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galvanized steel (low-carbon sheet steel)

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... and convection. The heaters were used only a few nights a year and where stored outdoors when not in use. To minimize cost and deterioration from atmospheric corrosion, the heater shells were made of galvanized low-carbon steel sheet about 0.5 mm (0.020 in.) thick. Selected Reference...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... residual stress galvanized steel (low-carbon sheet steel) References 1. Sandoz G. , Fujii C.T. , and Brown B.F. : “ Solution Chemistry within Stress-Corrosion Cracking in Alloy Steel ,” Corros. Sci. , 1970 , 10 , p. 839 10.1016/S0010-938X(70)80102-0 . 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... precipitation increases very fast 4 , 5 , 7 , 9 , 13 . So, the low-carbon stainless steels are preferred in the welded systems, subjected to strong corrosive media causing this type of corrosion as, for example, sea water, systems which cannot, for practical reasons, be subjected to heat-treatments. To...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... inclusions present appeared to not be excessive ( Fig. 8 ). Chemical analysis on specimens removed from the three bins indicated that the material in question was a nominal 0.2% carbon steel having an abnormally high nitrogen content (0.018 to 0.02%), a low aluminum content (0.005%), and a manganese...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., although there may be exceptions. Some exceptions include the random distribution of fine quench cracks in steels at locations where martensite formed after quenching or the cracking of divorced cementite in the grain boundaries of low-carbon steel after cold working. Similar arguments can be used to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Hydrogen attack Cracking from hydride formation Table 1 Specific types of hydrogen damage Specific damage process/mechanism Most common in Comments Hydrogen embrittlement High-strength steels and heavily cold-worked low-carbon steels, ambient temperatures Needs sustained...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... wormhole pitting of carbon steel piping used to transport a slurry of magnesium hydroxide and alumina at pH 10.5 ( Ref 17 ). Whatever the environmental conditions, microorganisms need water, a source of energy to drive their metabolism, and nutrients to provide essential building materials (carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... encountered without appreciable cathodic corrosion ( Ref 8 ). Iron and steel are fairly active alloys and require protection against galvanic corrosion by the higher alloys. They are, however, more noble than aluminum and its alloys in chloride solutions. However, in low-chloride waters, a reversal of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... effect of nitrite on corrosion and cracking for A106 carbon steel and S2205 duplex stainless steel used to handle produced water in North Sea oil production. After one week at 80 °C (175 °F) under abiotic conditions, corrosion rates for duplex stainless steel were low (0.005 mm/year, or 0.0002 in./year...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in a process fluid or on the surface, then cost, availability, and ease of fabrication may be the dominant influence on the material of choice. An acceptable corrosion rate for a relatively low-cost material such as plain carbon steel is about 0.25 mm/year (10 mils/year) or less. At this rate and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...., ∑ W ∝ P ), suggesting that the wear rate should be constant and nearly independent of the mean “apparent” contact pressure (i.e., normal load divided by apparent contact area). The investigation of a flat-on-flat low-alloyed steel interface, allowing constant apparent contact area condition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... which medium carbon steel would offer some level of protection over low carbon grades. New York Navy Yard correspondence, however, does not identify galvanized sheet steel, class 106, as being a medium carbon grade ( 10 ). Fig. 9 Boat deck locker sample WB3, longitudinal galvanized section, 450...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... capacity ( Fig. 24 ). The collapse occurred at lunchtime when workers were either off-site or indoors, and there were no injuries. The silo was constructed from corrugated, galvanized steel sheet supported by galvanized carbon-steel stiffeners (~5 mm thick) that had been formed by bending them through 90...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... shot peening or other processes) are beneficial. Under some circumstances, severe uniform cold working improves the resistance of a metal to SCC. For example, cold-drawn steel wire is more resistant to SCC than oil-tempered wire having equal mechanical properties. Also, cold reduction of low-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Cracking from hydride formation Table 1 Specific types of hydrogen damage Specific damage process/mechanism Most common in Comments Hydrogen embrittlement High-strength steels and heavily cold-worked low-carbon steels, ambient temperatures Needs sustained stress. Not relevant for...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... hardening could be removed by annealing, the residual stress could be reduced by controlled tensile straining, and the surface roughness could be removed by careful surface polishing ( Ref 40 ). The shot-peened surface of 0.4% C steel had a very low value for fretting wear; however, polishing raised the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... they can be difficult to see because fracture-surface morphology is impacted by cleavage in second-phase (silicon) particles and other second phases. Fig. 1 Scanning electron microscopy images of dimple-rupture fractures. (a) Fracture of low-alloy medium-carbon steel bolt (SAE grade 5). Original...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... materials selection. Carbon steel could be an adequate option. Carbon steel is used in a wide range of applications, including agriculture machinery, fasteners, automotive clutch plates, tools and dies, and low-impact zones of ore crushers. The surface of carbon steel can be hardened by heat treatment and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... carbon steel for alloy or stainless steel, or vice versa ( Ref 1 ). Table 1 Summary of statistics on pressure vessel failures compiled from 1981 through 1984 by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors Initial part failure Causes Type of failures Numbers Low water cut...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... molybdenum, such as 4520 steel, and heat treated to a hardness of 30 HRC and that the wheel nuts were made of carbon steel. Because all ten of the wheel studs fractured, it was throught that the wheel nuts were not tightened adequately and uniformly on the wheel. If the wheel were not secured snugly by...