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high-alloy white iron

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A high-chromium white cast iron shell liner installed in an ore crusher sustained impact damage in the course of operation. Visual-optical examination revealed horizontal cracks on the surface of the liner along with particles that had fractured off. Metallographic examination...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... crushers, and earth-moving tools, the manganese steels have been partially displaced by low-alloy quenched-and-tempered steels and martensitic white irons ( Ref 10 ). High-stress, or grinding, abrasion occurs when abrasive particles are compressed between two solid surfaces, as, for example, between...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... have been partially displaced by low-alloy quenched-and-tempered steels and martensitic white irons ( Ref 10 ). High-stress, or grinding, abrasion occurs when abrasive particles are compressed between two solid surfaces, as, for example, between grinding rods or balls. The high-stress abrasion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...: Iron, Steel and High Performance Alloys . Metals Handbook , 10th edn. , vol 1 ( American Society for Metals , Materials Park , 1990 ), pp. 126 – 139 Selected References Selected References • Becker W.T. , Mechanisms and Appearances of Ductile and Brittle Fracture in Metal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., iron (III) oxides + residual anaerobic corrosion products 2–5 (a) (a) This very high corrosion rate may not be sustained beyond the period of secondary oxidation of the anaerobic site. The presence of a hard, white, calcium carbonate scale is good evidence that effective CP potentials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Wear of Metals at High Sliding Speeds , Wear , Vol 44 , 1977 , p 109 – 126 10.1016/0043-1648(77)90089-8 33. Rice S.L. , Nowotny H. , and Wayne S.F. , Specimen Counterface Bulk Hardness Effects in Impact Wear of 17-4 PH Steel Pairs , Wear , Vol 103 ( No. 2 ), 1985 , p...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... must possess both high toughness and excellent wear resistance [ 2 ]. While pearlitic white cast iron, martensitic cast iron, and austenitic manganese steel are all abrasion-resistant materials, martensitic cast irons may wear more slowly than the other materials under heavy blows or high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... opposite to the platen) is preferred, because the slurry stays on the cloth better, although this does not work if the head rotates at a high number of revolutions per minute (>90). Examples of generic preparation practices for many metals and alloys are found in Tables 2 to 4 . Generic four-step...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.../s11085-010-9192-8 9. Quadakkers W.J. , Żurek J. , Hänsel M. , Effect of water vapor on high temperature oxidation of FeCr alloys . J. Miner. Metals Mater. Soc . 61 ( 7 ), 44 – 50 ( 2009 ) 10.1007/s11837-009-0102-y 10. Mobin M. , Malik A.U. , Al-Hajri M...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...:1 CO/CO2 ratio. Metallographic investigations revealed that the surface of the attacked pipes consisted of (Cr, Fe) carbide. The metal dusting was the result of a decomposition process (CO to CO2 + C) that deposited C on the pipe surface. Because of the high temperature, the C subsequently diffused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... wrap coating on a buried pipeline in wet, anaerobic, high-clay soil features soft, black corrosion products rich in iron sulfide, FeS, and iron carbonate, FeCO 3 , overlying severe pitting. Fig. 4 Overlapping pits associated with corrosion by sulfate-reducing bacteria under iron sulfide/iron...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) Hardness testing was performed on Mount A at the locations shown in Figs. 7 and 8 (at hardness locations A–D); see Table 2 for results of the testing. The hardness in the white portion of Mount A (Region 1) was ~800 HK, which is consistent with the high hardness of eutectic iron. Region 1 must have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., investigators concluded the pipe was contaminated with copper at the mill were it was produced. line pipe cracks copper contamination high-strength low-alloy pipe steel copper entrapment SEM backscattered electron analysis bend ductility API 5L X65 PSL2 (high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to use cold pig iron and steel scrap to make steel in an acid-lined open hearth furnace until 1919. 5 From the composition of the steel used to construct the RMS Titanic given in Table 2 , namely the high sulfur and high phosphorus content, it is apparent that it was made in an acid-lined furnace...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... are characterized by a “shell” (or chill) of alloy cast iron and a softer core of gray/nodular iron. During service, these rolls may fail prematurely owing to improper mill operating environment and/or inadequacies in roll material quality. The problem of such failures is relatively more acute in modern high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... grain dimensions Severe roughness, high pressure molding defect D 130: Grooves on the casting surface D 131 Grooves of various lengths, often branched, with smooth bottoms and edges Buckle D 132 Grooves up to 5.1 mm (0.2 in.) in depth, one edge forming a fold which more or less...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in cold-working and hot-working applications. It reviews problems introduced during mechanical design, materials selection, machining, heat treating, finish grinding, and tool and die operation. The brittle fracture of rehardened high-speed steels is also considered. Finally, failures due to seams or laps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the Service Life of Tool Steels and High Speed Steels , Tool and Alloy Steels , Vol 8 , 1974 , p 23 – 32 • Sullivan J.W. , Preventing Failures in Cold Forming Tools—Heat Treatment and Design , ASM Met. Eng. Q. , Vol 13 , Feb 1973 , p 31 – 41 • The Tool Steel Troubleshooter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... melting practices. The high concentration of segregation zones was the primary cause of failure. The raw material had been examined and found acceptable prior to forging. Stray zones of segregated copper-rich particles probably could not be differentiated from the normal constituents under low-power...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., nickel, or both are sometimes added to increase strength. Aluminum bronzes have iron, nickel, silicon, and manganese as the principal alloying elements. The hardness of these alloys may range to 240 HB. They have excellent shock resistance and will operate at comparatively high temperatures...