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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... reviews fatigue assessment methods incorporated in international design and post construction codes and standards, with special emphasis on evaluating welds. Specifically, the stress-life approach, the strain-life approach, and the fracture mechanics (crack growth) approach are described. An overview...
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Published: 15 January 2021
27 . (b) Slurry-pot erosion tester. Source: Ref 27 . (a, b) Reproduced with permission from “Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus,” G 99, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International, 2019. (c) Slurry-jet More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... are criticized for their lack of ability to predict real-life performance ( Ref 10 ). In spite of this, flammability tests continue to be used to measure and describe the response of materials or systems to heat or flame exposure under laboratory conditions. The reader should note that standard test methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... 1. “ Test Methods for Determining the Izod Pendulum Impact Resistance of Plastics ,” D256-10, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International , 2018 2. “ Test Method for Determining the Charpy Impact Resistance of Notched Specimens of Plastics ,” D6110-18, Annual Book of ASTM Standards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and White Panel Temperature Devices for Natural Weathering Tests ,” ASTM International , 2019 6. ISO 4892-1 , “ Plastics—Methods of Exposure to Laboratory Light Sources—Part 1: General Guidance ,” International Organization for Standardization , 2016 7. Gardette J.L. , Rivaton...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006946
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Measurements on Plastics ,” D4092, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM 1986 • “ Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing ,”E6, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM 1986 • “ Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Conditioning ,” E41, Annual Book of ASTM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006937
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... irregularity, birefringence, and internal contamination must also be considered. These characteristics are a function of the material and the fabrication method. Gloss and color also are affected by the base material and measured as optical properties. optical components optical properties optical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , ASM International, 2002. References References 1. “ Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials ,” E 8/E8M-16, ASTM International 2. “ Standard Test Method for Guided Bend Test for Ductility of Welds ,” E 190-14, ASTM International 3. “ Standard Test Methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and International Organization for Standardization (ISO) mechanical test standards for plastics ASTM International standard ISO standard Topic area of standard Specimen preparation D618 291 Methods of specimen conditioning D955 294-4 Measuring shrinkage from mold dimensions of molded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of the Plastics Industry, classifies plastic materials based on these properties, which are derived from standards such as those of ASTM International, formerly American Society for Testing and Materials; the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), now called the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and procedures for the quantitative analysis. This is also helpful in determining best standards to use for the analysis. Details of the EDS and XRF techniques are discussed in the article “ X-Ray Spectroscopy ” in Materials Characterization , Volume 10 of the ASM Handbook , 2019. There are several methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... optimal areas upon which to focus for sectioning and metallography in order to further investigate the condition of the component. This article provides information on the inspection method available for failure analysis, including standard methods such as visual testing, penetrant testing, and magnetic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... disposed in an annular manner. When sectioned, the nuts showed a surprising method of construction. The nuts for the bolts had been made by using conventional pipe couplings inserted into sleeves made from hexagonal bar and the coupling secured to the sleeve by welding at each outer face. The ends...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... change, weight change, and color change. Decreases in material properties are measured over time after exposure to various temperatures, chemical environments, and forms of weathering. Examples of standard test methods are ASTM D3045, “Standard Practice for Heat Aging of Plastics without Load...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... the plane of the eye and one portion macro-etched. As will be seen from Figure 1 , the construction was as follows: Fig. 1 Etched section through special eyebolt showing method of construction. (×1). The threaded portion of a standard 5 8 in. eyebolt was cut off 5 16...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the United States for engineered metals are International Organization for Standardization (ISO), American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), Aerospace Materials Specifications (AMS), American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI), and military standards (MIL), which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... References References 1. Sequeria C.A.C. : Corrosion of copper and copper alloys . Ulig’s Corrosion Handbook , 2nd edn , pp. 729 – 757 ( 2000 ) 2. Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography , ASTM D4327 – 03 , ASTM , West Conshohocken, PA...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Standards Institute (ANSI) specification B107.6-1978 for 3/4-inch (19 mm) combination wrenches. This standard states that the open jaw end of the wrench must be able to withstand 1,650-inch pounds (186 N m) of torque without failure or deflection for a minimum of 10 s [ 1 ]. A fixture, seen in Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... rate The existence and maintenance of standards controlling its operation Whether it has attracted widespread acceptance within a relevant scientific community Under the Frye standard ( Ref 3 ), an expert’s testimony must be based on scientific methods that are sufficiently established...