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high-temperature oxidation

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Thermal fatigue fracture (Other, general, or unspecified) distortion High-temperature corrosion and oxidation An experimental high-temperature rotary valve was found stuck in the housing due to growth and distortion after approximately 100 h. Gas temperatures were suspected to have been high due to...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Udimet 520 Creep fracture/stress rupture Thermal fatigue fracture High-temperature corrosion and oxidation This case history illustrates how to evaluate creep, oxidation, and TMF in a first-stage gas turbine blade. Often, it is necessary to estimate the temperature and the applied stress to...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... pressures of the gases within the duct, combined with the high temperatures, facilitated nitrogen pickup. No recommendations were made. Intergranular precipitation Oxidation Spalling Inconel 317 UNS N06617 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation The presence of carbides and carbonitrides in...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of high-temperature oxidation on the hot corrosion process. Preventative measures are also discussed. gas turbine thermal fatigue cracking hot corrosion superalloys corrosion cavities spark optical emission spectrometry operating temperature GTD 111 (cast nickel-base superalloy) FSX 414...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... Diglio M.R. , Straube H. , Spiradek K. , Degischer H.P. , in: Proc. of COST-Conf. Liège on “High-temperature materials for power engineering ( 1990 ) p. 545 7. Steen M. , Ghent State University, doctoral thesis ( 1986 ) 8. Heerings J. , TNO Industrial Research...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... visual inspection. It was observed that crack 1 and 2 were covered with high-temperature oxidation products which revealed that the surfaces had been separated for quite some time. A very high discontinuity stress which existed at the longitudinal welds between the hot well and the heater shell was...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... coatings that improve performance of superalloy. diffusion gas turbines high-temperature coatings high-temperature corrosion interdiffusion oxidation superalloys WHEN CORROSION FAILURES OCCUR at high temperatures (300 to 1700 °C, or 570 to 3090 °F), the unscheduled outages result in loss...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in the dip tube. Figure 22 shows part of the remaining cone material removed for characterization. Metallurgical sections through this cone plate material indicated that the damage was predominately due to high-temperature oxidation and erosion. In addition, there were isolated regions that showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fracture/stress rupture References 1. Stirling B. , “High Temperature Alloys—Failure, Inspections and Repair Techniques,” Technical Paper, Imperial Chemical Industries , Cleveland, U.K. , Oct 1986 , p 405 – 414 . 2. Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Recuperators Sulfurization X10CrAl 7 Fe-0.37C-26Cr Fe-0.29C-26Cr High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Pipes 42.25 × 3.25 mm from a blast furnace gas fired recuperator for the preheating of air were heavily oxidized and perforated in places. Depending on the load the temperature of the combustion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... 1 ( 2005 ) 8. Trindade V. , Christ H.-J. , Krupp U. , Grain-size effects on the high-temperature oxidation behavior of chromium steels . Oxid. Met . 73 , 551 – 563 ( 2010 ) 10.1007/s11085-010-9192-8 9. Quadakkers W.J. , Żurek J. , Hänsel M...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... heavy layer of high temperature oxide suggests that the design metal temperature (543°C) was exceeded in a section of the superheater outlet tubes. Whether this was due to steam flow restriction or to differential heating of the superheater due to preferential hot gas flow is not known. Because steam...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... evaluations, the creep cavitation damage assessment, the oxide-scale-based life prediction, and high-temperature crack growth methods. coating evaluation creep cavitation damage assessment elevated-temperature failure gas turbine blade hardness testing high-temperature crack growth methods life...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0046995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... Recommendations included replacing the material with an alloy, such as RA 333, with a higher chromium content and with an additional element, like silicon, resistant to carburization-oxidation. Carburizing Heat treating furnaces Tubes Hastelloy X UNS N06002 RA 333 UNS N06333 High-temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... selected was therefore unsuitable for the stress to be anticipated. In view of the required oxidation resistance, a chromium-silicon or chromium-aluminum steel with 6 or 13% Cr would have been adequate (Materials Nos. 1.4712 or 1.4713, or 1.4722 or 1.4724, respectively). If the high temperature strength of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... fourth was severely hammered. It was concluded that the high temperatures developed in this engine created an environment too severe for 357 aluminum. Surfaces were so hot that the low-melting constituent melted. Then, the alloy oxidized rapidly to form Al2O3, an abrasive which further aggravated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... heating Scale (corrosion) Voids 80Ni-20Cr High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Heating elements, consisting of strips, 40 mm × 2 mm, of the widely used resistance heating alloy with 80% Ni and 20% Cr, and designed to withstand a temperature of 1175°C, were rendered unusable by scaling after a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... upon formation of tight oxide layers are not stable. Heat distributing units Heating coils Overheating 80Ni-20Cr High-temperature corrosion and oxidation A coil made of the nickel-chromium alloy NiCr 80 20 (Material No. 2.4869) with approx. 80 % Ni and 20% Cr had burnt through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090881
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A power plant using two steam generators (vertical U-tube and shell heat exchangers, approximately 21 m (68 ft) high with a steam drum diameter of 6 m (20 ft)) experienced a steam generator tube rupture. Each steam generator contained 11,012 Inconel alloy 600 (nickel-base alloy) tubes...