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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analyzed using optical and scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The exterior surfaces of all six brackets were alike and shared similar features, including witness marks, discoloration, mechanical deformation, and secondary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... The techniques utilized included scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermomechanical analysis, and melt flow rate determination. It was the conclusion of the investigation that the part failed via brittle fracture, with evidence also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a fracture surface, the preferred method for sampling is to use microscopy tape to pick up the contaminant directly on a conductive substrate. Alternatively, when a nonmetallic contaminant is analyzed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, the sampling medium, such as a swab or wipe, should...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in.) length of spool piece was sent for analysis. Visual Scanning Electron Microscopy/Fractography Corrosion Patterns Microstructural Analysis Qualitative chemical analysis of the spool piece material was performed using SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Results indicated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 1 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Properties measured Use in failure analysis Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Molecular bond structure Material identification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Results of infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis of bungee cords tested Table 1 Results of infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis of bungee cords tested Sample Rubber content, wt% Filler content, wt% Rubber type Outer sheath Load at break...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the termination. Transverse sections from each of the groups were examined metallographically. Consistent interfacial separation was noted. Fourier transform infrared and EDS analyses were also performed. It was concluded that low wraparound termination strength of the resistors had caused unacceptable increases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
..., causing leakage and ultimately failure. Chlorides Insulation Water tanks 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Transgranular fracture Introduction Failure Mode Visual Examination Scanning Electron Microscopy Metallographic Examination FTIR Spectrometry Stress Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... evaluation of the failure mechanisms. Microfractographic examination can be conducted in several ways, including direct methods involving light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy and indirect methods involving replicas that can be examined by light microscopy or by scanning or transmission...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Mechanical spectroscopy Viscosity, normal stress difference, shear elastic and loss modulus Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Chemical functional groups Attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Surface functional groups Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... interstices. Additionally, polarized lighting revealed that the anomalous areas were of a different density than the surrounding resin. Chemical methods were utilized to analyze the anomaly. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was conducted on resin obtained from the top ply and resin obtained from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: EDS, energy-dispersive spectroscopy; WDS, wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy; AES, Auger electron spectroscopy; XPS, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; TOF-SIMS, time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry; FTIR, Fourier transform infrared (spectroscopy) Auger electron spectroscopy atomic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the sample was determined using combustion infrared technique (LECO, TC600) as per standard IS 228 Part 20 [ 1 ]. The obtained results for chemical analysis of the sample as well as the specified grade are compiled in Table 2 . The chemical composition of the sample was found to satisfy specification P265...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis photography Fig. 18 Stereomicroscope photograph of a fatigue fracture Fig. 20 Scanning electron microscopy. (a) Typical scanning electron microscope used in failure analysis photography. (b) Scanning electron microscope photograph of a fatigue fracture Fig. 21 Typical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with light-emitting diode ring light illumination Fig. 24 Optical stereomicroscopic image of exemplar crankshaft fracture with light-emitting diode ring light illumination and high dynamic range image processing Digital Microscopy Scanning Electron Microscopy Optical Metallography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...; and a region of fresh, fast fracture. A fractured dovetail was cut from one of the rotors and examined by scanning electron microscopy. Intergranular fracture, with branching intergranular cracks, was observed in the discolored region, indicative of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). The damage indicated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the service conditions existing at and prior to the time of fracture. These findings can then be extended by an examination of the fracture surface at low magnification with a stereomicroscope and then at high magnification by electron microscopy, metallography (occasionally), or some combination...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , and Schaper H. , An Atlas of Polymer Damage , Prentice-Hall , 1981 20. Williams J.G. , Stress Analysis of Polymers , John Wiley & Sons , 1973 21. Sawyer L.C. and Grubb D.T. , Polymer Microscopy , Chapman & Hall , 1987 10.1007/978-94-009-3139-8 22...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4