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hardness testing

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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Low load Vickers hardness test with test load of 500 gf in the segregation region shown in Fig. 3 weaker etch than in Fig. 3 ). 200 × More
Image
Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 10 The result of hardness test More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... techniques and discusses the advantages and limitations of each technique when used in failure analysis. The focus is on various types of static load testing, hardness testing, and impact testing. The testing types covered include uniaxial tension testing, uniaxial compression testing, bend testing, hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Fig. 11 Hardness distribution for carbonitrided and hardened specimen Fig. 1 Exploded view of drive shaft Fig. 2 Bearing cup, good and failed parts Fig. 3 Block diagram of endurance testing machine Fig. 4 Endurance testing machine Fig. 5 Load testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A bomb retaining ring fabricated from type 302 stainless steel unwrapped during a practice flight, causing the bomb fins to deploy. The retaining ring was able to unwrap itself because it was thinner and softer than required. Hardness testing, metallography, and tensile testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 0.467 0.518 6 o’clock 0.465 0.551 9 o’clock 0.467 0.472 Average 0.467 0.505 Results of hardness testing performed on the mounted cross section Table 2 Results of hardness testing performed on the mounted cross section Hardness locations Hardness Mount A a (Knoop...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... for examination. Analysis (visual inspection, manual testing of the hardness and adherence of the chromium plating, 100x microscopic examination, and hardness testing) supported the conclusions that high localized loads on the cylinder had resulted in chipping of the chromium plating, particles of which became...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Map of hardness of outside surface of piece 5-1-D, compiled from hardness measurements using Rockwell hardness tests (subsequently, converted to Knoop hardness) and Knoop hardness measurements. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0089716
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... identified but were generally classified as semi-killed carbon steels. Investigation (visual inspection, hardness testing, chemical analysis, Charpy V-notch testing, and drop-weight testing) supported the conclusions that the fracture was initiated by weld imperfections and propagated in a brittle manner...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Samples for SEM fractography, EDS analysis, and metallography were taken at the crack initiation site. Hardness testing produced a value of approximately 27 HRC. The examinations clearly established that the shaft failed by fatigue. The fatigue crack originated at a localized region on the outside surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001906
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Suspension lugs fabricated from AISI 4340 steel used to facilitate loading of bombs onto the underside of military aircraft could not sustain required loads during routine proof load testing. Three failed lugs underwent visual examination, chemical analysis, metallography, hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0092122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...) with a recommended maximum angle of inclination of 75 deg (15 deg from vertical). Investigation (visual inspection, hardness testing, metallographic examination, stress analysis, and tensile tests) supported the conclusion that the side rails of the ladders buckled when subjected to loads that produced stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... electron microscope fractographs, hardness testing, and electrical conductivity testing) supported the conclusions that the failure was caused by fatigue cracks originating on the inside curved surface of the flanges. The cracks had initiated in surface defects caused by either corrosion pitting or forming...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... occurred in welded joints and in unwelded portions of the bellows. The bellows were made by forming the convolution halves from stainless steel sheet, then welding the convolutions together. Evidence from visual examination, liquid penetrant inspection chemical analysis, hardness tests, and metallographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0092142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... attachment. The bolt was fabricated from PH13-8Mo stainless steel heat treated to have an ultimate tensile strength of 1517 to 1655 MPa (220 to 240 ksi). A water-soluble coolant was used in drilling the bolt hole where this fastener was inserted. Investigation (visual inspection, 265 SEM images, hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... on hardening (coarse grain hardness cracks). The graphic representation of the results of low load hardness tests in Fig. 5 shows the differences in hardness between the segregation zone and the neighbouring fine acicular structure in Fig. 4 . Fig. 4 Low load Vickers hardness test with test load...
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 1 Schematic of the helium storage tank. The areas where samples were taken are indicated: 1, intergranular corrosion testing; 2, hardness testing; 3, microscopy; 4, fractography; 5, residual stress measurements; 6, Chemical analysis More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 15 Life assessment of rotating equipment that has been damaged by exposure to excessive temperatures or loss of lubricant. (a) Journal that overheated because of the loss of lubricating oil. (b) Hardness test results for the heat-damaged region indicated the formation of a hard martensite More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... flat fracture surfaces with no apparent yielding, but the two large segments did show evidence of bending (yielding) near the fractures. In addition, some segments contained fine radial cracks. Analysis (visual inspection, optical microscopy on polished-and-etched specimens, hardness testing...