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iron powder

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Elliptical analysis on stress-free iron powder with a 30 mm (1.2 in.) focal radius goniometer More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 4 Elliptical analysis on stress-free iron powder with a 30 mm (1.2 in.) focal radius goniometer More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was also present on the bottom or the cell. SEM/EDX studies of the outer and inner surfaces of the gouged anode showed the presence of iron globules at the interface between the gouged and the unattacked anode. The chemical composition of the black powder was determined to be primarily iron. Cell...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A failure analysis was conducted in late 1996 on two rolls that had been used in the production of iron and steel powder. The rolls had elongated over their length such that the roll trunnions had impacted with the furnace wall refractory. The result was distortion and bowing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... corrosion resistance. Etching of the core structure showed a selective form of cast iron corrosion (spongiosis or graphitic corrosion) which lowered the strength of the cast iron enough that a knife could scrape off a black powder (10.85% C, 1.8% S, 1.45% P). Analysis showed that some of the “sulfate” found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... In order to prevent a repetition, the use of hypoeutectic or eutectic iron, slower cooling of the casting, inoculation of the melt with finely powdered ferrosilicon, and possibly rounding-off the edges or machining of the surfaces are recommended. Galling Materials selection Pumps Gray iron...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract Cast iron bearing caps in tractor engines fractured repeatedly after only short operating periods. The fracture originated in a cast-in groove and ran approximately radially to the shaft axis. The smallest cross section was at the point of fracture. The core structure of the caps...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0091853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract A 230 mm (9 in.) diameter disk attrition mill was scheduled to grind 6.35 mm (0.25 in.) diameter quartz particles to a 0.075 mm (0.003 in.) diameter powder. Due to severe wear on the grinding plates, however, the unit was unable to complete the task of grinding the rock. The mill...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... on the damaged side. Particles of sand, paint, or plastic, fibers from the cartridge, brass, and steel were viewed in the brown residue on the filter cartridge under a low power microscope and later confirmed by chemical analysis. Large amount of iron was identified by application of a magnet. It was concluded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A 13/16-in. hex socket failed while in use. Analysis (hardness testing, optical and scanning electron microscopy, and EDS) revealed that the socket was made of low carbon steel formed in a powder metallurgy process. A number of flaws were found including nonuniform wall thickness, poor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and straightened for use. Fractography established that fracture occurred by stress-corrosion cracking. The cracks originated at rusted areas on the cladding that occurred under iron particles left on the surface during manufacture. High hardness values indicated that solution annealing following cold working had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...) and powder x-ray diffraction (XRD). Fig. 4 presents EDS results for the bulk internal deposits from Sample 1. The EDS and XRD analysis results were similar for all four tube samples. XRD identified the iron oxide magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ), metallic copper (Cu), the iron oxides hematite (Fe 2 O 3 ) and wüstite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract During the operation of tractors with cantilevered body, the lateral wall of the hypoeutectic cast iron cylinder blocks cracked repeatedly. Three of the blocks were examined. The grain structure of the thick-walled part consisted of uniformly distributed graphite of medium flake size...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... showed the presence of copper as well as iron, manganese and silicon. The second specimen was used to determine the thickness of the scale. It was found to be approximately 1 micrometre. Fig. 6 A scanning electron microscope picture of the “rock candy” fracture surface. One...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... for this simple type of assembly. How Failure Could Have Been Prevented Zinc white paste usually has a 90% powdered oxide base with a 10% oil vehicle. Such a paste was apparently used to lubricate the iron ball-float rod so that it would screw into the ball more easily. Hydrocarbon oils...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... considerations, and quality assurance. The emphasis is on the design and metallurgical aspects for the two main types of metal AM processes: powder-bed fusion (PBF) and directed-energy deposition (DED). The article also describes the processes involved in binder jet sintering, provides information on the design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... <0.05 NR Iron <0.05 0.06 max Lead <0.05 0.07 max Zinc bal bal (a) NR, no requirement A sample of the internal tube deposits that had been collected prior to hydrotesting was analyzed using energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Crystalline compounds in the deposit were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... The iron mold had been preheated to 125°C and its inner surface was dusted with aluminum powder. The block was 1780 mm long and had a diameter of 1020 mm at the top and 920 mm at the bottom. It was stripped after 10 3 4 hr, transferred into the forging furnace at 1080°C and then kept at 1200...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and analyzed by energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Compounds in the deposits were identified using powder x-ray diffraction (XRD). The EDS results of the inner diameter deposit analysis are shown in Fig. 8 . The XRD results showed that the deposits consisted primarily of iron oxide/magnetite (Fe 3 O...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... metal is displaced by the rotation, and lubrication Bronze backing is heated to its melting point, 900–915 °C and penetrates the axle resulting in failure. Lackawana and Western Railroad conducted two studies in 1953 with an actual rail car axle 5 . A non-copper containing cast iron bearing...