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liquid feed metal duration

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as much as possible from each failure. In any metallurgical evaluation, the general aim is to understand the root cause of the failure in terms of both the material and the boiler operation. To that end, estimates can sometimes be made of metal temperatures and implied boiler conditions at the time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... steel, causing intergranular cracks via liquid metal embrittlement. The piping was distorted and leaked at some of the welds. The locations and depths of the cracks were related to the welding parameters, including heat input. Excessive welding heat had caused dimpling (distortion) of the stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... additive manufacturing processes by powder-bed fusion, wire-feed electron beam, and directed-energy (laser) deposition processes. Source: Ref 5 Metallic feedstock for fusion-based AM is typically of weldable, powder metallurgy, and castable alloys that include aluminum alloys, cobalt-chromium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of several types of failure in which corrosion is a contributing factor. These articles include “Stress-Corrosion Cracking,” “Liquid-Metal and Solid-Metal Induced Embrittlement,” “Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement,” “Corrosive Wear Failures,” “Biological Corrosion Failures,” and “High-Temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and prevention of several types of failures in which corrosion is a contributing factor. These articles include “ Stress-Corrosion Cracking ,” “ Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement ,” “ Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement ,” “ Corrosive Wear Failures ,” “ Biological Corrosion Failures ,” and “ High...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Fig. 1 Various sliding bearings. (a) Slide way. (b) Thrust bearing. (c) Cylindrical sliding bearing. (d) Spherical sliding bearing The various configurations of sliding bearings are shown in Fig. 2 . This figure indicates that conformal surfaces, lubricant (solid/liquid/gaseous) layer...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and liquid-metal embrittlement of bolts and nuts. The article explains the most commonly used protective metal coatings for ferrous metal fasteners. Zinc, cadmium, and aluminum are commonly used for such coatings. The article also illustrates the performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the design temperature for duration as long as a few weeks, months, or years prior to fracture. Contrary to this, the short-term overheating failures occur when the tube metal temperature goes considerably above the maximum safe working temperature for a relatively short time. Thick-Lip Ruptures Thick...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to develop an understanding of heat treatment processes and the associated possible problems. Almost all failures are influenced to some degree by the properties of the metal, and the extrinsic metal properties are a function of the structure created by processing. Heat treatment is one of the most important...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the SCC, which occurs due to welding, metalworking process, and stress concentration, including options for investigation and corrective measures. It describes the sources of stresses in service and the effect of composition and metal structure on the susceptibility of SCC. The article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... sustained preload fasteners Alloy steel Cadmium/nickel Good (h) Excellent Excellent Excellent (a) Blind rivets with controlled shank expansion. (b) Metallic structure on backside. (c) Performance in honeycomb should be substantiated by installation testing. (d) Blind bolts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... A SHAFT IS A METAL BAR—usually cylindrical in shape and solid but sometimes hollow—that is used to support rotating components or to transmit power or motion by rotary or axial movement. Even fasteners, such as bolts or studs, can be considered to be stationary shafts, usually with tensile forces...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is its ability or capability to serve the need for which it was intended. Service life is the duration over which the product or system successfully serves its function. These characteristics define products in the customer's eyes. Arguably the most important characteristics, from a consumer's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., complex alkali-iron trisulfates form on the external surfaces of tubes (reheater and superheater tubes) in the temperature range of 540 to 700 °C (1000 to 1290 °F). Reid ( Ref 67 ) proposed that liquid trisulfates solubilize the protective iron oxide scale and expose the base metal to oxygen, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 18 , 29 ): Metal-removal processes Cracks due to abusive machining Chatter or checking due to improper speeds and feeds Microstructural damage due to dull tooling Grinding burn Electrical discharge machining recast or white layer, cracks, redeposited particles, and so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ). For oxidizing metals, one of the immediate consequences of the process in normal atmospheric conditions is the production of oxide wear debris; thus, the inaccurate term fretting corrosion was previously considered, although the actual term fretting wear is more consistently used now. The movement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are strongly affected by factors such as: The environmental temperature, T The hygrometric degree of the environment, φ The medium in which the bearing operates (liquid, gases, light, etc.) Because the mechanical behavior of these materials is usually highly viscoelastic and subjected...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... bearing) or nonconforming (e.g., contact between the inner race and roller in a rolling-element roller bearing). The alternating stress field responsible for RCF failure can generally be idealized from Hertzian contact conditions in conventional metallic and ceramic materials (e.g., bearing steel and Si 3...