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high-strength carbon steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...Abstract Abstract Mechanical properties of wire ropes, their chemical composition, and the failure analysis process for them are described. The wires are manufactured from high-carbon, plain carbon steel, with high-strength ropes most often manufactured from AISI Grade 1074. During visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... steel tooth. Given the small critical crack sizes characteristic of ultrahigh-strength materials, it is generally unwise to weld them. It is particularly inadvisable to hardface ultrahigh-strength steel parts with hard, brittle, crack-prone materials when high service stresses will be encountered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... steel tooth. Given the small critical crack sizes characteristic of ultrahigh-strength materials, it is generally unwise to weld them. It is particularly inadvisable to hardface ultrahigh-strength steel parts with hard, brittle, crack-prone materials when high service stresses will be encountered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... branching. Evaluation indicated the cracks were localized in an area of high cyclic stresses as a consequence of geometrical constraints on the piping and unsupported cantilever loads. No cracks were found elsewhere in the pipe. In the absence of highly localized service stresses (exceeding yield strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that the gearbox shaft was made of low alloy SAE 4340 [ 4 ] which is considered to have excellent notch toughness, which is in anomaly compared with other high strength steels. Tempered martensitic microstructure (see Fig. 3a ) revealed by metallography on gearbox shaft materials suggests that the shaft was heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A fracture mechanics based failure analysis and life prediction of a large centrifugal fan made from low-carbon, medium-strength steel was undertaken following shortcomings in attempts to explain its fatigue life from start stop cycles alone. Measurements of the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... indicated that the material was patented and cold-drawn high-carbon steel wire. The distorted spring had a hardness of 43 HRC, and the longer spring had a hardness of 46 HRC. Both hardness and microstructure indicated that the material in the deformed spring had 10% lower yield strength than material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... everywhere over the range of cooling rates results in the increase of strength and reduction of ductility with the increase of carbon content in wheel steels. In order to obtain high fracture resistance, the microstructure uniformity and pearlite dispersity must be raised. 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... for austenitic material with a large grain size. The creep rates can be decreased 100-fold more by using solution annealed, high carbon alloy 304H. The use of profile wires with a grain size of ASTM 5 or larger and a carbon content of 0.06 to 0.10% would optimize the creep strength at 0.02%/1000 h for a stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of elongated inclusions on the mechanical properties of high strength steel plate , in Sulfide Inclusions in Steel: Proceedings of an International Symposium , American Society for Metals , 1975 4. Bellot J. , Gantois M. , The influence of ‘sulfide-type’ inclusions on the mechanical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... energies for explosive cladding of Inconel 625 on plain carbon steel can fail the cladding procedure due to a significant drop in adhesion strength. Results indicate that by raising the impact energy above 102 kJ, the response of steel side to high strain rate deformation shifts from a homogenous mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... grade 8 high-strength steel fasteners that failed on installation. (b) Necking and stretching between adjacent thread crests are evident on a cross section. Unetched. Original magnification: 8.9× Metallographic examination revealed a relatively uniform martensitic microstructure. Minor laps were...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... grade 8 high-strength steel fasteners that failed on installation. (b) Necking and stretching between adjacent thread crests are evident on a cross section. Unetched. 8.9× Metallographic study revealed a relatively uniform martensitic microstructure. Minor laps were apparent at the thread crests...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... piece of mining equipment. The vehicle was fabricated from ASTM A 572 Grade 50 High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) steel, ranging in thickness from 38 to 152 mm. Fatigue fracture was found to have initiated in a weld HAZ in 127 mm thick plate. The plate met the grade specifications and calculation revealed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., enters the metal, diffuses to the crack tip region, and causes propagation by hydrogen stress cracking. This mechanism is no doubt involved in the environmental embrittlement of high-hardness, high-strength carbon, alloy, and stainless steels. While each of these mechanisms explains some...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
..., while shear requires a high energy level to occur. When discussing the toughness of steel, it is necessary to consider grain size and carbon level as significant variables. The majority of the segregated samples tested had an undesirable grain size and carbon level, which resulted in poor charpy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... be the primary mechanism of fracture. It is well known that SCC and HC of carbon steels are favored by high yield strengths where the hydrogen embrittlement mechanism is operative ( 10 , 11 ). In fact, hydrogen induced HC or SCC in carbon or lower alloy steels is seldom encountered for yield strengths less...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... = 2 h. (b) Assume t = ∞. The following are recommendations with respect to the tempering process ( Ref 4 ): Generally, the higher the tempering temperature, the greater the resulting ductility and toughness. However, this is at the expense of strength and hardness. High-carbon steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and original beam dimensions, divided by yield strength. Fig. 6 Valve springs made from patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire. Distorted outer spring (a) exhibited approximately 25% set because of proeutectoid ferrite in the microstructure and high operating temperature. Outer spring (b...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the microstructure indicated that the material was patented and cold-drawn high-carbon steel wire. The distorted spring had a hardness of 43 HRC, and the longer spring had a hardness of 46 HRC. Both hardness and microstructure indicated that the material in the deformed spring had 10% lower yield strength than...