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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the trends in failure mechanisms and causes. Case Histories Main Landing Gear Truck Beam of a Large Transport Aircraft A main landing gear truck beam from a large transport aircraft fractured on the ground just after refuelling as a result of a circumferential crack located about 0.14 m (5.5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to containing AAR specification M101, should specifically include a note prohibiting weld repairs. Repair welding Transportation applications 4140 Fatigue fracture Joining-related failures Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 1 Copyright © 1992 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... temperatures, and repetitive application of mechanical force on the surface of the hole in the aluminum lug by the attachment pin during landing and ground maneuvering of the aircraft and during gear retraction and extension. Although this particular aluminum alloy is not commonly encountered in the U.S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a diverse project team when performing a root-cause analysis. There are many different types and scopes of aircraft investigations. Governmental investigative agencies may perform failure investigations. For instance, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the United States engages...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Steel Much of the world's production of steel is used in the hot rolled or as-rolled condition. Hot rolled steel is one of the basic raw materials of industry and is transported great distances throughout the world. Usually there is no surface treatment (such as blasting, painting, or galvanizing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... essentially a series of code-reading sorting units at ground level with a large array of horizontal roller conveyors above. Vertical lift conveyors are used to transport plastic trays of sorted mail from ground level up to the horizontal conveyor level, and the reverse. The vertical lifting concept...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... to the one shown in Fig. 1 A. It had seen about five years' service on various building sites and had passed inspection only a few months before it suddenly collapsed during normal operations. The tower, booms, cab, and gear ring fell to the ground from a height of 14 stories. The driver was severely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and the application of preventive measures. The fundamentals of corrosion are described in more detail in Ref 2 . However, as a brief introduction, the electrochemical nature of corrosion can be illustrated by the attack on zinc by hydrochloric acid (HCl). When zinc is placed in dilute hydrochloric acid, a vigorous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... conveyors were required for use in a series of newly automated U.S. mail-sorting facilities. These facilities comprise essentially a series of code-reading sorting units at ground level with a large array of horizontal roller conveyors above. Vertical lift conveyors are used to transport plastic trays...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... feature toward outboard edge of plate. 128×. Abstract Four truck cross members intended for use in heavy-duty transport trucks were investigated. Two of the members had cracked on a prototype vehicle and two had been fatigue tested in the laboratory. The cross members were fabricated from SAE...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... made to reduce or prevent cavitation damage by the application of cathodic protection, and this has been found to be effective in certain instances of trouble on propellers. Diesel engines Cast iron Cavitation wear The rapid wastage, leading to ultimate failure, of ship propellers, pump...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... presented. degradation mechanisms failure analysis hydrogen cracking pipeline flaws steel transmission pipelines HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, such as liquid petroleum products and natural gas, are typically transported via truck, rail, sea, and/or pipeline. Of these different transportation modes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... bearings, they occupy the available space, locating themselves by contact with each other. Ball bearings can be divided into three categories: radial contact, angular contact, and thrust. Radial-contact ball bearings are designed for applications in which loading is primarily radial with only low axial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... trucks from ground zero to a maximum of approximately 195 m (640 ft). The mode of failure was a brittle fracture originating at a preexisting lamination and crack in the tank wall adjacent to the tank nozzle. The mechanism of failure was overpressurization of the railroad tank car caused by a chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the environment; change in the alloy or heat treatment; change in design; use of galvanic protection; use of inhibitors; use of nonmetallic coatings and liners; application of metallic coatings; use of surface treatments, thermal spray, or other surface modifications; corrosion monitoring; and preventive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the unique characteristics associated with connection failures, as well as those aspects associated with welding. In some cases, this article overlaps the coverage of other articles that deal with failures in specific types of applications in which welding is involved, such as cranes and lifting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in 1974, and, through several revisions, became the basic approach for analyzing a system. Initially, FMEAs were used primarily as a safety analysis on the system hardware after the design was nearly complete. This application meant that any problems uncovered by the analysis were likely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... performance when subjected to specific, often controlled, and well-defined factors. The article also presents an overview of weathering instrument types that simulate outdoor stress factors. References References 1. CIE 241 , “ Recommended Reference Solar Spectra for Industrial Applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract The truck beam of the left main landing gear (MGL) of a Boeing 707 airplane collapsed on the ground just after the aircraft was unloaded and refueled. The investigation revealed that failure was caused by the propagation of an intergranular crack originating from the bottom of the pit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... within an environment at T = 25 °C (77 °F) are usually 60 to 80 °C (140 to 175 °F). In some circumstances, it may reach 90 °C (195 °F). Over this limit and for applications that do not imply heat transport or conduction from the external environment and/or through the shaft line (i.e., vacuum chambers...