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hazard identification

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., probably to an extent that is not readily apparent to most engineers. Failure analysis augments the development process by real-time identification of design inadequacies, providing opportunities for optimization. Finding the root cause of a failure also often takes as much imagination as the original...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... intertwined, probably to an extent that is not readily apparent to most engineers. Failure analysis augments the development process by real-time identification of design inadequacies, providing opportunities for optimization. Finding the root cause of a failure also often takes as much imagination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of the inboard seals has radial fissures, indicated by arrows in Figure 10 , and circumferential grooving is visible from about the 11:30 to 2:00 o'clock positions on the graphite seal. Less pronounced grooving is also visible on the seal from approximately 3:00 to 6:00 o'clock. The seals have identification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... susceptibility to brittle fracture. A change in process operating conditions increases the possibility of low metal temperatures. The equipment is being refurbished, repurposed, repaired, or altered. A process hazard assessment or hazard and operability analysis indicates the possibility of process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... testing to simulate large, catastrophic, or costly accidents, such as building collapses or explosions, are usually not possible due to cost and/or hazard limitations. The economics of an accident often dictate the degree of testing that can be performed. Although full-scale testing is not always feasible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is necessary prior to any investigative work being performed on the scene. Examples of potential safety hazards at accident scenes include heavy traffic at an automobile accident scene, the presence of energized/exposed electrical conductors in a structure, unstable structures at a structural failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... presented. degradation mechanisms failure analysis hydrogen cracking pipeline flaws steel transmission pipelines HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, such as liquid petroleum products and natural gas, are typically transported via truck, rail, sea, and/or pipeline. Of these different transportation modes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... consideration of the valve materials would eliminate this failure mode. (At least it would eliminate this cause of the failure mode; there could be other causes.) An analysis of the pilot light would reveal the hazard if it fails (i.e., it is not lit) and the gas is on. This failure mode cannot readily...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... nucleating sites, fragmented. Comparison of Microindentation Hardness of AISI 4130 Steel and AISI 440C Stainless Steel Blank Firing Adapters Table 1 Comparison of Microindentation Hardness of AISI 4130 Steel and AISI 440C Stainless Steel Blank Firing Adapters Identification Diamond Pyramid...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... commonly crack through sharp corners, even when carefully handled during heat treatment. Improper heat treatment raises the hazard. With oil-hardening types, tool makers can avoid cracking in a die with a sharp corner by putting a generous fillet in the corner and then grinding the fillet out after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... A concise problem-solving model, adapted from several of the referenced authors, and that has specific applicability to this Volume, is depicted in Fig. 2 . The continuous, circular format in the graphic is significant, indicating that the process reinitiates with the identification of a new problem...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., is depicted in Fig. 2 . The continuous, circular format in the graphic is significant, indicating that the process reinitiates with the identification of a new problem or problems brought to light as a result of the first problem-solving activity. Note the similarity to the classical scientific method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Selection, identification, preservation, and/or cleaning of critical specimens Macroscopic examination and analysis with the unaided eye and using magnifying lenses Field metallography or microstructural analysis Comparison of the subject components/equipment with similar or identical components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and equipment will require the investigator to adapt to the needs of the industry. Furthermore, the failure investigator role has expanded from providing accurate identification of life-limiting failure mechanisms and degradation phenomena to also providing a timeline for degradation or damage, and crack growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... data collection and preparation. Before discussing the identification, evaluation, and use of explosion damage indicators, the article describes some of the more common events that are considered in incident investigations. The range of scenarios that can occur during explosions and the characteristics...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract The fatigue failure of a wire rope used on a skip hoist in an underground mine has been studied as part of the ongoing research by the Bureau of Mines into haulage and materials handling hazards in mines. Macroscopic correlation of individual wire failures with wear patterns...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., analysts, etc., who made contributions during an investigation can be acknowledged for their efforts. References for any work from other authors should be cited in the report. Two major formats for citations, or referencing work, are the number-identification system and the author-date system...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... growth and failure during a burst pressure test of the vessel. Chemical Analysis and Identification Table 1 provides a representative chemical analysis of five samples from the various locations represented by the seven fragments selected in this analysis. Fragments 3-shell and 12 come from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was significantly hotter than 1,425 ┬░C. These findings are consistent with the identification of the deposits found on the top hat resulting from melting and oxidation of the cone plate. This gasifier incident occurred because a hole formed in the dip tube wall, allowing hot syngas to directly escape without...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are also presented. The article introduces several frequently used methods for solder joint failure detection, prevention, and isolation (identification for the failed location). failure analysis solder alloys solder joints soldering SOLDERS OR SOLDER ALLOYS are well-known metal-based...