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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Two 25 x 40 mm (1 x 1.5 in.) AISI 4150 hot-rolled steel bars that cracked during heat treatment were examined to determine whether the heat treating procedure had contributed to the failure. Metallographic examination of a cross section taken through the fracture revealed an oxide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract Investigation of alleged corrosion damage to hot-rolled steel during transit requires metallurgical, chemical, and corrosion knowledge. Familiarity with non-destructive techniques and sampling procedures is necessary. A complete record of shipment history is also required, including...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Routine magnetic-particle inspection revealed crack indications in a number of shafts produced from hot-rolled 4130 steel bar. A pronounced indication of this size is cause for rejection if the defect is not eliminated during subsequent machining. A microstructural analysis...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Longitudinal section through a hot-rolled 1041 steel bar showing a carbon-rich centerline (dark horizontal bands) that resulted from segregation in the ingot. Picral. 3×. Courtesy of J.R. Kilpatrick More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Hot-rolled 1022 steel showing severe banding. Bands of pearlite (dark) and ferrite were caused by segregation of carbon and other elements during solidification and later decomposition of austenite. Nital. 250×. Courtesy of J.R. Kilpatrick More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Type 430 stainless steel hot rolled to various percentages of reduction showing development of a banded structure consisting of alternate layers of ferrite (light) and martensite (dark) as the amount of hot work is increased. (a) 63% reduction. (b) 81% reduction. (c) 94% reduction. 55 More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 (a) A magnetite coating on hot rolled sheet, with fresh rust breaking through; (b) Hot rolled surface, about 60% covered with fresh rust; (c) Hot rolled steel, with all the original magnetite lost. Rust is beginning to darken where arrowed, to form hematite. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 (a) Hot rolled coils after exposure for 2–4 weeks and 10 weeks in Malaysia; (b) Hot rolled coils after exposure for 34 weeks in Malaysia; (c) Corrosion in 10 days on clean, descaled steel exposed outdoors in Malaysia More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 18 Poor Strapping: (a) Coils of hot rolled steel from Russia, said to have suffered damage during handling during the voyage. Examination revealed that the damage had occurred during transport, but the coils had been rendered vulnerable to damage because of poor strapping at manufacture More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 20 Contamination by Fertilizer: This shipment of hot rolled pipe exhibited unusual corrosion upon discharge. Inquiries revealed there were fertilizer (ammonium chloride) and steelmaking additions stored above the pipe in the hold. The porous, granular steel-making addition stuck More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 6 Hot-rolled raw state microstructure ( a ), detected ferrite grain pattern ( b ), and ASTM G grain size distribution histogram ( c ) More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 9 Microstructure of the steel in its hot-rolled raw state ( a ), tested at 800 °C and 0.1 mm/min crosshead speed ( b ), and tested at 750 °C and 0.1 mm/min crosshead speed ( c ) More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 2 Longitudinal section through a hot rolled 1041 steel bar showing a carbon-rich centerline (dark horizontal bands) that resulted from segregation in the ingot. Picral etch. Original magnification: 3×. Courtesy of J.R. Kilpatrick More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 3 Hot rolled 1022 steel showing severe banding. Bands of pearlite (dark) and ferrite were caused by segregation of carbon and other elements during solidification and later decomposition of austenite. Nital etch. Original magnification: 250×. Courtesy of J.R. Kilpatrick More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 4 Type 430 stainless steel hot rolled to various percentages of reduction showing development of a banded structure consisting of alternate layers of ferrite (light) and martensite (dark) as the amount of hot work is increased. (a) 63% reduction. (b) 81% reduction. (c) 94% reduction More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 4 A preexisting hot mill rolling crack along the outside surface of the steel. Note the white indications of decarburization along the crack More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to sinusoidal load fluctuations at 6.7 Hz in air, 3% NaCl solution, and natural sea water are described. Reinforcement types studied included: hot-rolled mild steel bar, hot-rolled alloyed high strength bar, cold-worked high strength bar, galvanized bar of all these three types, nickel-clad bar and epoxy-coated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0045909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract A hot rolled, low-carbon steel pot used to melt magnesium alloys leaked, releasing about 35 kg (80 lb) of molten magnesium onto the foundry floor and causing an extensive fire. Due to the fire, the original leakage hole could not be investigated. Samples of the failed pot were polished...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0045987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract A support arm on a front-end loader failed in a brittle manner while lifting a load. The arm had a cross section of 50 x 200 mm (2 x 8 in.). Material used for the arm was hot-rolled ASTM A572, grade 42 (type 1), steel, which exhibited poor impact properties in the as-rolled condition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was attributed to hydrogen embrittlement. Measurement of hydrogen content in the raw material prior to fabrication was recommended. Careful control of acid pickling procedures for descaling of the hot-rolled bars was also deemed necessary. Inclusions Subsurface cracks 38KhA Hydrogen damage...