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liquid-metal corrosion

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to a depth of about 0.013 mm (0.0005 in.). This general attack had the appearance of liquid-metal corrosion. When bent in the laboratory, the spring wires fractured in a brittle manner along a plane 45° to the wire axis, which is characteristic of brittle fracture from torsional loading. High-nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to be a prerequisite for this type of LMIE in all observed cases. Type 4: High-temperature corrosion of a solid metal by a liquid metal causes embrittlement, which is an entirely different problem from types 1 to 3. For the purposes of this Volume, this article summarizes some of the characteristics...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and liquid-metal embrittlement of bolts and nuts. The article explains the most commonly used protective metal coatings for ferrous metal fasteners. Zinc, cadmium, and aluminum are commonly used for such coatings. The article also illustrates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... attached over most of its circumference. The basket also contained a 22-gauge Monel metal liner that had been perforated by stabbing, raising pronounced burrs that faced each hole. Apart from the local spots of corrosion due to the lining, the inner surface of the basket showed little evidence of general...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... in the alloy used in the valve. Manganese sulfide stringers in the valve were exposed at end-grain surfaces in contact with the beverage. The stringers, which were anodic to the surrounding metal, were subject to corrosion, producing a hydrogen sulfide concentration in the immediately adjacent liquid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... a factory worker. Based on these findings, one of the recommendations was to use thicker pads between the sinks to allow any such liquids to dry before causing corrosion damage. Chemical analysis Chlorides Discoloration Kitchen sinks 304 UNS S30400 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... attack had the appearance of liquid-metal corrosion. When bent in the laboratory, the spring wires fractured in a brittle manner along a plane 45° to the wire axis, which is characteristic of brittle fracture from torsional loading. High-nickel alloys are susceptible to embrittlement by some low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and prevention of several types of failure in which corrosion is a contributing factor. These articles include “Stress-Corrosion Cracking,” “Liquid-Metal and Solid-Metal Induced Embrittlement,” “Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement,” “Corrosive Wear Failures,” “Biological Corrosion Failures,” and “High...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in this Volume discuss analysis and prevention of several types of failures in which corrosion is a contributing factor. These articles include “ Stress-Corrosion Cracking ,” “ Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement ,” “ Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement ,” “ Corrosive Wear Failures ,” “ Biological...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... particles in a liquid impinge on a metal surface, causing the removal of protective surface films, such as air-formed protective oxide films or adherent corrosion products, and exposing new reactive surfaces that are anodic to uneroded neighboring areas on the surface. This results in rapid localized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... product demonstrates that mild steel tubes would have failed by corrosion if cavitation erosion had not occurred. Cavitation erosion deteriorated the tubes within the vaporizer. It was the boiling action, not the corrosive properties of SO 2 liquid, which caused the excessive metal loss. This could...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., made of 1 mm (0.04 in.) thick rolled strip and brazed onto the leading edge, resisted erosion quite effectively, but the unprotected base metal did not. Fig. 9 Two portions of a modified type 403 stainless steel steam turbine blade damaged by liquid impingement erosion. The portion at left...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the corrosion products formed are liquids and gases, as well as solids; this can lead to either weight gains or losses, causing practical experimental difficulties of interpretation. The textures of ceramics are not as homogeneous as those of metals, and so it is very difficult to determine the controlling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 , 689 – 736 2. Stoloff N.S. , Liquid Metal Embrittlement in Surfaces and Interfaces , Part II, Syracuse University Press , 1968 , p 157 – 182 3. Kamdar M.H. , Liquid Metal Embrittlement , Corrosion , Vol 13 , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... = 50 μm; temperature = 25 °C; liquid: ion-exchanged water). Source: Ref 37 Surface Coatings and Treatments Surface coatings and treatments include metallic coatings and laser surface modification. Metallic Coatings Interactions of cavitation and corrosion lead to much more material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) Introduction Failures of components by liquidmetal embrittlement (LME) and solid–metal-induced embrittlement (SMIE) are less common than failures by other environmentally assisted cracking phenomena such as hydrogen embrittlement (HE), stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), and corrosion-fatigue (CF...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: magnetic-particle inspection of ferrous metals, liquid-penetrant inspection, ultrasonic inspection, and sometimes eddy-current inspection. All these tests are used to detect surface cracks and discontinuities. Radiography is used mainly for internal examination. A photographic record of the results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that sometimes collect just above the liquid level on a metal part that is partly immersed in an electrolyte. The deposits usually remain moist or are intermittently moist and dry. Where the liquid level fluctuates or where the liquid is agitated, the area of the metal that is intermittently wetted is called...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to pronounced local damage. Although in many instances this action results in the ultimate production of cavities, the word “cavitation” describes the events which occur within the liquid and not the effect on the metal, i.e., the liquid cavitates with the production of cavitation damage. Cavitation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., (2) hydrogen embrittlement, (3) hydroxide stress-corrosion cracking, and (4) nitrate stress-corrosion cracking. Liquid Metal Embrittlement It is possible that the metal could have embrittled during the hot dip galvanizing process, thereby facilitating crack initiation and growth during...