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induction soldering

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of degradation that occurs at low temperatures. Based on the results of the investigation, which included SEM/EDS analysis, inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy, and x-ray diffraction, the metal surfaces contained less than 0.1% Bi and thus were not adequately protected against tin pest, which was confirmed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... input, and high-resolution instrument. IR systems are sensitive to surface emissivity. Rapid examination of large areas. Can be adapted to production inspections Circuit board solder joints, solar cells, heat-transfer equipment, metals, composites, concrete Sonic IR/vibro-thermography, inductive IR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The various methods of furnace, torch, induction, resistance, dip, and laser brazing are used to produce a wide range of highly reliable brazed assemblies. However, imperfections that can lead to braze failure may result if proper attention is not paid to the physical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or induction heating), brazed-on shields of Stellite 6B, or welded-on hard facing. Helicopter rotors are made of titanium sheet laid over a structural framework and pressurized internally with nitrogen, or of fiber-reinforced composites with a polymeric foam core. Manifestations of Liquid-Droplet Erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... welding processes. The article also describes failure origins in other welding processes, such as electroslag welds, electrogas welds, flash welds, upset butt welds, flash welds, electron and laser beam weld, and high-frequency induction welds. arc welding brittle fracture electrogas welds...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Titanium Hg, Cd, Ag, Au It should be pointed out that alloys of these embrittler metals can also be embrittling. In fact, for service failures, the embrittling metal is probably not pure but is impure or an alloy. For example, tin- and lead-base bearing alloys and solders also cause metal-induced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or control the effects of all important failure modes. Single-point failures identified during the analysis should be uniquely identified so as to maintain their visibility throughout the design process. The FMEA Process The FMEA methodology is based on a hierarchical, inductive approach to analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of these embrittler metals can also be embrittling. In fact, for service failures, the embrittling metal is probably not pure but is impure or an alloy. For example, tin- and lead-base bearing alloys and solders also cause metal-induced embrittlement. Furthermore, some alloy additions to embrittling metals have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... (cast steel) Flow marks, crow’s feet D 134 Casting surface entirely pitted or pock-marked Orange peel, metal mold reaction, alligator skin D 135 Grooves and roughness in the vicinity of re-entrant angles on die castings Soldering, die erosion D 140 Depressions in the casting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reaction, alligator skin D 135 Grooves and roughness in the vicinity of re-entrant angles on die castings Soldering, die erosion D 140: Depressions in the casting surface D 141 Casting surface depressions in the vicinity of a hot spot Sink marks, draw or suck-in D 142 Small...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... been subjected to an induction-heating stress improvement-induction heating the outer wall of the pipe to 550 to 600 °C (1020 to 1110 °F) maximum for a maximum of 12 min while the inside is cooled with water. This treatment leaves a residual tensile stress on the outer surface and a residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and poor weld bead geometry from deficiencies in welding Inclusions Interfaces in layer-type bonded materials (applied by cladding, rolling, electroplating, spraying, brazing, or soldering) Case-core interfaces in case-hardened steels Severe surface irregularities, such as rolling or forging...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... points back to the crack initiation site and is created under conditions of “rapid” crack propagation. Source: Ref 29 Fig. 6 Chevrons on the fracture surface of an induction-hardened axle fabricated from 1541 steel. The V-shaped chevrons point back to an initiation site marked by the arrow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... points back to the crack initiation site and is created under conditions of rapid crack propagation. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 7 Chevrons on the fracture surface of an induction-hardened axle fabricated from 1541 steel. The V-shaped chevrons point back to an initiation site marked by the arrow...