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high-strength nickel alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... subjected to sinusoidal load fluctuations at 6.7 Hz in air, 3% NaCl solution, and natural sea water are described. Reinforcement types studied included: hot-rolled mild steel bar, hot-rolled alloyed high strength bar, cold-worked high strength bar, galvanized bar of all these three types, nickel-clad bar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0046205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract The splined shaft (1040 steel, heat treated to a hardness of 44 to 46 HRC and a tensile strength of approximately 1448 MPa, or 210 ksi) from a front-end loader used in a salt-handling area broke after being in service approximately two weeks while operating at temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Nickel-Base Superalloys Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys Hydrogen damage occurs occasionally in aluminum and aluminum alloys, but it is not usually a serious problem. When a high-strength aluminum alloy is cathodically charged, its ductility is reduced. Hydrogen embrittlement of aluminum alloys can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... alloys 825, G and G-3, and alloy 20Cb3, as well as austenitic nickel-base alloys with correspondingly high iron contents. Large reductions in the ductility of nickel-base alloys due to hydrogen embrittlement have been observed at strain rates near 10 −4 to 10 −6 s −1 . Only when the strength level...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of notch sensitivity. In select service conditions, the amount of deformation is not critical, and relatively high rupture ductility can be used in design. Under such conditions, with the combined uncertainties of actual stress, temperature, and strength, it could be important that failure not occur...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., but they may reduce impact strength. Indirectly, compositional changes in the vicinity of carbides can alter rupture strength. In general, acicular M 6 C carbides are not believed to affect the properties of nickel-base high-temperature alloys greatly, unless the alloying elements involved in the carbide...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , 81 ). Results have led to a number of intermetallic alloys (usually aluminides of iron, nickel, and titanium) with low densities, relatively high melting points, a useful degree of ductility, and high-temperature strength. These materials are useful in high-temperature applications, particularly...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion damage, and coating degradation. Strengthening Mechanisms Almost all of the alloys used in industrial gas turbine blades belong to the family of precipitation-hardened alloys. High creep, tensile, and fatigue strengths are achieved in superalloys by a variety of strengthening mechanisms...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... UNS designation is typically between C95200 and C95900. Because of the high aluminum content, NAB alloys generally have very high corrosion resistance in seawater, chlorides, and dilute acids. Additional corrosion resistance is obtained with the use of nickel, which also increases the alloy’s yield...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Prevention of Corrosion , 2nd ed. , Prentice-Hall Inc. , 1996 , p 257 – 258 28. Cohen A. , Corrosion of Copper and Copper Alloys , Corrosion: Materials , Vol 13B , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2005 29. Briant C.L. et al. , Embrittlement of a 5% Nickel High Strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... for austenitic material with a large grain size. The creep rates can be decreased 100-fold more by using solution annealed, high carbon alloy 304H. The use of profile wires with a grain size of ASTM 5 or larger and a carbon content of 0.06 to 0.10% would optimize the creep strength at 0.02%/1000 h for a stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are anodic to the main body of the metal and therefore less resistant to corrosion because of precipitated phases, depletion, enrichment, or adsorption. In wrought high-strength heat treatable aluminum alloys, paths of stress-corrosion cracks are always intergranular, because the thermal treatments...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... forms of environmentally induced embrittlement of the grain boundaries include neutron embrittlement, SMIE, and LMIE. Intergranular fracture processes, whether hydrogen or stress-corrosion enhanced, are frequently observed in high-strength steels, aluminum alloys, and nickel-base alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and industries that have experienced SCC failures include (this list is not exhaustive): Aerospace: Aluminum alloys in structural aircraft components such as landing gear and wing components, stainless steel tubing used as part of the hydraulic or fuel systems, high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... piece of mining equipment. The vehicle was fabricated from ASTM A 572 Grade 50 High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) steel, ranging in thickness from 38 to 152 mm. Fatigue fracture was found to have initiated in a weld HAZ in 127 mm thick plate. The plate met the grade specifications and calculation revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Sulfurization Nicrofer 3718 Incoloy 800 UNS N08800 Nicrofer 3220-H Incoloy 800H UNS N08810 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Background A sinter belt used in a sinter furnace of the curing of nickel briquettes stretched and fractured after only 6 months of service. Applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... aggravated problems. The temperature in much of the piston was high enough to cause softening by overaging, lowering strength. Automotive engines Overheating Pistons Softening 357 UNS A03570 Thermal fatigue fracture Mixed-mode fracture High-temperature corrosion and oxidation The sustained...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Effects of Hydrogen on the Properties of Iron and Steel , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11 , 1980 , p 861 10.1007/BF02654700 56. Scully J.R. , Dogan H. , Li D. , and Gangloff R. , “ Controlling Hydrogen Embrittlement in Ultra-High Strength Steels ,” Paper 04563, Corrosion/2004...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... compatibility of materials, High-alloy ferritic steels: duplex stainless steels (code 1600) , Sandia National Laboratories Report , Sep 2008 , pp. 1600 – 1601 2. Yagodzinskyy Y. , Todoshchenko O. , Papula S. , Hänninen H. , Steel Res. Int . 82 ( 1 ), 20 ( 2011 ) 10.1002/srin...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was exposed to incipient melting and that the temperature approached 1100 °C during its service. This high temperature led to loss of properties and degradation of the material. Incipient melting reduces grain boundary strength and ductility and is consistent with the macro- and microscopic observations...