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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006937
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., and internal contamination must also be considered. These characteristics are a function of the material and the fabrication method. Gloss and color also are affected by the base material and measured as optical properties. References References 1. Smith W.J. , Modern Optical Engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and/or shipping packages will record any potential changes that the component underwent following failure and/or any damage imposed by abuse during shipping and handling. The as-received photographic process should include proper color balance, direct lighting, and a scale or ruler in the photograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... ). The power plant was located 1 km (0.6 miles) from the Pacific Ocean and operates on No. 2 diesel fuel, which was supplied by tanker ship. Turbine bucket failures occurred on three units after 2500 to 6400 h of operation. Investigation The buckets fractured at the tip shroud. These integral tip...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... groups 1 and 2 were prepared for analysis by forcing delamination and replicating the surface as described above. Smaller amounts of an oily substance, not yellow in color, were extracted from the samples. FTIR analysis again determined the oily substance to be a triglyceride, suggesting that degradation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Micrograph showing he exfoliation region of the pipe. 14.25× Fig. 13 Micrograph of a cracktip, showing branching and an intergranular mode of fracture. 30.5× Fig. 14 Micrograph of light-colored phase found in the base metal (pipe) next to weld W-19. 30.5× Fig. 15 SEM micrograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Surface Examination Visual There was virtually no observable plastic deformation associated with the primary fractures, as all had a brittle appearance. The fractured surfaces were dull gray in color and granular in texture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract This article presents a failure analysis of 37.5 mW gas turbine third stage buckets made of Udimet 500 superalloy. The buckets experienced repetitive integral tip shroud fractures assisted by a low temperature (type II) hot corrosion. A detailed analysis was carried out on elements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... flange. The darker and small grained microstructure is that of the original condition of the sheet metal. The lighter colored regions showing grain refining and coarse grain structure, constitute a heat affected zone. This microstructure is a consequence of thermal annealing. There is no microstructural...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of tool and die steels is discussed in the Section “Heat Treating of Tool Steels” in Heat Treating, Volume 4 of the ASM Handbook. In addition to controlling the heat-treatment process, tool and die design and steel selection are integral factors in achieving tool and die integrity. Analytical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is discussed in the section “Heat Treating of Tool Steels” in Heat Treating , Volume 4 of the ASM Handbook , 1991. In addition to controlling the heat treatment process, tool and die design and steel selection are integral factors in achieving tool and die integrity. Analytical Approach Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... assembly was modified by the manufacturer, which integrated the cover plates and blade into a single casting. Example 8: High-Cycle Fatigue Failure of a Steam Turbine Blade A steam turbine, driven by a coal-fired boiler, experienced a failure from the low-pressure section of the turbine at the final...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is to determine the root cause or causes. Determination of root cause is good engineering practice that crosses functional boundaries within a company and is an integral part of the company quality assurance and continuous improvement programs. An organized and thorough failure investigation is not a “science...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... rifles similar to that shown in Figure 1 are used with blank ammunition. A blank firing adapter (BFA) is attached to the rifle barrel and is coupled with an integrated laser engagement device to simulate normal operation. Fig. 1 M-16 rifle with blank firing adapter (BFA) in position. Close-up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Inorganic pigments Organic pigments Varieties of chromatography Less variety, narrow spectrum More varieties, wider spectrum Color characteristics Lower brightness, dark Bright Tinting strength Low color strength High color strength Special dosage forms Lower than organic Variety...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the removal of the racks from the basin, a failure occurred in one of the racks and the Savannah River Technology Center was asked to investigate. This paper presents the results of the failure analysis and provides a discussion of the effects of corrosion on the structural integrity of the storage racks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... inhibitors degradation environmentally assisted cracking failure analysis heat exchangers inspection iron lubricants microbially induced corrosion piping sampling steel tanks MICROORGANISMS can directly or indirectly affect the integrity of many materials used in industrial systems. Most...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... visual examination of the failure area and adjacent areas to determine, photograph, and/or schematically record: (a) origin of failure; (b) presence of stress concentrators; (c) presence of temper color or scale on fracture faces; (d) orientation and magnitude of stresses; (e) failure mode and mechanism...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... observed on one edge, Fig. 5 . A small shear lip was also observed on one of the surfaces. The fractured surfaces were also smeared at some locations. High-temperature color bands were present on fractured surface. These bands were due to heat tinting probably resulting from friction on the fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to proportional, integral, and derivative control Check for process heating/cooling issues due to volatilization/vaporization of low-molecular-weight by-products or additives Steady, slow decrease in output Clogged screen pack or leakage along the screw flight Clean screen pack Implement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article discusses the failure analysis of several steel transmission pipeline failures, describes the causes and characteristics of specific pipeline failure modes, and introduces pipeline failure prevention and integrity management practices and methodologies. In addition...