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galvanized steel (low-carbon sheet steel)

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... by radiation and convection. The heaters were used only a few nights a year and where stored outdoors when not in use. To minimize cost and deterioration from atmospheric corrosion, the heater shells were made of galvanized low-carbon steel sheet about 0.5 mm (0.020 in.) thick. Investigation Visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... residual stress galvanized steel (low-carbon sheet steel) Introduction High-level liquid radioactive wastes (HLW) generated at Savannah River Site (SRS) are stored in large underground tanks made of low-carbon steel, schematically shown in Fig. 1 . The wastes consist primarily of concentrated...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Orchard heater of galvanized low-carbon steel that broke in a brittle manner because of an iron-zinc intermetallic compound along the grain boundaries. Dimensions given in inches. View A-A: micrograph of an etched section that shows the microstructure of the steel sheet. 400x More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... against galvanic corrosion by the higher alloys. They are, however, more noble than aluminum and its alloys in chloride solutions. However, in low-chloride waters, a reversal of potential can occur that causes iron or steel to become more active than aluminum. A similar reversal can occur between iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 8 ). Iron and Steel Iron and steel are fairly active alloys and require protection against galvanic corrosion by the higher alloys. They are, however, more noble than aluminum and its alloys in chloride solutions. However, in low-chloride waters, a reversal of potential can occur...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to not be excessive ( Fig. 8 ). Chemical Analysis/Identification Chemical analysis on specimens removed from the three bins indicated that the material in question was a nominal 0.2% carbon steel having an abnormally high nitrogen content (0.018 to 0.02%), a low aluminum content (0.005%), and a manganese...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... 6 at the austenitic grain boundaries. This method is the basis of some commercial alloys as, for example, the extra-low carbon stainless steels (types AISI 304L and AISI 316L). An appropriate heat-treatment at a temperature high enough to dissolve the carbides (usually from 1037 °C to 1150 °C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... in this application is not clear, although this is believed to be an exterior panel in which medium carbon steel would offer some level of protection over low carbon grades. New York Navy Yard correspondence, however, does not identify galvanized sheet steel, class 106, as being a medium carbon grade ( 10 ). Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... improves the resistance of a metal to SCC. For example, cold-drawn steel wire is more resistant to SCC than oil-tempered wire having equal mechanical properties. Also, cold reduction of low-carbon steel to 50% or less of its original thickness makes it relatively immune to cracking in boiling nitrate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fracture of the axle when a critical size was reached. Carbon or Alloy Steel and Zinc There are occasional anecdotal reports of steel components fracturing when immersed in a hot dip galvanizing bath. These failures are believed to be associated with high hardness and high residual stresses often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... images of dimple-rupture fractures. (a) Fracture of low-alloy medium-carbon steel bolt (SAE grade 5). Original magnification: 1750×. (b) Equiaxed tensile dimples originating around the graphite nodules of ASTM 60-45-10 ductile iron. Original magnification: 350×. (c) Parabolic shear dimples in cast Ti-6Al...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., leading to ultimate final fracture of the axle when a critical size was reached. Carbon or Alloy Steel and Zinc There are occasional anecdotal reports of steel components fracturing when immersed in a hot dip galvanizing bath. These failures are believed to be associated with high hardness and high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of 30 HRC and that the wheel nuts were made of carbon steel. Because all ten of the wheel studs fractured, it was throught that the wheel nuts were not tightened adequately and uniformly on the wheel. If the wheel were not secured snugly by the studs, a slight movement of the wheel relative...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of divorced cementite in the grain boundaries of low-carbon steel after cold working. Similar arguments can be used to predict initiation sites for various kinds of bending loading and torsion loading. For example, for a three-point loaded beam, cracking is expected to initiate at the location of maximum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... containing molybdenum, such as 4520 steel, and heat treated to a hardness of 30 HRC and that the wheel nuts were made of carbon steel. Because all ten of the wheel studs fractured, it was thought that the wheel nuts were not tightened adequately and uniformly on the wheel. If the wheel was not secured snugly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... There are no specific requirements for materials selection, and cost could be one of the main factors for materials selection. Carbon steel could be an adequate option. Carbon steel is used in a wide range of applications, including agriculture machinery, fasteners, automotive clutch plates, tools and dies, and low...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by cleavage in second-phase (silicon) particles and other second phases. Fig. 1 SEM images of dimple-rupture fractures. (a) Fracture of low-alloy medium-carbon steel bolt (SAE grade 5). 1750×. (b) Equiaxed tensile dimples originating around the graphite nodules of ASTM 60-45-10 ductile iron. 350×. (c...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-for-service assessment methodologies for calculating allowable or critical flaw sizes are also discussed. carbon steel fitness-for-service assessment low-alloy steel nondestructive examinations weld cracks welding JOINING is a key process of manufacturing of complex components and assemblies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... A gross error in material usage, such as using low-carbon instead of medium-carbon steel, can be determined quickly by microstructural inspection. In low-carbon steels, rimmed steels can be distinguished from killed steels (completely deoxidized) by their larger-grain rimmed zone at the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... x , and particulate emission. A wide range of materials is used in subcritical boilers, especially for boiler tubes. These include carbon steels; low-alloy steels such as T11, T22, and T24; high-alloy ferritic steels such as T91, T92, and HCM12; and austenitic stainless steels such as TP304...