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gear design

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0009190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... that the failure resulted from several interrelated factors: the lubricant viscosity was too low causing high temperatures; no antiscuff additives were used; a gearbox designed as a speed reducer was used as a speed increaser (the designer selected a long-addendum tooth for the pinion); the gear teeth were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Despite extensive aircraft landing gear design analyses and tests performed by designers and manufacturers, and the large number of trouble-free landings, aircraft users have experienced problems with and failures of landing gear components. Different data banks and over 200...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...-angle intersections of the mounting holes and tooth-root fillets was revealed by metallographic examination. Design of the gear and placement of the mounting holes, which resulted in through hardening, were concluded to be the contributing factors to the fatigue failure of the gear. Design Gear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... operations. The primary failure was associated with the 4820H NiMo alloy steel pinion, and thus the gear was not examined. The mode of failure was rolling contact fatigue, and the cause of failure improper engineering design. The pattern of continual overload was restricted to a specific concentrated area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...-fusion zone where fracture originated is shown at region A; region B shows fatigue beach marks, and region C exhibits bending-fatigue patterns. Root of weld is at bottom surface. 2x The composition, microstructure, and hardness of the gear were as specified. The design was adequate because...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... a crack extending radially from the bore to the surface of one of the tooth flanks. The crack runs the entire width of the bore, passing through an oil hole in the hub, across the spoke plate and out to the tip of one of the teeth. Design requirements call for the gear teeth to be carburized, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0092155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... was conducted to determine the cause of the malfunction and to recommend corrective measures that would prevent similar failures in other vehicles. Fig. 1 Gas-nitrided 4140 steel (27–31 HRC) drive-gear assembly in which gear teeth deformed because of faulty design and low core hardness. Details A and B...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... on each part. The 4817 NiMo alloy steel pinion showed no indication of additional cracking, nor did the 4820 NiMo alloy steel gear. The mode of failure was tooth bending fatigue with the origin at the designed position: root radius at midsection of tooth. The load was well centered, and progression...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... was chosen to obtain a greater margin of safety. Redesigning eliminated the failures. Design Forgings 1049 UNS G10490 Fatigue fracture In a hand-operated gear-shift lever mechanism, field performance was generally satisfactory, but some fatigue failures occurred in the 3.18 mm ( 1 8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Fretting and/or fretting corrosion fatigue have been observed on such parts as main rotor counterweight tie rods, fixed-pitch propeller blades, propeller blade clamps, pressure regulator lines, and landing gear support brackets. Microcracks started from severe corrosion pits...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The aircraft had been in service for 28 years since its manufacture, and the landing gear was of original design, if not the original equipment. Upon touchdown during a routine landing in a crosswind, the starboard (right) set of wheels of the main landing gear first contacted the runway. As the weight...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... because a gear is designed with a specific function in mind. The question is, Will this gear perform the function that was intended by the designer? Types of Gears Spur Gears Spur gears ( Fig. 1a ) are used to transmit motion between parallel shafts or between a shaft and a rack. The teeth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... R.J. : Fundamentals of Gear Design , p. 218 . Butterworths , Boston ( 1988 ) 5. Sachs N.W. : Fracture features . J. Fail. Anal. Preven. 5 ( 2 ), 12 ( 2005 ) 10.1361/15477020522924 6. Avener S.H. : Introduction to Physical Metallurgy , pp. 570 , 659 . McGraw...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... analysis. backlash failure analysis gear lubrication helical gears reducers spiral bevel gears spur gears straight gears worm gears GEARS are probably the most complicated mechanical device we commonly use. Gears are designed to transmit forces from one shaft to another. The majority...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that the part has to perform. A well-designed part is the best ensurance against breakage in hardening. Design symmetry is also an important variable to minimize distortion. For example, the unsymmetrical gear design shown in the upper diagram of Fig. 26 typically may undergo distortion, as shown...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with both forward and backward movement but with the chain-driven mechanism designed for motorcycles substituted with a gear-driven mechanism. Such a gear-driven transmission system provides various speed-power ratios, enhancing the movements and power transmission efficiency. However, for a general-purpose...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... in aircraft parts. The results of the laboratory studies indicate that unusual care is necessary in the processing and fabrication of ultra-high-strength steel and in the design and maintenance of the structures in which it is used. Aircraft components Forgings Landing gear Ultrahigh strength steels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A combination of adverse factors was present in the disruption of a turbo-alternator gearbox. The major cause was the imposition of a gross overload far in excess of that for which the gearbox was designed. The contributory factors were a rim material (EN9 steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0047220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract Two oil-pump gears broke after four months of service in a gas compressor that operated at 1000 rpm and provided a discharge pressure of 7240 kPa (1050 psi). The compressor ran intermittently with sudden starts and stops. The large gear was sand cast from class 40 gray iron...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Specifications The gear segments were designated as MLR, MRR, MLF, and F. Each was cleaned and visually examined. The MLF segment had 17 gear teeth. These teeth were identified with consecutive numbers beginning at the fracture ( Fig. 1 ). The fracture origin appeared to be coincidental with the gear teeth...