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inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... covers the operating principles, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of optical emission spectroscopy (OES), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), X-ray spectroscopy, and ion chromatography (IC). In addition, information on combustion analysis and inert gas fusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and was found to meet applicable standards for this alloy. The Rockwell hardness was in the acceptable range for annealed 321 CRES. A section was taken to mount, grind, polish, etch, and inspect for microstructural anomalies. No metallurgical defects, other than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... testing, energy dispersive x-ray analysis, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The tube was made from SA 210A1 carbon steel that had been compromised by wall thinning and the accumulation of fire and water-side scale deposits. Investigators determined that the tube failed due to prolonged...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., but not always, present with the tellurium. The tellurium quickly disappeared during depth profiling; thus, the inclusions were probably quite thin. Subsequent multiple trace chemical analyses by inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy that was specifically targeted for tellurium did detect a concentration level...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... maintenance, including assurance that adequate calibrations have been upheld. Methods such as x-ray fluorescence (XRF), arc or spark optical emission spectroscopy (OES), and inductively coupled plasma OES (ICP-OES) can be considered quantitative methods. To obtain optimal quantitative results, the sample...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... particulate air filters. The failure analysis investigation concluded that nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking was the cause of the failure. vent pipe nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking welding defects galvanized low-carbon steel MnS inclusions ion-coupled plasma-emission spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the more of a certain element present, the less light will get through to the detector. Again, proper calibration is extremely important. Another method of wet chemical analysis is the inductively coupled plasma spectrometer. Again, a solution of dissolved metal is fed into the instrument. The solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., as the size of the nuclei for the atoms comprising the sample gets larger (i.e., higher atomic number), the BSE emission increases in a nearly linear fashion ( Fig. 4b ). Greater BSE emission results in greater brightness for the corresponding areas of the image. Thus, for a flat, polished sample containing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... the chemical composition of the alloy. The material was required to conform to the governing material specification. The composition was determined by the Leco combustion method (carbon and sulfur), and inductively coupled argon plasma emission spectroscopy. The material met the requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to identify the material and to compare it with the specification requirements on the drawing. Otherwise, the alloy is identified using available standards. For metallic components, destructive analysis is performed using inductively coupled plasma/atomic or optical emission spectroscopy, an analytical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The chemical composition was governed by AMS 5629. The material designated was precipitation hardened PH 13-8 Mo, heat treated to the H1050 condition. Inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectroscopy was utilized to determine the wt.% of each element. Samples were sectioned from each of the six rods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the greatest effect in the ability of a material to form crystals or remain amorphous. Fig. 2 Conceptual conformation of polymer molecules into lamellae connected by less-ordered tie molecules The atoms that form the backbone of the polymer are all attached together by covalent bonds, resulting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... practices should also be considered. Simple matters such as specifying and verifying the proper material and material condition are critical. One company has used portable optical emission spectroscopy equipment for chemical analysis to examine several bulk items supposedly made of alloy steels and found 1...