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impact strength

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the gears had low impact strength. Failure was attributed to low toughness caused by the absence of, or improper, heat treatment. Casting defects identified during metallographic examination were determined to be the fracture initiation site, but were considered less significant than the low as-received...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... strength. That they failed in the threaded portion also suggests a stress-concentration effect. Recommendations included changing the material spec to a higher-strength material with greater impact strength. In this case, it was recommended that the stems, despite any possible design changes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... notch produced by flame cutting and welding. As corrective measures, fully silicon-killed 1020 steel with a maximum grain size of ASTM 5 were used to make new stop-block weldments. The weldments were normalized at 900 deg C after flame cutting and welding to improve microstructure and impact strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Clutches Impact strength Surface defects 8620 UNS G86200 Brittle fracture The latch tip on the main-clutch stop arm shown in Fig. 1(a) fractured during normal operation in a business machine. In operation, the latch tip was subjected to intermittent impact loading. Three stop arms that failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that the precipitation of carbides at the grain boundaries may have occurred because of improper heat treatment, but not because of a deficiency in composition. crusher jaws fracture embrittlement steel grainy surface texture metallographic analysis impact strength ASTM A 128 grade B-4 (austenitic manganese...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... shear, investigators conducted an extensive study on the shear strength of explosively cladded Inconel 625 and plain carbon steel samples. They found that by increasing impact energy, the adhesion strength of the resulting cladding can be improved. Beyond a certain point, however, additional impact...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... parallel to the fracture face. Results of the impact testing, presented in Table 1 , showed that the fractured blades had average impact strengths less than one-third those of the bent blades. Fig. 6 Photograph showing crack at the toe of attachment weld on one of the bent bars. Average Charpy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... the defective eye bolt and normalized at 900° C. One specimen was examined in this condition and the other after strain ageing (10% deformation + 1 2 h/ 250° C). The results were as follows: notched bar impact strength [kpm/cm 2 ] hardness HV [kp/mm 2 ] normalized specimen 3,1 223–232...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... for the manufacture of the forging was apparently not fully killed, which further contributed to poor impact strength. The carbon steel plate material was found to have adequate tensile properties and moderate toughness, as indicated by Charpy impact testing (35.3 J, or 26 ft . lbf). Grain refinement during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0045987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... to meet strength requirements). The steel should be specified to be killed, fine-grained, and normalized, with Charpy V-notch impact-energy values of 20 J (15 ft·lbf) at -46 deg C (-50 deg F) in the longitudinal direction and 20 J (15 ft·lbf) at -29 deg C (-20 deg F) in the transverse direction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... fracture surface; arrow points to facet at fracture origin. (d) Enlarged view of region at arrow in (c). 5.5×. (e) Charpy V-notch impact-strength values of specimens from weld area, both as-fractured and after retempering at 650 °C (1200 °F) for 6 h. Source: Ref 1 The failure did extensive damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... during high impact fatigue stresses in the drop forge. The second piston rod of 120 mm diam consisted of a steel with 0.25% C and 1.00% Mn. It allegedly had 57 kp/sq mm tensile strength and 26% elongation. The basic structure of the 120 mm piston rod was ferritic-pearlitic and hardness of 155 Brinell...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... energies, regardless of sulfur content between 0.005 and 0.179 wt.% [ 25 ]. The effects of elongated sulfides as a function of total content and shape were shown in AISI 4137 steel with 260 ksi UTS ( Table 9 ). There was only a moderate effect of sulfur on longitudinal impact strength [ 11 ]. The large...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... cracked outside of the weld seam closely under the head. Neither one had been particularly deformed before fracture. The composition of the head pieces corresponded approximately to manganese steel (Material No. 1 0845), a weldable construction steel with increased yield point and strength, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0090974
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... lower than specified. The casting was very brittle, and shrinkage was apparent on the tensile specimen fracture surfaces. The impact strength was very low at the specified test temperature. The typical microstructure is shown in Fig. 1(a) and 1(b) . The casting exhibited a tempered-martensite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... There are no specified chemical composition requirements for type 2 material, and no Charpy impact energy requirements. Requirements regarding strength, elongation, and reduction of area will be discussed later. The clamp measured 705 mm (27 3 4 in.) in inner diameter and 850 = (33 1 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract Cracking occurred within the plastic jacket (injection molded from an impact-modified, 15% glass-fiber-reinforced PET resin.) of several assemblies used in a transportation application during an engineering testing regimen which involved cyclic thermal shock (exposing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
...% Cu. The mean value of the yield point was 24 (24) kg/sq mm, the tensile strength 39 (38) kg/sq mm, the elongation at fracture, d10, 26 (24)%, the necking at fracture 71 (66)% and notch impact value 11.5 (9.4) kgm/sq cm (the values in brackets are for the transverse direction). The specimen from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to construct a finite element model to analyze material performance under failure conditions. In addition, a full scale structural test was conducted to determine failure strength. It was concluded that the club failed not from ground impact but from a force reversal at the bottom of the downswing. Large...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in Table 2 . Based on a 28 J (20 ft . lbf) criterion, the impact transition temperature is 40 °C (105 °F), which is well above room temperature. Results of Impact testing Table 2 Results of Impact testing Temperature Charpy V-notch impact strength (a) °C °F J ft. lbf −40 −40 21.9...