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ion-coupled plasma-emission spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... particulate air filters. The failure analysis investigation concluded that nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking was the cause of the failure. vent pipe nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking welding defects galvanized low-carbon steel MnS inclusions ion-coupled plasma-emission spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The discussion covers the operating principles, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of optical emission spectroscopy (OES), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), X-ray spectroscopy, and ion chromatography (IC). In addition, information on combustion analysis and inert gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of analysis can easily be changed. This technique can be useful in cases where an ion bombardment is known to modify the chemical makeup of the material being probed and the layers are very thin. It has been greatly used for studying such things as the depth of modification of plasma- and corona-treated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the chemical characterization of surfaces by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). It describes the basic theory behind each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... maintenance, including assurance that adequate calibrations have been upheld. Methods such as x-ray fluorescence (XRF), arc or spark optical emission spectroscopy (OES), and inductively coupled plasma OES (ICP-OES) can be considered quantitative methods. To obtain optimal quantitative results, the sample...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... causes an argon plasma to form, producing argon ions. These positive ions bombard the negative target, knocking off atoms of gold (or another target material) that travel by line-of-sight to the sample beneath and adhere to the surface. The thickness of the film depends on the time of deposition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to identify the material and to compare it with the specification requirements on the drawing. Otherwise, the alloy is identified using available standards. For metallic components, destructive analysis is performed using inductively coupled plasma/atomic or optical emission spectroscopy, an analytical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... reactions where the rate-determining step is the diffusion of ions, either inward toward or outward from the substrate, with a chemical potential gradient as the driving force. High-temperature corrosion resistance of most chromia (Cr 2 O 3 ) and alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) scale-forming alloys follows parabolic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... practices should also be considered. Simple matters such as specifying and verifying the proper material and material condition are critical. One company has used portable optical emission spectroscopy equipment for chemical analysis to examine several bulk items supposedly made of alloy steels and found 1...