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induction melting

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and tensile stress, which would most likely lead to crack initiation. Firstly, the low melting metal or alloy contacted or attached to base metal before forming as shown in Fig. 4a . Secondly, the low melting metal or its alloy met the high temperature of nearly 1000 °C during the induction heating, at which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... hardening and heat treatment does not present any serious difficulty. Care is still required in processing to avoid decarburization. In an application of track pins for tracked vehicles, bars about 22 mm diam were required in heat treated and centerless-ground condition prior to induction hardening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... pipe hot cracking grain boundary segregation stainless steel tear ridges melt bridging microfractography induction heating frequency X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2 (titanium-stabilized austenitic stainless steel) UNS S31635 Introduction Large austenitic stainless steel piping used for manifolds...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... of the tube. Glass that solidified in this region could not be sufficiently heated to melt the plug. Therefore, the drain tube was cut periodically to keep it positioned inside the drain tube induction coil. The melter cycle was suspended on six occasions due to unmeltable tip plugs. Each occasion resulted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... increased gear reliability in this type of application is necessary, further improvements in steelmaking were needed to reduce the levels ofharmful inclusions and improve homogeneity. A new specification for the gear blank material, which required vacuum induction melting and vacuum arc remelting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of tensile tests conducted near the incipient melting temperature at the grain boundaries. All kingpins made by the supplier of the fractured ones were ultrasonically inspected and six more anticipated to fail were found. It was recommended that the heating of forging blanks be more carefully controlled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... volumes of the ASM Handbook series: Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes , Volume 4A (2013); Induction Heating and Heat Treatment , Volume 4C (2014); Heat Treating of Irons and Steels , Volume 4D (2014); and Heat Treating of Nonferrous Alloys , Volume 4E (2016...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., elimination of these inclusions during casting leads to an improvement of RCF life and thereby bearing life. Vacuum induction melting, vacuum arc remelting, electroslag remelting, and combinations of these processes are commonly used to produce bearings for demanding applications. Vacuum Induction Melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... specific to the metal group and progress from melting to solidification, casting processing, and finally how the removal of the mold material can affect performance. aluminum casting defects castings copper ductile iron failure analysis gray iron melting solidification steel Introduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The various methods of furnace, torch, induction, resistance, dip, and laser brazing are used to produce a wide range of highly reliable brazed assemblies. However, imperfections that can lead to braze failure may result if proper attention is not paid to the physical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the difference in heat flow between a sample and a reference as the material is heated or cooled ( Ref 6 ). The technique is used to evaluate thermal transitions within a material. Such transitions include glass transitions, melting, evaporation, crystallization, solidification, cross linking, chemical reactions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... and Processing Material PH 13-8 Mo, meeting the requirements of AMS 5629 ( Ref. 3 ), was specified for the shrink link cylinder and the piston. This steel is vacuum induction melted and then consumable electrode vacuum melted. Its nominal composition is given in Table 1 . PH13-8 Mo composition (wt...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the situation. Furthermore, those cases where such embrittlement extends below the melting temperature of the embrittling metal, formerly known as stress alloying, are now termed solid metal induced embrittlement (SMIE). In either case, the metal-induced embrittlement is the result of subcritical crack growth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the difference in heat flow between a sample and a reference as the material is heated or cooled ( Ref 5 ). The technique is used to evaluate thermal transitions within a material. Such transitions include melting, evaporation, crystallization, solidification, cross linking, chemical reactions, and decomposition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-die and upset forgings are produced from billets, bar stock, or a preform, all of which have received some previous mechanical working. The major problems associated with melting and casting practice are the development of centerline segregation and porosity and a condition known as scabs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as liquid metal embrittlement. More recently, the term liquid-metal-induced embrittlement (LMIE) has been accepted as more descriptive of the situation. Furthermore, those cases where such embrittlement occurs below the melting temperature of the embrittling metal, formerly known as stress alloying...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and fracture toughness at -40 °C (-40 °F) and at room temperature. Fatigue-strength data were also obtained from manufacturers. Except the vanadium-modified 4337 gun steel (4337V) and the British I steel, which were air melted and vacuum degassed, all alloys came as vacuum-melted bar stock (induction...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... performance of a part by creating a notch of unknown severity and serve as a crack-initiation site during fabrication or in service. Corrosion and wear damage can also be assisted by discontinuities, especially at the surface. These flaws may occur from the melting practices and solidification of ingot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to the melting temperature (temperatures on an absolute scale) of the alloy. A homologous temperature in excess of 0.4 is generally considered sufficient for creep deformation to occur ( Ref 2 ). In a gas turbine, temperatures of this magnitude are generally confined to the hot section of the gas generator...