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hot isostatic pressing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... The blade vendor found that the lot of hot isostatically pressed (HIP) blade castings had been exposed to an improper atmosphere during the HIP process, resulting in the weakened structure. Because subsequent failures were found in blades that did not come from the suspect HIP lot, the scope of the problem...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... examination indicated that decarburization occurred after casting and after the grinding operation. A review of a typical ASTM F-75 prosthetic implant manufacturing cycle demonstrated that several opportunities for decarbudzation existed, including hot isostatic pressing and solution annealing. The effect...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-packed hp horsepower HAZ heat-affected zone HB Brinell hardness HCF high-cycle fatigue HDPE high-density polyethylene HIC hydrogen-induced cracking HIP hot isostatic pressing/pressed HIPS high-impact polystyrene HR Rockwell hardness (requires scale desig- nation, such as HRC for Rockwell C hard- ness...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stress. Fig. 1 Typical crack defects found on ceramic ball surfaces under ultraviolet light. (a) Star defect. (b) Pressing defect. (c) Single ring crack. (d) Double ring cracks Ring crack initiation load of hot isostatically pressed (HIP) silicon nitride bearing balls was experimentally...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... These defects represent pre-existing surfaces or cracks within the component, where incomplete solidification occurred during the casting process. These defects are common to modern aluminum castings, even high purity castings that undergo hot isostatic pressing (HIP). The presence of these defects throughout...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are addressed by various mitigation strategies that include: Design strategies/rules to accommodate AM process constraints Modeling Condition monitoring (sometimes in situ during building) Postprocessing, particularly hot isostatic pressing Postprocessing by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Shrinkage porosity can be closed by hot isostatic pressing ( Fig. 31 ). Fig. 31 (a) Aluminum casting exhibiting shrinkage porosity. (b) Scanning electron microscope image of shrinkage porosity Alloy Segregation Alloy segregation is the nonuniform distribution of alloying elements, causing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... from corrosion, including coating degradation, is excessive. Grain-boundary attack and/or pitting by oxidation/hot corrosion is excessive. Foreign object damage is severe. Destructive sampling and testing indicate life exhaustion. Excessive deformation has occurred due to creep, causing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... used in the laboratory portion of the failure investigation are mentioned in the failure examples. The topics covered are creep, localized overheating, thermal-mechanical fatigue, high-cycle fatigue, fretting wear, erosive wear, high-temperature oxidation, hot corrosion, liquid metal embrittlement...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ( Fig. 5 ). Microhardness and miniature tensile test results indicated lower strength consistent with the absence of the coarse gamma prime constituent. The blade vendor found that the lot of hot isostatically pressed (HIP) blade castings had been exposed to an improper atmosphere during the HIP process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of cold-worked electrolytic tough pitch copper. Crack growth direction is from upper right to lower left, and specimen was tested at relatively high stress. Fig. 36 (a) Coarse and (b) fine striated morphology observed on fatigue of a hot isostatically pressed titanium alloy. Source: Ref 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... (a) Coarse and (b) fine striated morphology observed on fatigue of a hot isostatically pressed titanium alloy. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 37 Two views at different magnifications showing fatigue appearance characteristic of many steels. Striations are not resolved or are ill-defined. Quenched...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of useful properties, such as hot hardness, corrosion resistance, particle cycling, and surface durability. For higher working temperatures, some cobalt-enriched hot isostatic pressing materials, such as Stellite 19PM and 25PM, also have been used with success. Group V and its different material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... John V. , Introduction to Engineering Materials , 3rd ed. , Industrial Press , 1992 10.1007/978-1-349-21976-6 3. Miller B.A. , Materials Selection for Failure Prevention , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 24 10.31399...