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induction hardening

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Rollover accidents in light trucks and cars involving an axle failure frequently raise the question of whether the axle broke causing the rollover or did the axle break as a result of the rollover. Axles in these vehicles are induction hardened medium carbon steel. Bearings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Splined rotor shafts (constructed from 1151 steel) used on small electric motors were found to miss one spline each from several shafts before the motors were put into service. Apparent peeling of splines on the induction-hardened end of each rotor shaft was revealed by visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... heat treat hardening specifications. The mode of failure was tooth profile spalling. By definition, spalling originates at a case/core interface or at the juncture of a hardened/nonhardened area. The cause of this failure was either insufficient or no induction-hardened case along the active profile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... through hardening and heat treatment does not present any serious difficulty. Care is still required in processing to avoid decarburization. In an application of track pins for tracked vehicles, bars about 22 mm diam were required in heat treated and centerless-ground condition prior to induction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0047406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... alternative to 1045 steel. The pinion was annealed before flame or induction hardening of the teeth to a surface hardness of 363 HRB and a core hardness of 197 HRB. The broken pinion had a tooth which had failed by fatigue fracture through the tooth root because of the low strength from incomplete surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract The 8620 steel latch tip, carburized and then induction hardened to a minimum surface hardness of 62 HRC, on the main-clutch stop arm on a business machine fractured during normal operation when the latch tip was subjected to intermittent impact loading. Fractographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... hardness of 40 to 46 HRC. Visual inspection and 100x micrographs showed the fracture surface as having a complex type of fatigue failure initiated from subsurface inclusions in the transition zone between the induction-hardened surface and the softer core. The fractured shaft was examined for chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Induction-hardened teeth on a sprocket cast of low-alloy steel wore at an unacceptably high rate. A surface hardness of 50 to 51 HRC was determined; 55 HRC minimum had been specified. Analysis revealed that the alloy content of the steel was adequate for the desired...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., bearing bush, and journal surface. The excessive heat also softened the induction-hardened case on the journal surface, decreasing its fatigue strength. Fatigue crack initiation occurred at the root fillet of the groove because of stress concentration. rotary shaft bearing sleeve fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... for making the steel, forging the shape, and preliminary heat treatment; and (3) a supplier that provided induction hardening, finish machining, and inspection. An independent engineering firm was subsequently involved, but because each party had its own agenda, there was no agreement on the metallurgical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... appear in comparatively short journal pins at high stresses. This crankshaft fracture was an example of the damage that is caused or promoted neither by material nor heat treatment mistakes nor by defects of design or machining, but solely by overstressing. Crankshafts Induction hardening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Meng H. , and Yuen T.H. , Impact Wear Behavior of Laser Hardened Hypoeutectoid 2Cr13 Martensite Stainless Steel , Wear , Vol 255 , 2003 , p 444 – 455 10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00417-4 36. Slatter T. , Lewis R. , and Jones A.H. , The Influence of Induction Hardening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... be improved by through hardening or induction surface hardening of the teeth. Catastrophic wear Chain drives Chemical processing industry Shafts (power) UNS G10200 UNS G10450 1020 1045 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) wear Background Testing Procedure and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... for the outer 3.2 mm (0.125 in.) and decreased to a core hardness of approximately 20 HRC. Based on this microstructure and hardness pattern, it was assumed that the axle had been induction hardened. Fig. 8 Microstructure of axle near the outer perimeter, composed of tempered martensite. 2% nital etch...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., brine, and caustic quenching Shapes Maximum carbon content, % Furnace hardening General use 0.30 Simple shapes 0.35 Very simple shapes (e.g., bars) 0.40 Induction hardening Simple shapes 0.50 Complex shapes 0.33 Higher-carbon steels undergo greater expansion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... not exceeding 65 t.p.s.i., or have been nitrided, no further heat treatment is normally required before plating. In the case of parts made from steel hardened and tempered to a tensile range exceeding 65 t.p.s.i., or which have been carburised, flame-or induction-hardened, or carbonitrided, it is preferable...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and in the impeller were worn away by vibration in the presence of sand and metallic particles. Detail A: Enlarged view of failure area showing worn splines This particular model of fuel pump had a history of wear failures and had been redesigned to incorporate a shaft of case-hardened steel (composition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... a fractured compression spring. Intergranular features are suggested and a plating layer is apparent on the quench crack surface. 2% Nital Etchant (Original Magnification 100 ×) Axle bars were manufactured from 38 mm square Grade 1045 plain carbon steel. The bars were induction hardened to 45 to 50 HRC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... as-quenched condition, but is within the expected range for an induction hardened steel ( Ref 10 ). In the first 3 mm (0. 12 in.) below the striking surface, all converted hardnesses were above 65 HRC. The excessive hardnesses measured in the first 3 mm (0. 12 in.) below the striking surface indicate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... responsible for RCF failure can generally be idealized by Hertzian contact conditions, but the interpretation of these fields should be approached with caution, because they do not account for variation in properties (e.g., case-hardened steels, coatings), friction, or material inhomogeneities...