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laboratory design

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... parts. The results of the laboratory studies indicate that unusual care is necessary in the processing and fabrication of ultra-high-strength steel and in the design and maintenance of the structures in which it is used. Aircraft components Forgings Landing gear Ultrahigh strength steels 4340...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Throttling of valve by the operator outside of the design parameters Flow gages and records Operator logs Low-strength copper nickel alloy construction Material specifications Laboratory analysis Flow-induced cavitation Rumbling noise in system Vibration of system Failure mechanism Erosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The analysis indicated that some alternative stiffening was required, but this could be achieved with nonwelded tubes placed across the channel between the torque rod mounting holes. Full-scale laboratory fatigue tests were successfully completed on the redesigned cross member, and the design was subsequently...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract The thin plates within a type 309 stainless steel chlorinated solvent combustion preheater/heat exchanger designed to process fumes from a solvent coating process showed severe corrosion within 6 months of service. Within a year corrosion had produced holes in the plates, allowing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Sudden and unexplained bearing cap bolt fractures were experienced with reduced-shank design bolts fabricated from 42 CrMo 4 steel, quenched and tempered to a nominal hardness of 38 to 40 HRC. Fractographic analysis provided evidence favoring stress-corrosion cracking as the operating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract As the result of a leak detected in a plate-formed header at PENELEC'S Shawville Unit No. 3, an extensive failure investigation was initiated to determine the origin of cracking visible along the longitudinal weld seam. Fabricated from SA387-D material and designed for a superheater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... contained pockmarks on the base plate surfaces, some of which were through-wall, but no damage was observed on the vanes. Table 1 summarizes the features or markings that were observed on each impeller, the approximate location of through-wall pockmarks, and the laboratory designation assigned to each...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... a metal slide on an older design, whereas newer components showed no signs of failure. The latch assembly components were injection molded from an unfilled commercial grade of a polyacetal copolymer. Investigation of failed parts (including visual inspection, a specially designed proof load test, 59x SEM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... as straight lines. This paper will discuss how a typical laboratory life test was designed and how statistical techniques were applied to analyze the data. We will illustrate how this approach was used as an aid in problem solving during the laboratory testing phase of an experimental door lock assembly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Metal-framed polycarbonate (PC) ophthalmic lenses shattered from acetone solvent-induced cracking. The lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracks with solvent swelling and crazing. A laboratory accident splashed acetone onto the lenses. The metal frames gripped approximately two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0045992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of nonmetallic inclusions in a rephosphorized, resulfurized steel. (a) Original design of the poppet showing origin of fracture and subsequent complete fracture between two opposing holes in the narrowest section of the poppet. (b) Micrograph of an unetched longitudinal section taken through the failed poppet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0089722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... as the result of vibration and inadequate support of the hose assembly. Recommendations included changing the joint design from a cylindrical lap joint to a square-groove butt joint. Also, an additional support was recommended for the hose assembly to minimize vibration at the elbow. Aircraft components...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... Abstract On 15 March 2000, a National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) train traveling from Chicago to Los Angeles derailed in Carbondale, KS. After the initial on-scene investigation, 12 pieces of rail were sent to the materials laboratory for examination. Ten of them were from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and the metallurgical condition of the submitted shaft for comparison with the design requirements. Laboratory testing was done as far as possible from the fractures, in an area that was free of other assembly elements, such as gears, bearings, etc. The chemical analysis was carried out using optical emission...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract In the EMD-2 Joint Directed Attack Munition (JDAM), the A357 aluminum alloy housing had been redesigned and cast via permanent mold casting, but did not meet the design strength requirements of the previous design. Mechanical tests on thick and thin sections of the forward housing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... examined. Both samples were subjected to accelerated wear tests in a laboratory type pin-on-disk apparatus. During the tests, the bearing materials acted as pins, which were pressed against a rotating cast iron disk. The wear behaviors of both bearing materials were studied using weight loss measurement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Two tubular AISI 1025 steel posts (improved design) in a carrier vehicle failed by cracking at the radius of the flange after five weeks of service. The posts were two of four that supported the chassis of the vehicle high above the wheels. The original design involved a flat flange...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... to the outside of the head completed the groove for the circumferential attachment weld. Investigation (visual inspection and actual size views etched in hot 50% hydrochloric acid) supported the conclusion that cracking occurred in the HAZ in the head of the original design, originating in the sharp corner...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
.... It was found that the natural frequency of the wheel truing device was the culprit. A tuned damped absorber was designed and built to modify the resonance. This eliminated the problem. Grinding machines Printing press rolls Shafts (power) Vibration analysis Structural steel Fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... that the crack in the header tube was the result of a stress concentration at the toe of the weld joining a doubler collar to the tube. The stress concentration was caused by undercutting from poor welding technique and an unfavorable joint design that did not permit a good fit-up. Recommendations included...