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ion nitriding

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
.... , Ferreira J.M. , and Ramalho A.L. : “Fatigue and Fretting Fatigue of Ion-Nitrided 34CrNiMo6 Steel,” Theor. Appl. Fract. Mech. , 2001 , 35 , pp. 69 – 79 . 10.1016/S0167-8442(00)00050-1 10. Li C.X. , Sun Y. , and Bell T. : “Factors Influencing Fretting Fatigue Properties...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001620
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... , and Ramalho A.L. : “Fatigue and Fretting Fatigue of Ion-Nitrided 34CrNiMo6 Steel,” Theor. Appl. Fract. Mech. , 2001 , 35 , pp. 69 – 79 . 10.1016/S0167-8442(00)00050-1 6. Li C.X. , Sun Y. , and Bell T. : “Factors Influencing Fretting Fatigue Properties of Plasma-Nitrided Low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... J.M. , and Ramalho A.L. : “Fatigue and Fretting Fatigue of Ion-Nitrided 34CrNiMo6 Steel,” Theor. Appl. Fract. Mech. , 2001 , 35 , pp. 69 – 79 . 10.1016/S0167-8442(00)00050-1 6. Li C.X. , Sun Y. , and Bell T. : “Factors Influencing Fretting Fatigue Properties...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) Electroless nickel plated and mounted Epomet in epoxy resin (resin not in the field of view). All four specimens were prepared in the same holder and were etched with nital. The arrows point to the nitrided surface layer. Fig. 12 Light micrograph of an ion-nitrided H13 tool steel specimen mounted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to determine where the nickel plating ends and the surface begins, as shown in Fig. 3 (d). Figure 4 shows an example of ion-nitrided hot work die steel with a brittle white-etching iron nitride surface layer that is quite visible when mounted in a mineral-filled epoxy resin, but would probably be very hard...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of (a) IG fracture in ion-nitrided layer of ductile iron (ASTM 80-55-06), (b) transgranular fracture by cleavage in ductile iron (ASTM 80-55-06), and (c) ductile fracture with equiaxed dimples from microvoid coalescence around graphite nodules in a ductile iron (ASTM 65-40-10). Picture widths...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fig. 1 Scanning electron microscopy images of (a) intergranular fracture in ion-nitrided layer of ductile iron (ASTM 80-55-06), (b) transgranular fracture by cleavage in ductile iron (ASTM 80-55-06), and (c) ductile fracture with equiaxed dimples from microvoid coalescence around graphite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... pitting produced when an austenitic stainless steel ball is fretted against an austenitic stainless steel flat in 0.1 N H 2 SO 4 Fig. 28 Effect of ion implantation on the coefficient of friction in fretting of IMI 550 titanium alloy at 500 °C (930 °F) Fig. 29 Cracking of “glaze” oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... With case-hardened gears, the alloy depends on the process, whether they are going to be flame or induction hardened, carburized, carbonitrided, nitrided, or ion nitrided. For carburized gears, the lower-stress applications use plain carbon steels, such as SAE 1018 or SAE 1020, while more challenging...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... microanalysis, Auger electron spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction. The article discusses the analysis and interpretation of base material composition and microstructures. Preparation and examination of metallographic specimens in failure analysis are also discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Cristobalite, silica SiO 2 1723 3133 Carborundum, silicon carbide SiC 2700 (a) 4892 (a) Silicon nitride Si 3 N 4 1800 (b) 3270 (b) Boron nitride BN 3000 (a) 5430 (a) (a) Sublimes. (b) Dissociates Fig. 1 Metal dusting attack on the inner wall of a stainless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... as an ultra-low sulfur (ULS) steel. Fourteen (14) of the 15 (15) failed crankshafts were made from steels with ultra-low sulfur contents. Both failed R1 (LS) and LF14 (ULS) crankshafts had core hardness values beneath the nitrided case within the manufacturer’s specified core hardness range of Brinell 311...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) spectroscopy Chemical shift of nuclei Mass spectroscopy Mass/charge of ions produced X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) Crystalline polymer component Small-angle x-ray diffraction X-ray scattering at low angle Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Surface and particle morphology Transmission...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Engineering Ceramics , Part I, HMSO , London , 1985 13. Fox D.S. and Smialek J.L. , “Burner Rig Hot Corrosion of Silicon Carbide and Silicon Nitride,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. , Vol 73 , 1990 p 303 – 311 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1990.tb06510.x 14. Gogotsi Y.G. and Lavrenko...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Miedema K. , Scheetz J. , and Williams J. , Introduction of Nitrided M50 and M50NiL Bearings into Jet Engine Mainshaft Applications , Bearing Steel Technologies: Tenth Volume, Advances in Steel Technologies for Rolling Bearings , Beswick J. , Ed., ASTM International , West...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... topography is adequate for EDS. Instead of selecting a region of interest for a static x-ray dot map, the new systems allow for dynamic exploration of a sample because the software color-codes each element on the basis of characteristic x-rays. Dual-beam electron/ion beam systems, or focused ion beam systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Mohrbacker H. , Blanpain B. , Celis J.P. , Roos J.R. , Stals L. , and Van Stappen M. , Oxidational Wear of TiN Coatings on Tool Steel and Nitride Tool Steel in Unlubricated Fretting , Wear , Vol 188 , 1995 , p 130 – 137 10.1016/0043-1648(95)06637-3 57. Fouvry S...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) <100 (average) >250 (average) >250 (average) >250 (average) >1000 (average) Ref 43 (1996) Ion plating TiN Tool steel Ball on cylinder 3.5, 4.6, 5.1 2 → 5 0.03 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.01 50 → 60 HRC 2300 HV <1.3 (average) 50 (1998) Reactive sputtering TiN M50 bearing steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... (%) salinity and 25 °C (75 °F) Table 6 Major seawater constituents at 35 parts per thousand (%) salinity and 25 °C (75 °F) Ion or molecule Concentration mmol/kg g/kg Na + 468.5 10.77 K + 10.21 0.399 Mg +2 53.08 1.290 Ca +2 10.28 0.4121 Cl − 545.9 19.354...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Ions , Corros. Sci. , Vol 90 , 2015 , p 522 – 528 10.1016/j.corsci.2014.10.023 52. Reffass M. , Sabot R. , Jeannin M. , Berziou C. , and Refait P. , Effects of NO 2 -Ions on Localised Corrosion of Steel in NaHCO 3 + NaCl Electrolytes , Electrochim. Acta , Vol...