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health and environmental hazards

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... sophistication in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and unanticipated service conditions. In safety- and health-critical systems, federal regulations often require inspection programs. For example, periodic inspection (or condition assessment) of pressure vessels, tanks, and piping that store or transport hazardous substances is required by federal law under OSHA...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... judgment. Latent roots lead us to the causes of the human error and include roots that are organizational or procedural in nature, as well as environmental or other roots that are outside the realm of control. These levels or root cause are best defined by the two examples in Table 2 . Examples of root...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of reconstruction. The following are examples of codes and standards commonly referenced by personnel involved with reconstruction: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards for construction and industrial accidents American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards for products...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... by radionuclides emitting alpha radiation may also be present on components. This condition generally indicates contamination from the nuclear fuel and its daughter products. Because alpha emitters can pose a significant health hazard if ingested, components with significant alpha contamination require remote...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., codes, and standards. The knowledge of codes and standards is necessary to all types of reconstruction. Examples of codes and standards commonly referenced by personnel involved with reconstruction are: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards for construction and industrial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to plant personnel, reducing environmental discharges, and reducing costs associated with equipment downtime and loss of production. Conducting failure analyses can help companies meet industry and regulatory code and standard requirements, including Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mechanism such as fatigue, overload, corrosion, environmentally assisted cracking, and so forth. The material is then examined in relation to the design specifications for noncompliance in chemistry, composition, or structure. It is not uncommon for the wrong material to have been used in an application...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and the objective is to determine what the material can reveal about the cause of failure. This type of failure analysis, as discussed in this Volume, consists of first evaluating the failed material for evidence of the failure mechanism, such as fatigue, overload, corrosion, environmentally assisted cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2