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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract In 1975, a manufacturer was awarded a contract to produce modular air-traffic control towers for the U.S. Navy. The specifications called for painted steel siding, but the manufacturer convinced the Navy to substitute aluminum-bonded-to-plywood panels that were provided...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... by the several methods, were subjected subsequently to, a moderately severe marine environment, a severely corrosive industrial atmosphere, and a rural one. The experiment demonstrated the superiority of sprayed coatings in providing protection against exfoliation corrosion. The painted specimens all showed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and industrial water supplies. The chemicals that may be introduced are limited for public health reasons. Pourbaix diagrams are used to predict material behavior with the adjustment of the pH. Pourbaix diagrams show the conditions of potential and pH under which the metal either is nonreactive (immune...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of construction in industry. Nonmetallic materials, such as woods, plastics, polymers, and paints, provide good indicators of lower-temperature exposures. Paints are used to protect structures, especially carbon steel, from rusting. The condition of the paint after an event can be particularly telling, because...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... Fig. 13 Cracked bearing cap shown in Fig. 12 . The arrows indicate the position of the crack. Fig. 14 Fracture surface of bearing cap shown in Fig. 12 and 13 after breaking open the crack. The arrow indicates the position where blue paint was observed that matched the paint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion is the deterioration of a material by a reaction of that material with its environment. The realization that corrosion control can be profitable has been acknowledged repeatedly by industry, typically following costly business interruptions. This article describes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... or replacement, was recommended to prevent chloride buildup. Painting of the steel surface with an epoxy-phenolic or epoxy-coal tar was also suggested. Chemical processing industry Columns (process) Marine environments 316 UNS S31600 Stress-corrosion cracking Pitting corrosion Background Visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract This paper describes the investigation of a corrosion failure of bottom plates on an aboveground tank used for the storage of potable water. The tank was internally inspected for the first time after six years of service. Paint blisters and rust spots were observed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... in the hot rolled or as-rolled condition. Hot rolled steel is one of the basic raw materials of industry and is transported great distances throughout the world. Usually there is no surface treatment (such as blasting, painting, or galvanizing) until it reaches its end user. Thus it is transported and stored...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... was for any component subjected to a bulk composition analysis. A microstructure analysis is often more informative. There are many difficulties in analyzing the base metal composition of manufactured components. Often the component has been painted or plated. The plating or paint must be removed without...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Cracking was discovered in an in-service, second-stage turbine impeller during a downtime inspection. The fabricated 4300 series low-alloy steel impeller was used in a compressor in an industrial petrochemical plant. It was also reported that a process upset had allowed a 10...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... R.B. and McCright R.D. , Corrosion of Containment Materials for Radioactive-Waste Isolation , Corrosion: Environments and Industries , Vol 13C , ASM Handbook , Cramer S.D. and Covino B.S. , Ed., ASM International , 2006 , p 421 – 437 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004149...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and their design are industry standards and have been used in the same service thousands of times. In the 4510 m (14,800 ft) string, there were approximately 370 similar couplings, only two of which failed. There was nothing new or unusual about either the order or the application. Visual Prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and residual tensile stresses associated with riveting. Prevalence of Stress-Corrosion Cracking Since the first instances of season cracking and caustic embrittlement were encountered in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, SCC has been observed and documented in nearly every industry. The American...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... no macroscopic evidence of impending failure is seen. Stress-corrosion cracking continues to be a cause of significant service failures. It is very likely that for every alloy there is an environment that will cause SCC, but, fortunately, most of the ones of industrial significance are known and avoidable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that the problem is corrected and improves customer satisfaction. Standardize: Incorporate the corrective action into the standards documentation system of the company, organization, or industry to prevent recurrence in similar products or systems. Monitor changes to ensure effectiveness. The second...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... documentation system of the company, organization, or industry to prevent recurrence in similar products or systems. Monitor changes to ensure effectiveness. The second step in the problem-solving model, determine root cause , introduces a very significant process. Solutions to prevent recurrence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) in industry, education, and research applications. The success of the SEM is directly related to the versatility of the instrument. Typical SEMs can deliver clear, high-magnification images while also providing the user with the ability to obtain chemical compositions from samples when equipped...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ). Coating failures of this sort block CP and have led to corrosion and SCC problems on operating pipeline systems ( Ref 22 , 42 ). The modern trend to more environmentally friendly, safer materials also affects the formulation of paints and coatings used to protect industrial systems. This has raised...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... necks sheet forming springback wrinkles SHEET METAL FORMING processes have been widely used for several decades, and sheet metal formed parts are used in a spectrum of industrial applications. Major strides in understanding the forming process have occurred over that time, but, as with any high...