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iron-base heat-resistant casting

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Type 410 stainless steel bolts were used to hold together galvanized gray cast iron splice case halves. Before installation, the bolts were treated with molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) antiseize compound. Several failures of splice case bolts were discovered in flooded manholes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ( 1 8 in.) or less in diameter. A continuous graphite film is often found in these holes, although an iron oxide layer may be present if the castings are heat treated. Nonmetallic inclusions are not present in the voids, but some have been found to contain a small bead of metal. Pinholes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as magnesium or zinc, may be introduced into the galvanic assembly. The most active member will corrode while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... preferentially while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... treatment for ferritizing malleable iron. This resulted in lower resistance to erosion and corrosion than pearlitic malleable iron. Recommendations included replacing the elbows with heat-treated fittings with a pearlitic malleable microstructure. Impingement erosion Pearlite Pipe bends ASTM A47...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... removed from a cast component may not necessarily bear relation to grade/condition determination based on separately poured test bars, results suggested the G3000 grade designation for automotive gray cast iron. The typical fracture morphology within the matrix was transgranular cleavage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... removed from a cast component may not necessarily bear relation to grade/condition determination that is based on separately poured test bars, results were suggestive of the G3000 grade designation for automotive gray cast iron. The typical fracture morphology within the matrix was transgranular cleavage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... 0.34 1.0 (max) Arsenic <0.005 NR (a) Antimony 0.090 0.25 (max) Iron <0.05 0.30 (max) Phophorus 0.22 0.05 (max) (a) NR, no requirement Deposits in the pockmarks on the base plate surface of impeller 1 were analyzed in situ using energy-dispersive X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... thiocyanate/acetone Blue color Identify cobalt-base alloys Copper Dithizone Purple color Sort copper-bearing stainless steels Iron Potassium ferricyanide Blue precipitate Sort low-iron high-temperature alloys Lead Sulfuric acid White precipitate Sort leaded bronze Molybdenum Potassium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... the new one failed catastrophically within a few days, generating a huge amount of metallic wear debris and causing pitting on the surface of the cast iron roller. Following the failure, samples were collected from both good and failed bearings. The samples were analyzed chemically...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... powder. The atmosphere was dissociated ammonia, which was used to reduce iron oxides. The exact temperature of the roll metal was unknown, although it was designed to operate at temperatures up to 1950 °F (1066 °C). Heating was supplied to the furnace by radiant tube assemblies which burned waste process...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... mapping revealed that the surface scale was composed mainly of chromium oxide with islands of iron/nickel sulfide and chromium sulfide. At the interface between the scale and the base metal chromium sulfide predominated ( Fig. 3 ). The intergranular scale consisted mainly of chromium sulfide with some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ) shows the melted region, heat-affected zone, and base microstructure. Fig. 31 AISI D2 powder metallurgy die component that melted and deformed because of flame impingement during heat treatment. (a) End view. 4.5×. (b) Microstructure in the affected region. Etched with Marble's reagent. 150...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... increase may be effected by general heating or by localized friction effects. Babbitts are of two types: tin-base with 4 to 8% Cu and 4 to 8% Sb (SAE 11 and 12; ASTM B23, grades 1, 2, 3, and 11) and lead-base with a maximum of 10.7% Sn and 9.5 to 17.5% Sb (SAE 13–16; ASTM B23, grades 7, 8, 13, and 15...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 300–390 0.48–0.54 T M Titanium alloys 315 600 0.3 T M Low-alloy steels 370 700 0.36 T M Austenitic, iron-base heat-resisting alloys 540 1000 0.49 T M Nickel- and cobalt-base heat-resisting alloys 650 1200 0.56 T M Refractory metals and alloys 980–1540 1800...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... D.P. , Tressler R.E. , and Spear K.E. , Corrosion of Silicon Carbide Materials in Metallurgical Heat-Treatment Environments , Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. , Vol 71 , 1992 , p 1683 77. Wuchina E.J. and Opeka M.M. , Oxidation of Hf-Base Ceramics , High Temperature Corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... lists compositions of crown deposit material and Piston No. 1. Note that amounts of the elements with higher melting points (iron, nickel, zinc, and copper) are greater in the deposit than in the base material. Fig. 3 Temperatures developed in racing were high enough to melt out low-melting-point...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... alloys are used for the relatively cool components, such as those in the fan and low-pressure compressor sections. Nickel-base, iron-nickel, and iron-base heat-resisting alloys are used for “warm” parts, such as shafts, turbine disks, high-pressure compressor disks, and cases. Nickel-base and cobalt-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 24. Materials of Construction for Shipboard Waste Incinerators , National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences , 1977 , p 91 – 92 25. Hatfield W.H. , Heat Resisting Steels , J. Iron Steel Inst. , Vol 115 , 1927 , p 483 26. Wright I.G. , High Temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be designed with sloping bottoms to avoid pitting of the base of the valve. (e) Nonsloping tubing can leave pools of liquid at shutdown. (f) Nonvertical assembly of the heat exchanger permits a dead space that may result in overheating if very hot gases are involved. (g) Nonaligned assembly distorts...