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graphite fibers

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Composites Subjected to a Sliding Steel Asperity , Research News , Budapest University of Technology and Economics , ( 3 ), 2000 , p 8 – 14 58. Mody P.B. , Chou T.W. , and Friedrich K. , Effect of Testing Conditions and Microstructure on the Sliding Wear of Graphite Fiber/PEEK...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048498
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A graphite-epoxy tapered-box structure, which consisted of two honeycomb skin panels fastened to a spanwise spar with intermediate chordwise ribs, fractured during testing. Hinge-line deflection of the front spar was revealed. Through-thickness cracks in the forward...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... images of dimple-rupture fractures. (a) Fracture of low-alloy medium-carbon steel bolt (SAE grade 5). Original magnification: 1750×. (b) Equiaxed tensile dimples originating around the graphite nodules of ASTM 60-45-10 ductile iron. Original magnification: 350×. (c) Parabolic shear dimples in cast Ti-6Al...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by cleavage in second-phase (silicon) particles and other second phases. Fig. 1 SEM images of dimple-rupture fractures. (a) Fracture of low-alloy medium-carbon steel bolt (SAE grade 5). 1750×. (b) Equiaxed tensile dimples originating around the graphite nodules of ASTM 60-45-10 ductile iron. 350×. (c...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... with a carbide compound, providing it with a heat-resistant material where temperatures are extremely high. Second, pistons could be of an aluminum-graphite or aluminum-boron composite, eliminating surface melting because pure aluminum has a melting point 200 F higher than the interdendritic material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mode image. (a) Secondary electron imaging mode where particles are not distinguished by composition. (b) Image from backscatter mode, which shows the lower atomic number particles (in this case aluminum 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8) as darker than the iron particles (3A and 7). Note also that the fibers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... dealuminification denickelification desiliconification dezincification galvanic corrosion graphitic corrosion intergranular corrosion pitting corrosion selective leaching uniform corrosion velocity-affected corrosion CORROSION is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... recognized is the influence of nonmetallic conductors as cathodes in galvanic couples. Carbon brick in vessels is strongly cathodic to the common structural metals and alloys. Impervious graphite, especially in heat-exchanger applications, is cathodic to the less noble metals and alloys. Carbon-filled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... wire fracture surfaces were examined after torsional and fatigue loading to failure. Fatigue testing was conducted in rotating bending with a stress ratio (minimum stress divided by maximum stress) equal to −1. As-drawn NiTi wire was also cathodically charged at −1 V with respect to a graphite...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... between copper layers. A PCB contains as many as 14 layers of copper and fiberglass-resin layers. The glass fibers in the fiberglass have a hardness of 500 HV, while the copper has a hardness of 40 HV. The drilling process is computer operated and numerically controlled. Typical operating conditions...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
....2008.04.076 15. Trzaskoma P.P. , Corrosion Behavior of a Graphite Fiber/Magnesium Metal Matrix Composite in Aqueous Chloride Solution , Corrosion , Vol 42 , 1986 , p 609 − 613 10.5006/1.3583031 16. McCauley R.A. , Corrosion of Ceramic and Composite Materials , 2nd ed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of polymer on a metal backing to increase the heat-flow rate. A third is to fill the polymer with a material that has high thermal conductivity. The third solution to the thermal problem also offers resistance to cold flow. For these purposes, the polymer can be filled and reinforced with particles or fibers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., polystyrene; PP, polypropylene; CFRP, carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic; GFRP, graphite-fiber-reinforced plastic; PSZ, partially stabilized zirconia. Source: Ref 8 Until the IPD approach is in common use, and as an alternative to the traditional “materials-last” approach, another method of materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... graphite or silver particles. Conductive paint is commercially available from various manufacturers and suppliers. If a nonconductive sample is to be examined using a conventional SEM, several methods exist to produce a conductive layer on the surface. The two most common are evaporation and sputter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...: melting point, glass transition Adapted from Ref 17 Fig. 26 Impressed-current cathodic protection of a buried pipeline using graphite anodes. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 24 Examples of how design and assembly can affect localized corrosion by creating crevices and traps where corrosive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the mild wear region at low values of both contact pressure and sliding velocity. The friction material is a composite containing various ingredients, such as oxides, carbides, graphite, fillers, and metallic particles or fibers, held together by a polymeric (usually phenolic) resin. Mild wear results from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Compressive residual stresses do not influence the wear resistance. Adapted from Ref 92 Fig. 30 Plot of fretting wear versus fiber orientation angle in a composite Fig. 31 Fretting mark generated by fretting an alumina cylinder against an alumina flat Fig. 32 Illustration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The component was forged, and considerable directionality (banding and fibering) existed in the material. Crack propagation from bottom to top in the photograph. Courtesy of Michael West, University of Tennessee The common observation for steels is that fracture is initiated by (relatively large) sulfide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... particle in a quenched and tempered 4140 alloy steel due to a bending stress. The component was forged, and considerable directionality (banding and fibering) exists in the material. Crack propagation from bottom to top in the photograph. Courtesy of M. West, University of Tennessee The common...