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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract An electronic sensor coil failed continuity testing, indicating that a break was present in the polymer-coated wire. An area of the wire showed a green discoloration and the break in the wire was located in this same region. The discoloration was suspected to be an indicator...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with a loosely adhered green-colored coating with intermittent locations of a strongly adhered green-colored deposit. Beneath the adhered deposits were areas of localized corrosion sites ( Fig. 8 ). The cross-section of the tube perforation revealed red-colored deposits ( Fig. 9 ). EDS analysis was performed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549 The tube section had a through-wall perforation ( Fig. 1a ). After cross-sectioning the tube longitudinally, the ID surface showed intermittent green deposits ( Fig. 1b ). Deposit samples were removed for EDS, and cross sections were removed for metallurgical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Brittle intergranular fracture, typical of a hydrogen-induced delayed failure, caused the failure of an AISI 4340 Cr-Mo-Ni landing gear beam. Corrosion resulting from protective coating damage released nascent hydrogen, which diffused into the steel under the influence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
..., silicon, and phosphorus. The high sulfur content is attributed to ferrous sulfide from a sulfate reducing bacteria frequently associated with clay soils. Reinforced coal tar protective coating was recommended. Bacteria Clay (material) Porosity Residues Soils (types) Gray iron Dealloying...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...), and was subjected to visual inspection/light optical microscopy, metallography, electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, chemical analysis, and mechanical testing. It was observed that the vacuum cadmium coating adjacent to the fracture plane had worn off and corroded in service, thus allowing pitting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Alloys , p. 2 , Naval Research Laboratory , Washington D.C. , ( 1972 ) 2. Jones D. A. , Principles and Prevention of Corrosion , pp. 234 – 285 , MacMillian Publishing Co. , New York ( 1992 ) 3. Fontana M. G. and Greene N. D. , Corrosion Engineering , p. 97 , McGraw...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... 0.49 0.15 to 0.60 Ti 0.48 0.54 0.52 0.15 to 0.60 Nb 0.09 0.21 … … Mo 0.29 0.30 … … Co 0.23 0.23 … … P <0.01 <0.01 … … Fe Rem Rem 46.52 39.5 min Coatings and Surface Layer Unlike the first and second tube failure, operations shut down the unit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Szala M. , Walczak M. , Pasierbiewicz K. , and Kamiński M. , Cavitation Erosion and Wear Mechanisms of AlTiN and TiAlN Films Deposited on Stainless Steel Substrate , Coatings , Vol 9 , 2019 , p 340 , 10.3390/coatings9050340 8. Zavieh A.H. and Espallargas N...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The processing of taconite iron ore involves grinding, magnetic separation of iron, mixing in additives, pelletizing, and heating the pellets to high temperatures to sinter and harden them (induration). In “acid” pellet production, the additive is bentonite, which serves as a binder to promote green strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in protective coatings may lead to severe galvanic corrosion in the localized region of the coating imperfection. It is extremely dangerous to coat the anodic member of a couple because this may only reduce its active area, which severely accelerates the attack at these holidays in the otherwise protective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Vol 131 , 1989 , p 85 – 103 10.1016/0043-1648(89)90247-0 13. Krause H.H. and Wright I.G. , Boiler Tube Failures in Municipal Waste-to-Energy Plants , Mater. Perform. , Vol 35 , Jan 1996 , p 46 – 54 14. Solomon N.G. , Erosion-Resistant Coatings for Fluidized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ., Streit E. : Rolling contact fatigue behavior of heat resistant bearing steels at high operational temperatures . In: ASTM STP 1327, Hoo J.J.C. , Green W.B. (eds.) Bearings Steels: Into the 21st Century . American Society for Testing and Materials , West Conshohocken ( 1998...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... spot Sink marks, draw or such-in D 142 Small, superficial cavities in the form of droplets of shallow spots, generally gray-green in color Slag inclusions D 200 Serious surface defects D 210 Deep indentation of the casting surface D 211 Deep indentation, often over large...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., superficial cavities in the form of droplets of shallow spots, generally gray-green in color Slag inclusions D 200: Serious surface defects D 210: Deep indentation of the casting surface D 211 Deep indentation, often over large area of drag half of casting Push-up, clamp-off D...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... intact. The fracture surfaces of cracks B and C were coated with black and green nonmetallic deposits. On the surface of crack B, there were rachet marks along the toe of the weld ( Fig. 3 ). One portion of the exposed crack surface had a thumbnail-shaped region with radial ridges emanating from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in protective coatings may lead to severe galvanic corrosion in the localized region of the coating imperfection. It is extremely dangerous to coat the anodic member of a couple because this may only reduce its active area, which severely accelerates the attack at these holidays in the otherwise protective...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in) thick (equivalent to about 0.8 mm ( 1 32 in) loss of metal); steel rocker assemblies badly rusted. September 1969 - first repairs; damaged concrete removed, steel rebar sandblasted; some rebar primed with epoxy; other rebar coated with inorganic zinc coating; patch constructed; patch...