1-20 of 32 Search Results for

glassy thermoplastics

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., wear study is separated as elastomers, thermosets, glassy thermoplastics, and semicrystalline thermoplastics. The article describes the effects of environment and lubricant on the wear failures of polymers. It presents a case study on nylon as a tribological material. The article explains the wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article presents the mechanisms of polymer wear and quantifies wear in terms of wear rate (rate of removal of the material). Interfacial and bulk wear are discussed as well as a discussion on the wear study of "elastomers," "thermosets," "glassy thermoplastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of Polymers under Stress The simple structure of a polymer consists of a random arrangement of chain molecules; such materials are referred to as amorphous polymers or glassy thermoplastics. In amorphous polymers, the chain molecules are randomly intertwined to form the material. The cohesive energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the glass transition temperature, T g , and the ambient temperature, represent a problem in high-performance (high-temperature) thermoplastics such as polysulfone (PSU) or polyetherketone (PEK) because they develop significant thermal stresses on cooling. It is this coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... on failure properties. After a plastic component is exposed to an organic chemical, aggressive molecules may diffuse into the component, leading to plasticization. Swelling of the material can result in high stresses that may cause crazing or cracking. Fracture has been observed in many glassy plastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., and the most significant influences of structure on those properties are then discussed. A variety of engineering thermoplastics, including some that are regarded as high-performance thermoplastics, are covered in this article. In addition, a few examples of commodity thermoplastics and biodegradable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... temperature, resulting in a viscous liquid that can be formed into useful shapes by means of heat and pressure. Examples of thermoplastic processing include injection molding, extrusion, blow molding, and thermoforming. Upon cooling, the polymer either crystallizes or vitrifies to a glassy polymer (i.e...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006941
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., thermoplastics can be considered to behave either as glassy solids or as semicrystalline solids. The glassy solid state is reached when the polymeric material has been cooled below a certain temperature, known as the glass transition temperature, T g . The relative position of T g to the service temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... a significant influence on the S - N curves of polymers, and they should be considered when a component is made of polymers. Fiber type, orientation, distribution, and content are important parameters affecting fatigue properties in short-fiber (glass/carbon)-reinforced thermoplastic composites ( Ref 19...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006934
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... molecules, their nature (thermosets, rubbers, and thermoplastics), and/or their temperature and rate-dependency characteristics. For instance, it has been shown that the presence of the crystalline phase in thermoplastic polymers such as polyethylene (PE) impacts the creep properties. At a fixed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to be a material property ( Ref 14 ). Linear elastic fracture mechanics properties ( Ref 22 ) are appropriate for highly cross-linked thermosets or glassy thermoplastics incapable of significant plastic deformation (e.g., polystyrene). Unlike shear yielding, which occurs at constant volume, craze yielding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and their response to chemical, physical, and mechanical stresses whether as an unfilled, shaped article or as a component of a composite structure. It summarizes the basic thermal properties of thermoplastics and thermosets, including thermal conductivity, temperature resistance, thermal expansion, specific heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract There are many different types of polymeric materials, ranging from glassy to semicrystalline polymers and even blends. Their mechanical properties range from pure elastic with very high strains to fracture (elastomers) to almost pure linear elastic (Hookian behavior) with low strains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... below their glass transition temperatures, glassy or semicrystalline polymers are weakly viscoelastic. For these polymers, test data based on a time-independent analysis will probably be adequate. As the temperature is increased, either by the environment or by heat given off during deformation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , at the crack tip, reaching a critical value, K Ic , for the plane-strain fracture toughness, which is considered to be a material property ( Ref 22 ). Linear elastic fracture mechanics properties per ASTM D5045 are appropriate for highly cross-linked thermosets or glassy thermoplastics incapable...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , 3 ). When linear or branched thermoplastic polymers are exposed to large enough quantities of solvents having solubility parameters within approximately ±2 H of that of the polymer, dissolution of the polymer will occur. In smaller quantities, these solvents will be adsorbed by the polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... ). The term engineering resin or engineering plastic usually refers only to thermoplastics, which can be molded and remolded to shape, and excludes thermosets such as epoxy resins that cure into an infusible solid. Some rubbers (e.g., polyurethanes) that are cured or vulcanized are nevertheless classed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... are tabulated in many references; they also can be calculated using the concept of group contributions. ( Ref 2 , 3 ). When linear or branched thermoplastic polymers are exposed to large enough quantities of solvents having solubility parameters within approximately ±2 H of that of the polymer, dissolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the Langmuir model fits. Free volume refers to the empty, or void, areas in the polymer matrix where water molecules can collect or cluster, which occur in the amorphous regions of the polymer matrix and are dependent on the glassy or rubbery state. Water molecules, which are not bound to the polymer chain...