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galvanized low-carbon steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract After only a short time in service, oil-fired orchard heaters made of galvanized low-carbon steel pipe, 0.5 mm (0.020 in.) in thickness, became sensitive to impact, particularly during handling and storage. Most failures occurred in an area of the heater shell that normally reached the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... particulate air filters. The failure analysis investigation concluded that nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking was the cause of the failure. vent pipe nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking welding defects galvanized low-carbon steel MnS inclusions ion-coupled plasma-emission spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract A steel galvanizing vat measuring 3 x 1.2 x 1.2 m (10 x 4 x 4 ft) and made of 19 mm thick carbon steel plate (ASTM A285, grade B)) at a shipbuilding and ship-repair facility failed after only three months of service. To verify suspected failure cause, two T joints were made in 12.5 mm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... and that the nuts were manufactured from low carbon steel. The paper discusses the influence of the microstructure on the failure process the events surrounding the nature of incident and the analysis of in-service failure of the failed components utilizing conventional metallurgical techniques...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... intergranular) Low strength and hardness of the failed bolts Low level of H 2 S concentration in the environment hence low partial pressure of H 2 S Resistance of austenitic steels to SSCC Fig. 8 Metallographic microstructure revealed the stress-corrosion cracking initiated from bolt threads...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... carbonation of the concrete and depassivation by chloride ions. The first portion of this paper presents information, using metallographic techniques, on the depassivation of reinforcing steel in the presence of Cl − ions. Although there are no reports of failures in primary elements of structural concrete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... encountered without appreciable cathodic corrosion ( Ref 8 ). Iron and steel are fairly active alloys and require protection against galvanic corrosion by the higher alloys. They are, however, more noble than aluminum and its alloys in chloride solutions. However, in low-chloride waters, a reversal of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in a process fluid or on the surface, then cost, availability, and ease of fabrication may be the dominant influence on the material of choice. An acceptable corrosion rate for a relatively low-cost material such as plain carbon steel is about 0.25 mm/year (10 mils/year) or less. At this rate and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... its presence in the waterwall tubes. Boiler tubes Boilers Chemical cleaning Steel boiler tube Galvanic corrosion Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Selected References • French D.N. , Failures of Boilers and Related Equipment , Failure Analysis and Prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... evaluation. A standard, such as carbon steel, may be used to verify the corrosiveness of the environment. Multiple samples of the same material should be tested to verify reproducibility. Sources for corrosion test methods are ASTM International, NACE, and internationally, ISO, EN, and JIS standards. Other...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... precipitation increases very fast 4 , 5 , 7 , 9 , 13 . So, the low-carbon stainless steels are preferred in the welded systems, subjected to strong corrosive media causing this type of corrosion as, for example, sea water, systems which cannot, for practical reasons, be subjected to heat-treatments. To...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... passive oxide film must be maintained by the presence of a dissolved oxidizer such as O 2 , FeCl 2 , or Fe 3+ ions. Proper material selection for piping, flanges, and weld rods can make the greatest improvement in resistance. Even low carbon steel has better resistance to pitting in stagnant seawater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... desired from the viewpoint of fatigue resistance. Austenitic stainless steels are well known to exhibit a low proportional limit, a characteristic that leads to the initiation and propagation of fatigue cracks. Other materials are superior to austenitic stainless steels from the viewpoint of fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... which medium carbon steel would offer some level of protection over low carbon grades. New York Navy Yard correspondence, however, does not identify galvanized sheet steel, class 106, as being a medium carbon grade ( 10 ). Fig. 9 Boat deck locker sample WB3, longitudinal galvanized section, 450...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... capacity ( Fig. 24 ). The collapse occurred at lunchtime when workers were either off-site or indoors, and there were no injuries. The silo was constructed from corrugated, galvanized steel sheet supported by galvanized carbon-steel stiffeners (~5 mm thick) that had been formed by bending them through 90...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... capacity, low bending stiffness, and high strength-to-weight ratio. Wire ropes are made from plain carbon steel with high carbon content, and patented to obtain a very fine pearlite structure (sorbite). The desired microstructure and mechanical properties are controlled and adjusted by carbon content of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... shot peening or other processes) are beneficial. Under some circumstances, severe uniform cold working improves the resistance of a metal to SCC. For example, cold-drawn steel wire is more resistant to SCC than oil-tempered wire having equal mechanical properties. Also, cold reduction of low-carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Cracking from hydride formation Table 1 Specific types of hydrogen damage Specific damage process/mechanism Most common in Comments Hydrogen embrittlement High-strength steels and heavily cold-worked low-carbon steels, ambient temperatures Needs sustained stress. Not relevant for...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... discussions during the course of the investigation and that of Mr. B. Khalko for their assistance in preparation of the manuscript. The cracked splice plate was essentially a rolled angle of size 127 mm × 127 mm × 12.7 mm conforming to ASTM A 572 grade 50 low carbon, high strength low alloy steel. The...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
..., but with a 10% reduction in mechanical strength from identically sized “bright” (non-plated) carbon steel rope, unless it is drawn after galvanizing. Austenitic stainless steel grades are available for more severe environments, but can also be substantially lower in strength than plain carbon steel...