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gas carburizing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0092148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... carburized. The cylinder in which the spool fitted was made of 1117 steel, also gas carburized. Investigation (visual inspection, low magnification images, 400x images, metallographic exam, and hardness testing) supported the conclusion that momentary sliding contact between the spool and the cylinder wall...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... This oversight combined with the observation of intergranular fracture surfaces and the presence of secondary microcracks in the case layer point to hydrogen embrittlement as the primary cause of failure. It is likely that hydrogen absorption occurred during the gas carburizing process. cylindrical spiral...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Two intermediate impeller drive gears (made of AMS 6263 steel, gas carburized, hardened, and tempered) exhibited evidence of pitting and abnormal wear after production tests in test-stand engines. The gears were examined for hardness, case depth, and microstructure of case...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... carbide formations in a martensite matrix and outlining of prior-austenite grains by a network of fine, white lines. These features indicated that the material had been transformed by carburization by the impinging gas. The outer surface exhibited a heavy scale deposit and numerous cracks that originated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... necessary to have a lower case depth, carburize less deeply, and prevent overheating that causes brittleness and leads also to increased case depth, or else use a fine-grained steel of lower hardenability. Case depth Cracking (fracturing) Gas carburizing Overheating Sleeves C15 Heat treating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... the high operating stress if they had been welded satisfactorily and hardened correctly, and whether it made any sense to case harden highly stressed chains of this type. Chains Gas carburizing Wear Welded joints Steel chain Joining-related failures (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., alloy and protective coating compositions, stress, time, and gas composition. This article discusses the primary mechanisms of high-temperature corrosion, namely oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, nitridation, carbonitridation, sulfidation, and chloridation. Several other potential degradation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of AMS 6263 steel and was gas carburized to produce a case 0.4 to 0.6 mm (0.015 to 0.025 in.) deep. Investigation Conclusions Recommendations Selected Reference Selected Reference • Totten G.E. , Narazaki M. , Blackwood R.R. and Jarvis L.M. , Failures Related...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract High-chromium steel pipes 42.25 x 3.25 mm from a blast furnace gas fired recuperator for the preheating of air were heavily oxidized and perforated in places. It was found that the blast furnace gas had a high sulfur content. Both the carburization and the formation of sulfide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... carburization of the piping and bellows. Bellows Expansion joints Sigma phase Weld joints 321 UNS S32100 Intergranular fracture Fatigue fracture A type 321 stainless steel bellows expansion joint on a 17-cm (6 3 4 -in.) OD inlet line in a gas-turbine test facility cracked during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... fillets as a result of through hardening. Dimensions given in inches The ring gear, machined from a forged blank made of 4817 steel, had been gas carburized at 925 °C (1700 °F), cooled to 815 °C (1500 °F), press quenched in oil at 60 °C (140 °F), then tempered at 175 °C (350 °F) for 1 1 2...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by gas carburizing, but several studies have documented bending fatigue crack initiation by IG fracture even in the absence of surface oxidation ( Ref 16 ). It may also be facilitated by the rather large prior austenite grain size resulting from the carburizing cycle. Not only do the fatigue cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... widely used gear materials. Consequently, steel gears receive primary consideration in this article. Among the through-hardening steels in wide use are 1040, 1060, 4140, and 4340. These steels can also be effectively case hardened by induction heating. Among the carburizing steels used in gears...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... conditions. (b) High-quality transmission electron microscopy replica showing elongated shear dimples from fatigue region Fig. 8 Fatigue fracture in gas-carburized and modified 4320 steel showing overview of initiation, stable crack propagation, and unstable crack propagation, with extent of stable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., causing loss of flow control of the hydraulic oil. The rotating spool in the valve was made of 8620 steel and was gas carburized. The cylinder in which the spool fitted was made of 1117 steel, also gas carburized. Visual examination disclosed that the side-rail extrusions, which had the I-beam shape...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... may be the result of segregation, or it may be the result of processing, as in a carburized part. Such inhomogeneities may produce a variation in transformation temperature at locations that are geometrically equivalent and that cool at the same rate. Nonuniform transformational stresses that result...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... keyways, and grooves. One illustration of this problem is hardening of a shaft over a lubrication cross hole, as illustrated in Fig. 28 ( Ref 22 ). Preferred alternative designs are also shown in Fig. 28 . If a radial cross hole is mandatory, the use of carburized steel with oil quenching would...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... and Rowan O.K. , Gas Carburizing , Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes . Vol 4A , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2013 , p 528 – 559 , 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005799 9. G. Parrish , Carburizing: Microstructures and Properties , ASM International , 1999 , p 48 10.31399...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... . Eng. Fail. Anal. 13 , 1005 – 1021 ( 2006 ) 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2005.04.003 3. Wu X.Q. , Yang Y.S. , Zhan Q. , Hu Z.Q. : Structure Degradation of 25Cr35Ni Heat-Resistant Tube Associated with Surface Coking and Internal Carburization , vol. 7 , pp. 667 – 672 . ASM...