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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract The article commences with an overview of short-term and long-term mechanical properties of polymeric materials. It discusses plasticization, solvation, and swelling in rubber products. The article further describes environmental stress cracking and degradation of polymers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract Three separate corrosion mechanisms were involved in the failure of an AISI type 304 stainless steel pipe elbow. The major cracks, including the one that penetrated the wall, tend to be wide-mouthed, tapering to a blunt tip, with corrosion products filling much of the crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Following the discovery numerous cracks at many of the welded seams of a mild steel CO2 absorber vessel, a sample for examination was removed from the worst affected area where repairs had been effected. A 12 in. long circumferential crack was visible. Specimens were taken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., caused by the periodic return of condensate along the long connecting line (some 9 m long). Propagation of the cracks was due to thermal cycling, together with periodic pressure cycles, producing growth by low cycle fatigue. This was aided by corrosion within the cracks and by the wedging action caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the split in sample 1. The sample was about 460 mm (18 in.) long. The longitudinal split was about 120 mm (4 3 4 in.) long. The split appeared to lie in the ERW zone of the tube. As shown, the pipe deformed little when it burst. The outside and inside pipe surfaces showed no signs of corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... production situations. It is more probable that, as is the present case, the occurrence of metal waves or laking is associated with a low efficiency of the total feeding system, as indicated by the discharge coefficient, and with long cavity fill times. Under these conditions only portions of the gate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
..., exhibiting substantially poorer long and short transverse mechanical properties than the longitudinal properties, which were likely used for design. It is likely that the materials selection process did not properly account for this anisotropy. The selection of a rolled product may also be questionable here...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A plant had manufactured and heat treated their product in house for years. As time went on, the special steel that they had been using became more expensive, and a switch was made to a more common and less highly alloyed material. However, no change in hardness specifications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 749 – 760 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549 • Forms of Corrosion , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 761 – 795 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548 Much of the world's production of steel is used...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... microchemical analysis to find evidence of contamination, to evaluate the composition of microphases revealed by a metallographic specimen or at a grain boundary exposed by a fracture surface, or to evaluate corrosion products. Important information on specimen handling is provided at the end of this article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Portions of the superheater were retubed five years previously with Grade 722 material. The failures indicated that tubes were exposed to long-term overheating conditions. While the carbon steel tube did not experience temperatures above the lower transformation temperature 727 deg C (1340 deg F...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of the pit is at the bottom of the pipe in the center of a long straight horizontal pipe run. The pipe was butt welded by electric arc processes at some joints and butt welded to flanged fittings at other joints. Some air may have been trapped in the top of this and other pipe runs. Fig. 1 Photograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... priorities within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex is the stabilization, packaging, and storage of plutonium-bearing materials. The packaging is key to the safe long-term handling and storage of these materials. Packaging consists of placing the stabilized plutonium-bearing materials into a set...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract An AISI D2 tool steel insert from a forming die used in the manufacture of automotive components failed prematurely during production. Results of various analyses and simulation tests indicated fatigue failure resulting from improper heat treatment. The fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was installed to compensate for variations in wall thickness (i.e., weight distribution) of the pipe product used to make the roll. According to the investigation, resonance and vibration, which were initially considered, did not cause the failure. felt guide roll seamless pipe fracture stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... lawsuits, will go a long way toward convincing a jury that prudent and reasonable care has been taken to produce a safe product. A 1.905 cm (0.75 in.) stud broke in the vertical wall of a metalworking machine known as an upsetter . A parallel vertical wall left a limited amount of space in which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or system successfully serves its function. These characteristics define products in the customer’s eyes. Arguably the most important characteristics, from a consumer’s perspective, are how well a product or system functions and how long it serves a useful life. Problem Solving, Quality, and Customer...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... perspective, are how well a product or system functions and how long it serves a useful life. Problem Solving, Quality, and Customer Satisfaction Achieving the levels of quality that meet and exceed customer expectations is paramount to customer satisfaction in a customer-focused management system...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0048819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 823 – 860 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553 In the groove formed by the junction of the lower tray-support weld and the top part of the weld around the nozzle was a crack about 55 mm (2 1 4 in.) long...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... (intercrystalline) depending on the alloy and the corrosive medium. Usually no corrosion products can be detected macroscopically and hence SCC damage is often first seen when the stressed section, reduced in area by the numerous cracks, is no longer capable of supporting the applied stresses and fractures...