supports the in-line fuel flow transducer also was found broken. Examination of the elbow fracture revealed characteristics of low-cycle fatigue failure. Examination of the support bracket fractures revealed a high-cycle mode of fatigue failure, with the primary fatigue extending...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., caused by the periodic return of condensate along the long connecting line (some 9 m long). Propagation of the cracks was due to thermal cycling, together with periodic pressure cycles, producing growth by low cycle fatigue. This was aided by corrosion within the cracks and by the wedging action caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0048596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... Hardenability Low cycle fatigue 1045 UNS G10450 Heat treating-related failures Fatigue fracture When a farm tractor is to be used on sticky or wet soils, it is common practice to attach dual driving wheels to the rear axles of the tractor by using fittings such as that shown in Fig. 1 . SAE, grade 5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Cracking in gas turbine blades was found to initiate from a mechanism of low-cycle fatigue (LCF). LCF is induced during thermal loading cycles in gas turbines. However, metallography of two cracked blades revealed a change in microstructure at as-cast surfaces for depths up...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0051866
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... occurred when the tubing was idle and fluids accumulated at the bottom of the tubing wraps. The coiled tubing was concluded to have failed prematurely due to low-cycle fatigue initiated at corrosion pitting sites. Corrosive attack on the coiled tubing was recommended to be reduced by completely removing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... indicated that the part failed by low cycle fatigue. The fracture was brittle in nature and had originated at a severely eroded zone of craters in a hard, deep white layer that was the result of remelting during electrodischarge machining. It was recommended that the remaining parts be inspected using...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... indicating low cycle fatigue associated with cyclic temperature changes from normal service. The design of the part and the material selection were significant contributing factors because of stresses induced during molding, physical aging of the amorphous polysulfone resin, and the substantial differential...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Fatigue propagation occurred on about 95% of the total cross section of the shaft, under both low-cycle and high-cycle fatigue mechanisms. It was found that the fillet radius at the fracture’s origin was smaller than the one provisioned by design. As a result, the stresses at this location exceeded...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in practice. Fig. 5 Precipitate structure of René 80 cycled in strain-controlled low-cycle fatigue at 1254 K. Note the “globular” appearance and coarsening of the precipitates and the dislocation networks around the precipitates. The small precipitates have been consumed by growth of the large ones...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... near the ID, evidence of high-cycle fatigue. Based on the failure rate and fatigue life predictions, it was recommended to discontinue the use of drive shafts with the inferior design. drive shaft fatigue fracture stress concentration low carbon steel fatigue cracking fatigue life prediction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fig. 13 (a) Heater tube that failed due to stress rupture. (b) and (c) Stress-rupture voids near the fracture. Source: Ref 18 Abstract Abstract The principal types of elevated-temperature mechanical failure are creep and stress rupture, stress relaxation, low- and high-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...” springs in three conditions were evaluated using XRD: springs manufactured prior to failure incidence increase, 12 min peen; springs manufactured following failure incidence increase, 12 min peen; and 60 min peen. The conclusion was that the failure occurred because low peening time significantly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A fracture mechanics based failure analysis and life prediction of a large centrifugal fan made from low-carbon, medium-strength steel was undertaken following shortcomings in attempts to explain its fatigue life from start stop cycles alone. Measurements of the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... and fork. The nonuniformity of the shot-peened effect on the shank and fillet portions of the spindle resulted from incomplete peeing. The fracture was of the low-stress high-cycle type, initiated by stresses well below the gross yield strength and propagated by thousands of load cycles. No recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was low-cycle rotation-bending fatigue. The bearing sleeve failed as a result of abrasive and adhesive wear. Detailed metallurgical analysis indicated that the sleeve and its respective journal had been subjected to abnormally high temperatures, increasing the amount of friction between the sleeve...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of the progress of fatigue cracks. Failure of the one impeller and the cracking of the others were attributed to “low-cycle high-strain fatigue” due to fluctuating circumferential (hoop) stresses. Centrifgual pumps Impellers Stresses 2.5Ni-Cr-Mo Fatigue fracture One impeller of a two-stage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (0.010 to 0.015 in.) were found also in other forgings, such as exhaust rocker arms, main rotor drag brace clevises, bolts of carriage diagonal struts, and spring legs of main landing gears. The failure mode was low-stress, high-cycle fatigue involving tension and bending loads. The main cause...