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general structural alloy 6061

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...) stereomicroscopy. From the general fracture appearance and the degree of deformation, it was concluded that all fractures occured by overload. The composition of a sample taken from T-section B was found to be within the specified limits for aluminum alloy 6061. Microscopic examination did not disclose any...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of the aluminum alloy coupling nuts was caused by stress corrosion. Contributing factors included use of a material that is susceptible to this type of failure, sustained tensile stressing in the presence of a marine (chloride-bearing) atmosphere, and an elongated grain structure transverse to the direction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Equipment in which an assembly of in-line cylindrical components rotated in water at 1040 rpm displayed excessive vibration after less than one hour of operation. The malfunction was traced to an aluminum alloy 6061-T6 combustion chamber that was part of the rotating assembly. Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Figure 1 shows a schematic of the rotor blade, indicating the approximate fracture location. The rotor blade is primarily an assembly of two types of components: a long, hollow spar made from a 6061-T651 aluminum alloy extrusion, which provides the necessary structural strength, and 26 fiberglass...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is a state-of-the-art synchrotron light source. The storage ring vacuum chamber is fabricated from 6061 extruded aluminum. Water connections to the vacuum chambers that were fabricated from 3003 aluminum had developed water leaks, which were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the extensive nodular corrosion product on the external surface of the racks as shown in Figure 3 and to inspect the other weld areas. Fig. 3 Nodular corrosion product on storage rack The storage rack structure was fabricated from 6061 aluminum alloy. Rolled sheet and extruded bar were welded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... perpendicular to the main axis of the component, as shown in Fig. 9 . Generally, a high amount of deformation of the structure will take place before separation. Fig. 9 (a) Shear test of austenitic stainless steel. (b) High amount of deformation. Beginning of separation in 304 stainless steel. Marble’s...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the structural metal, when it is stressed in tension in the presence of specific lower-melting-point metal and alloys. Metal-induced embrittlement has been known for many years and has been identified as the cause of numerous failures. Reference 1 cites some of the reviews published over the years...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., exhibit poor contrast in the SEM and are best viewed by light microscopy. When atomic number contrast or topographic contrast is strong, the SEM provides good structural images, particularly above 500× ( Ref 3 ). Again, because of the limitations and advantages of each instrument, they are complementary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... abrasive for ferrous alloys, and SiC is the preferred abrasive for nonferrous metals and minerals. Wheels have different bond strengths and are recommended based on the suitability of their bond strength and abrasive type for the material to be sectioned. In general, as the hardness of a material increases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the simultaneous presence of: A susceptible structural metallic material Surface wetting by a specific embrittling metal or alloy Tensile stress, either applied or residual Some general characteristics of LMIE and SMIE are: Embrittlement is manifested as a loss in ductility and a decrease...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... there may be a few exceptions to this rule. Generally, only a few chemical species in the environment are effective in causing SCC of a given alloy. The species responsible for SCC in general need not be present in large quantities or in high concentrations. With some alloy/corrodent combinations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... water is extremely good. There is minimum general corrosion or gradual thinning of aluminum as may occur with steel. General corrosion has not surfaced as a problem in the storage of aluminum clad alloys at basins in the U.S. as long as the protective oxide on the aluminum remains intact. As a general...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (fcc) structure generally are not sensitive to strain rate. Their response to cavitation often is similar to their static mechanical behavior. Main damage is caused by plastic deformation or ductile rupture, which can be attributed to microjet impact close to the surface. For metals with a body...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... gradient typically exists from the cores of dendrites to the interdendritic regions, with the latter enriched in alloying elements (solute) and low-melting contaminants. Dendrite arms also are generally lower in impurities, such as sulfur and phosphorus in steel, than the interdendritic regions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and industries that have experienced SCC failures include (this list is not exhaustive): Aerospace: Aluminum alloys in structural aircraft components such as landing gear and wing components, stainless steel tubing used as part of the hydraulic or fuel systems, high-strength low-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and low-alloy steels to generate the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) code design fatigue curves. Adapted from Ref 43 The introduction of the Battelle structural stress methodology ( Ref 45 ) affords the user the ability to incorporate fatigue predictions based on actual large...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) being especially common for metallic materials. The higher symmetry of the cubic lattices relative to noncubic lattices has implications regarding their inherent ductility, as discussed later. In general, the extent of ductility is influenced by the strength of electronic bonding, the crystal structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum, and their alloys, are more or less susceptible to damage ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Only titanium and its alloys appear to be generally resistant ( Ref 4 ). This review focuses initially on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC...