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halide-induced corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of several types of failure in which corrosion is a contributing factor. These articles include “Stress-Corrosion Cracking,” “Liquid-Metal and Solid-Metal Induced Embrittlement,” “Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement,” “Corrosive Wear Failures,” “Biological Corrosion Failures,” and “High-Temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and prevention of several types of failures in which corrosion is a contributing factor. These articles include “ Stress-Corrosion Cracking ,” “ Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement ,” “ Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement ,” “ Corrosive Wear Failures ,” “ Biological Corrosion Failures ,” and “ High...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Molten metals Molten salts Aging reactions, such as sensitization Environmental cracking (stress-corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue) The presence of molten salts or metals may induce other mechanisms, such as galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, and pitting corrosion. Impingement...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such situations can markedly decrease. Low-frequency tensile loading, such as occurs during hydrotesting, has been found in some circumstances to enhance stress-corrosion crack growth due to the induced dynamic straining. Stress-corrosion cracking can be produced in most metals under some conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Environmentally induced cracking (EIC) is the term used to describe those forms of corrosion for which the physical manifestation of corrosion is cracking. (Environmentally induced cracking is also known as environmentally assisted cracking and environmental cracking.) Environmentally induced cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the size and location of samples. Mechanical methods of sample removal, such as cutting with a tube cutter, sawing, or drilling, are less likely to alter either the microstructure or the characteristics of steam-side or fire-side scale, deposits, or corrosion products than is flame cutting. Mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking) are discussed under sections for boiler tube failures, molten salts for energy storage, and degradation and failures in gas turbines. The presence of molten salts or metals can induce other secondary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a broader engineering failure. Note that some non-fracture-failure scenarios may ultimately lead to fracture. Wear processes, for example, can ultimately lead to fracture by galling and/or fretting fatigue. Other examples include fatigue crack initiation at surface pits from corrosion, cyclic loading...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... testing (UT) High-frequency vibrations are introduced into sample. Waves are reflected or scattered by discontinuities. In many cases, UT may be used to detect, size, and image flaws. Cracks, laps, thickness/wall thinning, pitting, erosion/corrosion, voids, delamination. Works best on parts...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... environment. Thicker surface deposits from liquid on the surface often crack in a distinctive manner as they dry and result in mud-cracks ( Fig. 11 and 12 ). These mud cracks in the surface deposit may indicate the possibility of an environmentally induced fracture; that is, stress-corrosion cracking (SCC...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the preliminary stages and general procedures, techniques, and precautions employed in the investigation and analysis of metallurgical failures that occur in service. The most common causes of failure characteristics are described for fracture, corrosion...