1-20 of 38 Search Results for

liquid-solid contraction

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 641 – 649 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540 • Warke W.R. , Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 861 – 867 10.31399...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of scale break loose and are carried into the turbine by the steam. The scale is normally a fine powder by the time it reaches the turbine where it impinges on the turbine blades causing erosion [ 14 , 15 ]. The pits created by solid particles have more irregular edges than those created by liquid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... was based on results from both visual and liquid penetrant inspections of the outer surface of the header. The inner surface, where accessible, was also checked visually and by liquid penetrant inspection. The six other headers were inspected at selected locations, and no surface cracks were detected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... type of debris present on the parts will tend to congregate at a crack site. Upon examination of liquid metal embrittled samples, one should see a complete coating of the liquid metal. In fact, the liquid metal is in such close contact with the solid that it is generally difficult to remove. Therefore...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ). Power-generation plants use processes that occur without any particles present and involve only the transport of solutions or steam. In these cases, liquid forces on the solid surface, which are due to turbulence or droplet impacts, mechanically remove protective layers of corrosion products, thus...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surface. These methods are discussed in more detail in the Section “Tools and Techniques in Failure Analysis” in this Volume. Nondestructive Testing Certain nondestructive tests must be used with caution to avoid altering evidence or creating confusing evidence. For example, liquid penetrant tests...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Incineration Environment,” Paper 248, Corrosion/91, National Association of Corrosion Engineers International , 1991 39. Krause H.H. , J. Mater. Energy Syst. , Vol 7 , 1986 , p 322 40. Krause H.H. , Hot Corrosion in Boilers Burning Municipal Solid Waste , Corrosion , Vol 13...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... markings showing direction of liquid metal flow (light alloys) Flow marks D 120: Surface roughness D 121 Depth of surface roughness is approximately that of the dimensions of the sand grains Rough casting surface D 122 Depth of surface roughness is greater than that of the sand...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... void formation, which is caused by contraction shrinkage when the liquid film cools. Although burning usually occurs during rolling or forging, it may not be observed until after heat treatment. Fig. 32 Severely overheated 1038 steel showing initial stage of burning. Ferrite (white) outlines...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... segregation originates in alloys during the solidification stage. Such deviations from the nominal composition are due to convection currents in the liquid, gravity effects, and redistribution of the solute during the formation of dendrites. Solute rejection at the solid-liquid interface during dendrite...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and with illustrative examples. Fatigue fracture in threaded fasteners and fretting in bolted machine parts are also discussed. The article provides a description of the different types of corrosion, such as atmospheric corrosion and liquid-immersion corrosion, in threaded fasteners. It also provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... between hcp and bcc materials can vary depending on temperature and available slip systems. Rhombohedral Less symmetrical through triclinic Influence of degree of order (most to least ductile) Random solid solution Ordered or intermetallic compound Ionic compound Covalent...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Corrosion of this type is often associated with water that contains dissolved solids in comparatively small concentrations, the amounts present being insufficient or unsuitable to cause formation of protective films or deposits but sufficient to raise the electrical conductivity of the water so...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modulus, tan delta Temperature-dependent behavior, aging/degradation, solid-liquid interactions Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) Weight-average molecular weight, molecular weight distribution Degradation, suitability of material for use Melt flow rate (MFR) Melt viscosity Degradation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... piping Inadequate foundation Unsatisfactory soil data Liquid ingestion Inadequate liquid drain Design error Material of construction Flaw or defect Improper material Improper treatment Design Improper specification Wrong selection Design error Inadequate or wrong lubrication Inadequate liquid drain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxide on the crack lips. Analysis of the fracture and crack lips using energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) identified cadmium on both surfaces. At the elevated service temperatures, cadmium diffuses into carbon steel and embrittles grain boundaries through a mechanism of liquid or solid metal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... they determine whether the material is stressed above or below any ductile-to-brittle transition temperature below which relatively low energy fractures can occur. Other degradation mechanisms, such as corrosion and scaling; stress corrosion; erosion from flowing gases, liquids, and solids; hydrogen damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 4 -Na 2 SO 4 or NiSO 4 -Na 2 SO 4 liquids via reaction of CoO or NiO with SO 2 . Courtesy of Z. Tang and B. Gleeson, University of Pittsburgh Fig. 23 Effect of molten salt on hot corrosion at 700 °C (1290 °F) in air. With the lower melting temperatures of salt mixtures, the corrosion...