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hard chromium plating

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Examination of several fighter aircraft main landing gear legs revealed unusual cracking in the hard chromium plating that covered the sliding section of the inner strut. The cracking was associated with cracks in the 35 NCD 16 steel beneath the plating. A detailed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... failure. Microscopic examination revealed that the pin had been hard chromium plated and that the plating followed the curved edge of the outer extremity of the defect. This crank pin contained an inherent defect in the form of a slag inclusion or crack situated at the surface. That the crack only showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of such deposits on the endurance of parts so treated. The following extracts from a Ministry of Supply Specification dealing with chromium-plating of engineering components may be of interest to those readers who do not happen to be acquainted with it. The specification in question is entitled: “Hard Chromium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... submitted for examination. Analysis (visual inspection, manual testing of the hardness and adherence of the chromium plating, 100x microscopic examination, and hardness testing) supported the conclusions that high localized loads on the cylinder had resulted in chipping of the chromium plating, particles...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... showed that the discoloration on the cylinder was associated with metal oxidation products coated with a thin oil film. One of the recommendations was to plate the OD of the cylinder with hard chromium to increase its resistance to erosion. Another recommendation was to reduce the amounts of water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... provided at about the mid-length, in an attempt to avoid resonant conditions. Measures of a palliative nature can be introduced by surface treatment of the liners, and in this respect the use of hard chromium plating or chromium plating on nickel has been found to be effective in certain conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ). Microscopic examination ( Fig. 25c ) revealed that the surface at the working face was decarburized to a depth of about 0.05 mm (0.002 in.). The soft zone beneath the hard chromium plating permitted the plating to flex under the influence of the blanking stresses, thus cracking the plating and surface region...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Panvel, Navi-Mumbai, India ( 1992 ) 10.1098/rspb.1992.0160 2. Special Metal Corporation : Special Metals Publication Number SMC-046 . Special Metal Corporation , USA ( 2003 ) 3. ASTM International : Standard Specification for Nickel–Iron–Chromium Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... a profound effect on both the martensite hardness and the steel hardenability. The mathematical estimation for steel surface hardness is based upon carbon content alone. The predominant additional elements of interest in hardenability calculations are manganese, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... heat generation which induced grinding cracks and grinding burn. Tensional stresses resulting from grinding developed in a thin surface layer. On another crankshaft, chromium plating introduced undesirable residual tensile stresses. Such plating is an unsatisfactory finish for crankshafts of aircraft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... insufficient lubrication chromium steel circumferential wear marks peel pits heat tinting fatigue striations SEM imaging fatigue strength 42CrMo (chromium-molybdenum alloy steel) 38CrMoAl (chromium-molybdenum-aluminum alloy steel) Background Investigation Methods Observation Results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... produce a minimum tensile strength of 205 ksi (1413 MPa) and a corresponding minimum hardness of 43 HRC. Processing Chromium plating was carried out on some of the shrink link cylinder and piston surfaces. The shrink link cylinder inner wall was required to be flash chromium plated to a thickness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Three wing flap hinge bearings were received by the laboratory for analysis. The bearings were fabricated from chromium-plated type 440C martensitic stainless steel. The intergranular fracture pattern seen in the electron fractographs, coupled with the corrosion pits observed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...% NaOH solution to be ingested by the unit. Routine magnetic particle inspection revealed numerous cracks in the hub area and vane tips of the second-stage impeller Additionally, the outside surface of the backing plate showed a cyclic pattern of cracks. An overview of a conventional, systematic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... were non-decarburized and were free of chromium deposits. Therefore they could not have existed before heat treatment and chrome plating. It was concluded that the damage was due neither to poor quality of the sheet nor to defective stamping or heat treatment, but had occurred later either during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... not determine which. In other respects, the structure was normal in both areas. The condition of the plate was checked by hardness tests and by measurements of electrical conductivity. Hardness values ranged from 92 to 93 HRB. The electrical-conductivity values extended from 30.8 to 33.5% IACS ( Fig. 1a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., primary carbonitrides For all samples creep damage was observed in the form of non-aligned voids. Near surface voids were also observed, indicating likely chromium depletion. No nitride needles or plates were observed to be present. A hardness profile was determined for the roll samples 1 D...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... sectional microstructure of transition fillet region between the cylinder and the plate: ( a ) general view showing fillet radius and ( b ) microstructure The core hardness of the failed bearing sleeve is HB 278 (average values of five readings), corresponding to the specified value (HB 260–300...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) Depending on fastener design; check with manufacturer. (g) Nickel-plated Asp only. (h) Metallic structure on backside. Source: Ref 1 Specifications Specifications are used to outline fastener requirements, to control the manufacturing process, and to establish functional or performance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and predominantly iron (95%), with minor amounts of titanium (1.2%), chromium (0.70%), and lesser amounts of molybdenum, vanadium, copper, and manganese. The magnetic property of the material and the large percentage of iron indicate that the material was mainly from the iron–chromium–molybdenum cone plate...