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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The laser beam moves over the build area through mirrors affixed to a galvanometer. A recoater lays down another layer of powder. The SLM processes occur within an inert environment, such as argon or a buffer gas, to prevent reactivity of the alloying elements in the liquid state with environmental...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Laser surface mapping of a canister closure weld provided data that was used to generate three-dimensional images of the weld failure. These images were invaluable in that they allowed people who did not have access to the canister to see the anomaly in great detail...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... welding processes. The article also describes failure origins in other welding processes, such as electroslag welds, electrogas welds, flash welds, upset butt welds, flash welds, electron and laser beam weld, and high-frequency induction welds. arc welding brittle fracture electrogas welds...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , Volume 13 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 339 6. Heidersbach R.H. , Cathodic Protection , Corrosion , Volume 13 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 466 – 477 7. Stone P.J. , Corrosion Inhibitors for Oil and Gas Production , Corrosion , Volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for dimensional anomalies, color variation, cracks, pits, etc. Only sensitive to surface flaws Low cost, intuitive. May be enhanced with PT, MT, IR, UV, laser reference lines, video, and magnifying lenses All Thermal/infrared (IR)—includes passive thermal inspections, flash thermography, and laser flying...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: Ref 35 Fig. 19 Erosion rate of ceramics with different grain size (frequency = 20 kHz; distance between specimen and vibration horn = 1 mm; vibration amplitude = 50 μm; temperature = 25 °C; liquid: ion-exchanged water). Source: Ref 37 Fig. 21 Erosion rate of laser-modified 316...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... automatic rifles similar to that shown in Figure 1 are used with blank ammunition. A blank firing adapter (BFA) is attached to the rifle barrel and is coupled with an integrated laser engagement device to simulate normal operation. Fig. 1 M-16 rifle with blank firing adapter (BFA) in position...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... volumetric discontinuities in butt welds. (a) Slag inclusion. (b) Porosity Fig. 34 Cross section of a weld showing wormhole porosity. Original magnification: ~20× Fig. 35 Radiograph showing cluster porosity in gas metal arc welding process due to disruption of shielding gas. Incomplete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is also presented. degradation mechanisms failure analysis hydrogen cracking pipeline flaws steel transmission pipelines HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, such as liquid petroleum products and natural gas, are typically transported via truck, rail, sea, and/or pipeline. Of these different transportation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract The various methods of furnace, torch, induction, resistance, dip, and laser brazing are used to produce a wide range of highly reliable brazed assemblies. However, imperfections that can lead to braze failure may result if proper attention is not paid to the physical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... R.H. , Cathodic Protection , Corrosion , Vol 13 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 466 – 477 14. Martin R.L. , Corrosion Inhibitors for Oil and Gas Production , Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Vol 13A , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2003...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... joint in the secondary cooling water system was discovered during restart testing of K-reactor. The circumferential crack, initially detected because of water accumulation in a sump, was approximately thirteen centimeters (five inches) long and was centered on an autogenous gas tungsten arc (GTAW) seam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analysis fatigue strength stainless steel (duplex wrought stainless steel) 316 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31600 Introduction Methodology Results and Discussion Conclusion References References 1. “ Petroleum and natural gas industries—Materials for use in H2S...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Shape of Features in the Fracture Surface Area Fraction of Features in Fracture Surface Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) for Fracture Surface Crystallography Three-Dimensional Laser Confocal Scanning Microscopy Vertical Serial Sectioning of Fracture Surface and Associated Local...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... International , 2019 28. “ Standard Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets ,” G 76, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International , 2019 29. “ Standard Test Method for Cavitation Erosion Using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., where, when, and extent. For example, gas turbine blade cracking may have been confined to one type of cracking mode, one specific row of blades, and one type of turbine blade design, with the problem occurring only after a certain number of operating hours and with the cracking observed in all plants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... adequate flow through workload Nonuniform agitation causes temperature gradients within workload and part May not be uniform Rolling on surface is poor guide to agitation Must be measured or modeled Type of quenchant Brine, water, oil, polymer, gas, air Quench rate must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... was developed to reduce stresses. Laser etching is preferred in critical applications, but the creation of a deep remelted zone is of concern for fatigue resistance. The articulated rod in an aircraft engine fractured after being in operation for 138 h since the engine had been overhauled; total operating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... J.F. , Hybrid Bearing Technology for Advanced Turbomachinery: Rolling Contact Fatigue Testing , J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power , Vol 118 ( No. 1 ), 1996 , p 173 – 178 10.1115/1.2816535 121. Miner J.R. , Dell J. , Galbato A.T. , and Ragen M.A. , F117-PW-100 Hybrid Ball...