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hysteresis methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The article reviews fatigue assessment methods incorporated in international design and post construction codes and standards, with special emphasis on evaluating welds. Specifically, the stress-life approach, the strain-life approach, and the fracture mechanics (crack growth) approach are described...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of various applications, the plating might be 2 to 6 mm thick and free standing or mounted on a steel frame [ 1 ]. Electroforming is used in the manufacture of tools and products that have detailed grain on multiple contours and often are impossible to make economically by traditional methods of fabrication...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... It also discusses methods that may apply to any form of wear mechanism, because it is important to identify all mechanisms or combinations of wear mechanisms during failure analysis. The article concludes by presenting several examples of abrasive wear. abrasive wear crack growth failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (rolling) bearing loads produce subsurface cracking and subsequent surface wear. This article primarily covers the topic of abrasive wear failures. However, the section “Wear Failure Analysis” in this article discusses methods that may apply to any form of wear mechanism, because it is important...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as carbon or a metal, to allow examination using a standard SEM. The coating is applied by a method such as vacuum evaporation or sputtering. Coating must be performed carefully to avoid damaging the fracture surface (e.g., by excessive heating) or introducing artifacts associated with the coating process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., polypropylene; PVC, polyvinyl chloride; PA, polyamide; PI, polyimide; PET, polyethylene terephthalate. Source: Ref 7 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 2 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Property Gel permeation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... method of illumination. Figure 9 shows a view of the fracture surface of a tensile test specimen from a cast steel that has suffered embrittlement, resulting in a “rock candy” fracture. Fig. 9 Low-power light microscope view of a “rock candy” fracture in a tensile specimen taken from a cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are not electrically conductive, they must be coated with a thin conductive layer, such as carbon or gold, to allow examination using a standard SEM. The coating is applied by a method such as vacuum evaporation or sputtering. Coating must be performed carefully to avoid damaging the fracture surface (e.g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Properties, Hysteresis Loop Shape, and Kinematic Hardening of Two High-Strength Bearing Steels , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 21 ( No. 2 ), 1990 , p 653 – 665 10.1007/BF02671936 27. Kabo E. and Ekberg A. , Fatigue Initiation in Railway Wheels—A Numerical Study of the Influence of Defects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of fretting wear. This review is followed by several examples of failures related to fretting wear. References References 1. Hoeppner D. , Mechanisms of Fretting Fatigue and Their Impact on Test Methods Development , STP 1159, American Society for Testing and Materials , 1992 , p 23 – 32...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on the application and environment should be available: Description of the application, including the method of mounting the bearing Speed of rotation and whether rotation is constant or intermittent or of variable speed Lubrication system, lubricant, and filtering, if used Temperature of environment...