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general-purpose glass fiber

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract A number of plastic sleeves used in an automotive application cracked after assembly but prior to installation into the mating components. The sleeves were specified to be injection molded from a 20% glass-fiber-reinforced polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) resin. After molding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.../min) heating rate commonly used. A compressive force is normally applied to the probe configuration throughout the evaluation for purposes of preload and stability. Results Plotted results generated through a TMA analysis, similar to the printed data obtained from all of the thermal analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such as paper or wheel impregnated with silicon carbide (SiC), flint, alumina, and so on, or a rough metallic disc. Abrasive wear failure of FRPs occurs generally because of matrix shearing and fiber debonding followed by fiber cracking and cutting. Generally, fibers in the normal (N) direction are more...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to frictional work can induce chemical degradation and wear at the sliding surface. Thermosets have generally been filled with fibers and particles as additives in order to increase the strength and wear resistance of the material ( Ref 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 ). Fillers include glass fiber, aramid fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to make the pipe material can be accomplished by IR spectroscopy or spectroscopic methods in general. With the chemical structure of the pipe established, the next property to address is the glass transition temperature, T g , and the melt temperature, T m , because these quantities characterize...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fiber optics, to demonstrate the perforation of the wall. In general, there are considerable limitations on the size of specimens that can be examined using a metallograph. Larger specimens can be examined by using a binocular stereo microscope that can be supported by an arm from a stand that in turn...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... also describes the general features of fatigue fractures in terms of crack initiation and fatigue crack propagation. brittle fracture crack initiation creep fracture deformation ductile fracture failure analysis fatigue crack growth fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Ratchet marks where origins join General wastage, roughening, pitting, or trenching Stress-corrosion and hydrogen damage may create multiple cracks that appear brittle Gouging, abrasion, polishing, or erosion Galling or scoring in direction of motion Roughened areas with compacted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The third solution to the thermal problem also offers resistance to cold flow. For these purposes, the polymer can be filled and reinforced with particles or fibers of glass, metal, and minerals. However, these fillers usually cause more wear of the shaft than the polymer does. For low friction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the heat-flow rate. The third is to reinforce the polymer with a material that has high thermal conductivity, such as carbon fibers, graphite, and molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ). The third solution to the thermal problem also offers resistance to cold flow. For these purposes, the polymer can be filled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...: melting point, glass transition Adapted from Ref 17 Fig. 26 Impressed-current cathodic protection of a buried pipeline using graphite anodes. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 24 Examples of how design and assembly can affect localized corrosion by creating crevices and traps where corrosive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the general characteristics of fretting wear in mechanical components with an emphasis on steel. It focuses on the effects of physical variables and the environment on fretting wear. The variables include the amplitude of slip, normal load, frequency...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... at 10,000× to 2 mm (0.08 in.) at 10×, is more than 2 orders of magnitude larger than for light microscopy. The variety of signals generated by an electron beam impinging on the surface of a sample provides opportunities for enhanced imaging to reveal topographical and compositional differences...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in 1938 by Ardenne ( Ref 1 ) who hypothesized that an image of a sample surface could be generated by subjecting the sample to a beam of electrons and then monitoring the current that resulted from the sample. The success of these initial experiments led to further work that improved and modified his...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract The primary purpose of this article is to describe general root causes of failure that are associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be common sources of failure-inducing defects in the bulk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Cage materials and their working-temperature domains Cage material Temperature domain (Δ T ) °C °F Steel −30 to +200 −20 to +390 Brass/bronze −30 to +200 −20 to +390 PA66 (with glass fibers) −30 to +120 −20 to +245 Polyetheretherketone −30 to +150 −20 to +300...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... may also occur when an overload failure is caused by a combination of ductile and brittle cracking mechanisms. It describes the general aspects of fracture modes and mechanisms. The article discusses some of the material, mechanical, and environmental factors that may be involved in determining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... It describes the general aspects of fracture modes and mechanisms. The article briefly reviews some mechanistic aspects of ductile and brittle crack propagation, including discussion on mixed-mode cracking. Factors associated with overload failures are discussed, and, where appropriate, preventive steps...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the preliminary stages and general procedures, techniques, and precautions employed in the investigation and analysis of metallurgical failures that occur in service. The most common causes of failure characteristics are described for fracture, corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in metal AM parts. In general terms, the failure analysis of AM parts is very similar to other manufactured forms; sources of failure may be attributed to improper materials selection, design problems, fabrication processing problems, or service conditions. As with any new fabrication process, AM...