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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...-type mineral-oil lubricant (containing molybdenum disulfide and polytetrafluoroethylene particles) or grease conforming to MIL-G-81322 (containing thickening agent and synthetic hydrocarbons) and had two-piece spot-welded retainers. On visual examination, the balls were observed to be embedded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... was suspected to have caused the electric discharge by accumulation and discharge of static charge. The electrical resistance between the rotor and the motor frame lubricated with electrically conductive grease and the grease used in the current case was measured and compared to confirm the fact the currently...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and was packed with molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) lithium grease. Metallurgical structures and chemical compositions of the bearing’s matrix materials were inspected using a microscope and photoelectric direct reading spectrometer. SEM/EDS was used to examine the local morphology and composition of fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... consistently passed the testing regimen. Grease was applied liberally within the housing assembly during production. Investigation included visual inspection, 24x SEM images, micro-FTIR in the ATR mode, and analysis using DSC. No signs of material contamination were found, but the thermograms showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... was installed in contact with the inner ring for accurate positioning of the microdrum. The particles contained in residue achieved after cleaning of the grease on bearings with a petroleum solvent were attracted by a magnet and detected under a SEM (SEM) to be flaked off particles from the outer raceway...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Grease-wiper springs for cams formed from stampings of 0.25-mm thick carbon spring steel (0.65 to 0.80% C) fractured at the 0.025 mm radius on the stamped 135 deg corner at a 90 deg bend after 5,000,000 cycles. Tool marks 2 to 2.3 mm from the center of the stamped bend were disclosed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract A commercial aircraft wheel half, machined from an aluminum alloy 2014 forging that had been heat treated to the T6 temper, was removed from service because a crack was discovered in the area of the grease-dam radius during a routine inspection. Neither the total number...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Fig. 1 Trunnion bolt showing the fracture origin and surface wear pattern Fig. 2 One of the mating fracture surfaces. Fracture propagated from the two small zones of fatigue around the grease port hole. The dark zone at the bottom of the fracture surface is merely a shadow resulting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... in. from the head. At this point, the bolt emerges from the flange. The formation of rust spots could be prevented by covering bolts with a suspension of graphite in grease (Lox-Safe). It became apparent that the presence of aluminum accelerated the stress-corrosion cracking of the stainless. Aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a defective seal in a grease-lubricated bearing application. (b) 1.5×. (c) 75×. Source: Ref 4 Some lubricants decompose after extended service without replacement or replenishment, forming acidic by-products. In the presence of moisture, bearing surfaces may be badly attacked by what is referred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of the track. One of the most prevalent causes of skidding is hardening of the grease lubricant due to deterioration or contamination by dirt or other foreign matter. The rotation of the balls or rollers within the cage may be effectively prevented and, in some instances, the bearing can lock to such an extent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... 3 Fatigue failure of shaft originating drilled radial hole. The sheaves were lubricated by grease introduced from the end face of the shaft, it passed along an axial hole and then through a short radial hole to the region of the shaft carrying the sheaves as can be seen in Figure 3 where...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... with grease. Main-Landing Gear Cylinder of a Fighter Aircraft Following a landing, the main landing gear shock strut was found deflated and fractured from top to bottom ( Fig. 4 ). This was the first and most dramatic manifestation of a subsequently widespread problem. The strut housings were forged...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in hardness and compressive yield strength. It is also possible to consider using the same material for the indenter and bushing as long proper lubrication is maintained. Current lubrication, Hi-Slip Grease could be replaced with extreme pressure oil-based lubricant which will help keeping contact between...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., it is recommended that careful attention be given to lubrication and the condition of the grease and other lubricating fluids be monitored when feasible. Main Shaft Bearing Sleeve Main Shaft Bearing Sleeve Main Shaft Bearing Sleeve Table 1 shows the chemical composition of the failed main...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of employing oxygen in circumstances where it may come in contact with oil or grease needs to be more widely disseminated. Published by courtesy of the Department of Industrial and Forensic Science, Ministry of Commerce, Government of Northern Ireland. While an attempt was being made to start...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... reddish-brown debris of ferric oxide, which, when mixed with oil or grease, produces debris that is often referred to as “blood,” “cocoa,” or “red mud.” Hence, in components that are lubricated so that ordinary corrosion is not likely to occur, the presence of reddish-brown debris is indicative...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., and zinc could have been present in a pigmented oil or grease used as a lubricant during spring winding and could have been left on the Inconel wire by the manufacturer. The white deposit on the surface of some of the springs was slightly alkaline and could have initiated stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... metal-to-metal brass joints, then the fittings should be replaced with new, tight-sealing brass fittings. Hydrocarbon lubricants, such as oils or greases, and oily rags should not be used to assist in the mating or cleaning of fittings. The regulator next to the gas bottle should be maintained using...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0091897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... area and from the spacer sleeve, roller bearing, and lockwasher were identified by x-ray diffraction as ferric oxide (α-Fe 2 O 3 ) with minor constituents of metallic iron and copper. Discoloration of the deposit was caused by the grease lubricant and mishandling during disassembly. Spectrochemical...