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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the three legal theories on which a products liability lawsuit is based and the issues of hazard, risk, and danger in the context of liability. It describes manufacturing and design defects of various products. The article explains a design that is analyzed from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract The fatigue failure of a wire rope used on a skip hoist in an underground mine has been studied as part of the ongoing research by the Bureau of Mines into haulage and materials handling hazards in mines. Macroscopic correlation of individual wire failures with wear patterns...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of the injuries sustained by the driver. The faulty welds in the unit body were apparently a consequence of improper settings of parameters on a multihead electrical resistance spot welding machine. Lack of appreciation of the hazard associated with failure of this weldment may have contributed to the low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... about the dangers or hazards to which the product user may have been exposed during intended use. In such litigation, the plaintiff may retain engineering expert witnesses to support the allegation of a product defect, to establish that the plaintiff’s conduct was reasonable, and to argue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be considered throughout the design process, not just at the end. Specific guidelines for safety should be addressed during the embodiment design, such as the safety hierarchy ( Ref 8 ). Techniques such as safe-life design, fail-safe design, redundant design, and hazard analysis ( Ref 3 , 7 ) must...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-life design, fail-safe design, redundant design, and hazard analysis ( Ref 4 , 5 ) must be considered as integral parts of the product development, and not simply as “add-ons” at the end of the project. Safety considerations and hazard analysis in design are discussed further in the articles “Safety...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... include failure mode and effects analysis, failure mode, effect, and criticality analysis, fault tree analysis, and fault hazard analysis. These formalized methodologies use systematic evaluation and sophisticated computer programs to predict failure in complicated designs and can be an invaluable aid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be catastrophic. These methods include failure mode and effects analysis, failure mode effect and criticality analysis, fault tree analysis, and fault hazard analysis. These formalized methodologies use systematic evaluation and sophisticated computer programs to predict failure in complicated designs and can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001584
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... nitrate solution to backflow into the sparger and remain trapped there. We believe that every ammonium nitrate producer who operates a large neutralizer similar to that at Terra/Port Neal, with titanium nitric acid spargers, should conduct a detailed process hazards analysis of this specific equipment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... factors contributing to the accident were identified by the EPA and OSHA. In an effort to avoid other accidents with these chemicals, below we summarize three of the root causes given in the EPA/OSHA report as contributing to the accident. An inadequate hazards analysis was conducted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to decreasing pumping efficiency, the leaks resulted in the formation of ice on the platforms in cold weather, thus creating a safety hazard. The leaks were caused by excessive sleeve wear that resulted from the presence of fine, abrasive silt in the river water. The silt, which contained hard particles...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Denny R.B. , Small L.M. , and Williams I. : “ Fire Engulfment Tests of a 5 Tonne LPG Tank ,” J. Hazard. Mater. , 1988 , 20 , pp. 55 – 71 10.1016/0304-3894(88)87006-7 . 5. Birk A.M. : “ Thermal Protection of Pressure Vessels by Internal Wall Cooling During Pressure Relief...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... susceptibility to brittle fracture. A change in process operating conditions increases the possibility of low metal temperatures. The equipment is being refurbished, repurposed, repaired, or altered. A process hazard assessment or hazard and operability analysis indicates the possibility of process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... appearance transition tempera- ture fcc face-centered cubic FCAW flux cored arc welding FDA Food and Drug Administration FEA finite element analysis FFS fit for service FHA fault hazard analysis Fig. figure FMEA failure modes and effects analysis FMECA failure modes, effects, and criticality analysis FRP...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 840 ­ 868 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001097 Visual Examination Introduction Failure Background SEM/EDS Chemical Analysis Discussion XRD Summary Tin Pest and RoHS On 1 July 2006, a new directive, the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS), took effect [ 3...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of accident scene would require substantial documentation. Fig. 2 Remains surrounding an industrial facility after a fire and explosion A safety evaluation is necessary prior to any investigative work being performed on the scene. Examples of potential safety hazards at accident scenes include...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... a safety analysis, including reasonably foreseeable use and misuse of equipment, Be aware of and take full account of applicable codes and standards, Prepare users and maintenance manuals carefully, and in detail, and Warn against hazards as appropriate. Selected References Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... analysis, etc., Conduct appropriate tests, Conduct a safety analysis, including reasonably foreseeable use and misuse of equipment, Be aware of and take full account of applicable codes and standards, Prepare users and maintenance manuals carefully, and in detail, and Warn against hazards...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0089567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... surface discontinuities. These imperfections were not removed by grinding. This component is subjected to internal steam pressure to provide heat energy for drying. Because the vessel is under pressure, a crack could present a safety hazard; therefore, it was removed from service for evaluation...