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galvanizing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract A steel galvanizing vat measuring 3 x 1.2 x 1.2 m (10 x 4 x 4 ft) and made of 19 mm thick carbon steel plate (ASTM A285, grade B)) at a shipbuilding and ship-repair facility failed after only three months of service. To verify suspected failure cause, two T joints were made in 12.5 mm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Eight cylinderhead screws cracked after a short running time in motors. They were made of Fe-0.45C-1Cr steel, had rolled threads, were heat treated to 110 kg/sq mm tensile strength, and were electrolytically galvanized. All fractured at the root of the thread. The surfaces of fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Two sections of a galvanized cable 10.5 A 160 GR +NORM M 9533 (round stranded cable of normal type, h + 6, Langslay, right-handed) were examined. One had a 100 mm long blackish-brown tarnished zone obviously caused by localized heating at one end, inside which the hemp core was missing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... been nickel plated. During assembly of the actuators a lubricant containing molybdenum disulfide had been applied to the gaskets as a sealant. The vellum gasket was found to be electrically conductive, and analysis (visual inspection, 500x unetched micrographs, galvanic action testing, and x-ray...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... at the inside surfaces of the tubes. Transgranular stress-corrosion cracking, probably the result of sulphates under basic conditions, and dezincification occurred also as the result of galvanic corrosion under the deposits in the tubes. Recommendations were to use a closed-loop water system to eliminate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... solution. It was determined that the assemblies failed due to an austenite-martensite galvanic couple activated by a chlorine bearing electrolyte. The martensitic areas resulted from a transformation during cold-forming operations. Solution annealing after forming, revision of the design of the pipe flange...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract After only a short time in service, oil-fired orchard heaters made of galvanized low-carbon steel pipe, 0.5 mm (0.020 in.) in thickness, became sensitive to impact, particularly during handling and storage. Most failures occurred in an area of the heater shell that normally reached...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in the backfill revealed the site of failure. Analysis (visual inspection, electrical conductivity, and soil analysis) supported the conclusions that the failure had resulted from galvanic corrosion at a point where the corrosivity of the soil was substantially greater than the average, resulting in a voltage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0046505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... was occasionally used in the system. Analysis (visual inspection and 250x micrograph) supported the conclusions that failure of the latch was caused by plastic deformation from extensive loss of metal by galvanic corrosion and the sudden loading related to the tripping of the valve. Failure in some regions...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Orchard heater of galvanized low-carbon steel that broke in a brittle manner because of an iron-zinc intermetallic compound along the grain boundaries. Dimensions given in inches. View A-A: micrograph of an etched section that shows the microstructure of the steel sheet. 400x More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Breaks in mill scale (Fe 3 O 4 ) leading to galvanic corrosion of steel More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated by the black rectangle were tested in low-velocity or poorly aerated water and at shielded areas may become active and exhibit a potential near More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Prediction of coupled potential and galvanic current from polarization diagrams. i , current; i o , exchange current; E corr , corrosion potential More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Design details that can affect galvanic corrosion. (a) Fasteners should be more noble than the components being fastened; undercuts should be avoided, and insulating washers and spaces should be used to completely isolate the fastener. (b) Weld filler metals should be more noble than More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 16 Galvanic attack at a water pipe joint involving dissimilar metals More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 9 Boat deck locker sample WB3, longitudinal galvanized section, 450×. 2% Nital etch. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Fracture of a galvanized outer wire, fracture origin designated by arrow. 5 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Fissure with contiguous stress crack in fractured galvanized wire. Longitudinal section through edge from which fracture propagated, unetched. 100 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Transverse crack in non-fractured galvanized wire, longitudinal section through fissured edge, etch: Picral 100 × More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 24 Fracture of galvanized reinforcement bar (Example 12). (a) Brittle fracture at a bend in the galvanized rebar. (b) Oxidized fracture surface with no apparent shear lips. (c) Laboratory bend testing resulted in cracks in the zinc coating but no base metal cracks. (d) Ductile fracture More