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longitudinal section

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...– 1 4 Cr-1Mo plate material. The plate-formed sections were longitudinally seam welded and assembled in courses joined by girth seam welds. The No. 3 Unit at Shawville station was described as being of a mid-1950's vintage designed for a superheater (SH) outlet temperature of 566 C. At the time...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... that their presence resulted from some such occurrence. Subsequent ultrasonic examination of other sections of the steam main indicated suspect areas in a number of lengths of pipe. Sections through typical defective zones, after magnetic crack detection, are shown in Figure 7 longitudinally and Figure 8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... testing could be omitted also because the failure was apparently due to corrosion, irrespective of the material. It was facilitated by not rolling a tight joint. Fig. 3 Structure at the rolled joint. Longitudinal section. Etch: Nital. 100 × Selected Reference • Forms of Corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in junction piece (bottom arrow) located behind arch rib plate, and continued through the A588 section of girder (top arrow). A close-up view ( Fig. 2 ) shows the crack in the junction piece (bottom of photo), which ranged from 1 2 to 1 in. (12.7 to 25.4 mm) in width. The crack then continued...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the cooling holes, which led to relatively high thermal stresses at the holes located at the thicker sections of the airfoil, and stress concentration of 2.5 at the cooling hole and the presence of relatively high total strain (an inelastic strain of 1.2%) at the cooling hole surface. Recommendations include...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... metallographically on transverse sections and on longitudinal sections through the butt welds joining the separate cast segments of the tube. Creep damage was mainly concentrated within the inner one third of the wall thickness. The use of damage assessment parameters in evaluating the reformer tube remaining life...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0045992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... after it broke, which resulted in extensive loss of metal between the holes. 80x micrograph and 4x macrograph of a 5% nital etched longitudinal section, and chemical analyses showed the poppet did fit 1213 or 1215 specs. However, hardness measurements showed surface hardness was excessive-61 to 65 HRC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A steel valve spring meeting Steel-Iron-Test 1570 fractured during the high-stress condition of the operation of its valve. Metallographic examination of a transverse section adjacent to the fracture and a longitudinal section through the crack showed the steel was free of major...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... of the wire rope adjacent to the fracture. Fatigue cracks originating from both sides of the wire were revealed by microscopic examination of a longitudinal section of a wire. The diam of the sheave on the bale (27 cm) was found to be slightly below that specified for the 11 mm diam rope. It was observed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...). After five months one of the coils, which consisted of tubes having a wall thickness of 3.4 mm, developed a leak. Tightly closed cracks were seen on the outer surface of the tube. Further tests with color penetration process revealed multiple branched cracks. Longitudinal section showed that the cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0001667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... roots and the fillet under the bolt head. Multiple, branched cracking was present in a longitudinal section through the failed end of one bolt, typical of hydrogen-assisted SCC in hardened steels. Chlorides were detected within the cracks and on the fracture surface. The failed bolts were replaced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... shattered suddenly with a bang which caused a chip to be dislodged and cause the injury. A large nonmetallic inclusion parallel to the axis near the center of the drill was revealed in an unetched longitudinal section. Carbide bands in a martensitic matrix were indicated in an etched sample...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... of an unetched longitudinal section taken through the die. The pattern was microscopically revealed after etching with 5 % nital to be due to severe chemical segregation or banding. Considerable variation in the hardness, corresponding to the banded and non-banded regions across the face of the specimen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... resulted from the culmination of two principal fatigue cracks which developed on approximately parallel planes from the roots of adjacent threads. A longitudinal section through the screw thread on the piston rod showed it had been carburized but not hardened, and that subsequent surface de-carburization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract An engine cylinder head failed after operating just 3.2 km (2 mi) because of coolant leakage through the exhaust port. Visual examination of the exhaust ports revealed a casting defect on the No. 7 exhaust-port wall. A 0.9x examination of an unpolished, unetched longitudinal section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... during rotary straightening were observed. A crack that had originated at the surface at the inside bend and had propagated toward the outside of the bend was revealed by microscopy of a longitudinal section taken through bend 2. The small bend radius was interpreted to contribute to spring fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract Fractures and a crack occurred in a length of excavator boom rope. Failure took place at regions where local corrosion was evident. Microscopic examination of longitudinal sections disclosed that the majority of the cracks were broad, these being typical of corrosion-fatigue fissures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... noticeable on the wire surface at both sides of the fracture, but they had no effect on the breakage of the wire. Longitudinal sections were made for examination at the fracture and on each side of it at approximately 200 mm distance. Away from the fracture area the wire had a normal structure of hyperfine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... conducted on longitudinal and transverse sections showed predominantly transcrystalline cracks, originated from the pits at the external surfaces of the pipe. Their appearance suggested they were stress corrosion cracks that occur in austenitic steels under the combined effect of stresses and certain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... to below 1 4 in. in thickness. BS.3059 and BS.3602, referring to “Tubes for Pressure Purposes,” in the sections covering tube made from strip by the electric resistance butt-welding process, specify that the steel strip should be rolled in single widths and not slit longitudinally from sheets...