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galvanic attack

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in the backfill revealed the site of failure. Analysis (visual inspection, electrical conductivity, and soil analysis) supported the conclusions that the failure had resulted from galvanic corrosion at a point where the corrosivity of the soil was substantially greater than the average, resulting in a voltage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to the gaskets to serve as a sealant. One actuator housing, several aluminum alloy spacers, and one used and one new vellum gasket were sent to the laboratory for examination. Fig. 1 Components for the mounting surface of a hydraulic actuator that failed in service because of galvanic attack...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 16 Galvanic attack at a water pipe joint involving dissimilar metals More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 16 Galvanic attack at a water pipe joint involving dissimilar metals More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0046505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of the contact area was by ductile (transgranular) fracture. Recommendations included changing the latch material from malleable iron to silicon bronze (C87300). The use of silicon bronze prevents corrosion or galvanic attack and proper adjustment of the latch maintains an adequate contact area. Control...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Components for the mounting surface of a hydraulic actuator that failed in service because of galvanic attack on the aluminum alloy spacer. The galvanic attack occurred on the aluminum alloy spacer (a) when a vellum gasket (b) that separated the spacer from a nickel-plated steel housing More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Sprinkler system in which a malleable iron deluge clapper latch failed from galvanic attack caused by contact with a copper alloy clapper in stagnant water. (a) Schematic illustration of sprinkler system showing deluge clapper latch that failed. (b) Photograph of clapper latch showing More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
is possible if a coated component is cut. When necessary, the cathodic component of a couple should be coated. (e) Ion transfer through a fluid can result in galvanic attack of less noble metals. In the example shown at left, copper ions from the copper heater coil could deposit on the aluminum stirrer More
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Published: 15 January 2021
. (d) Galvanic corrosion is possible if a coated component is cut. When necessary, the cathodic component of a couple should be coated. (e) Ion transfer through a fluid can result in galvanic attack of less noble metals. In the example shown at left, copper ions from the copper heater coil could More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... the interfaces between the weld seam and the base metal, uniform attack, and accelerated uniform attack. The localized attack, which occurred at levels periodically exposed to dilute nitric acid cleaning solutions, was caused by galvanic differences between the base metal and the dendritic weld metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... which initiated from a trough-shaped corrosion pit located at the inner wall of the spar shank cavity. The pitting was a result of galvanic attack caused by entry of moisture into the spar cavity. The moisture served as an electrolyte for galvanic corrosion between the lead wool ballast and the aluminum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article addresses the forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. It describes the mechanisms of corrosive attack for specific forms of corrosion such as galvanic corrosion, uniform...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are galvanic corrosion, uniform corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, selective leaching, and velocity-affected corrosion. In particular, mechanisms of corrosive attack for specific forms of corrosion, as well as evaluation and factors contributing to these forms, are described...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... along elongated ferrite bands, possibly because silicon was dissolved in the ferrite and thus made it more susceptible to attack by the molten zinc. Recommendations included rewelding the vat using the manual shielded metal arc process with at least four passes on each side. Hot dip galvanizing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... (10 to 100 mg/in. 2 ). During exposures to chloride solutions like seawater, the galvanic couples formed between these precipitates and the alloy matrix and led to severe intergranular attack. Reference Reference 1. “Standard Practice for Determining the Susceptibility to Intergranular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... However, the investigation (which included visual, macroscopic, metallographic, SEM, and chemical analysis) showed that austenitic stainless steel and a nickel-base alloy were used instead. The unspecified materials are more prone to corrosion, particularly galvanic corrosion, which proved...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... attacked electrolytically because the flow of current is limited by polarization. The effect was very pronounced when aluminum pieces were galvanic couples to the stainless in the laboratory tests. The aluminum pieces were given a commercial anodizing treatment by the chromic-acid process. Anodized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with a purge ventilation system designed to continuously remove hydrogen gas and vapors without letting radionuclides escape. Several intergranular cracks were discovered in the vent pipe of one such system. The pipe, made of galvanized steel sheet, connects to an exhaust fan downstream of high-efficiency...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... microscopy. The corrosion product contained molybdenum and copper with a trace of gold. The base material was analyzed as molybdenum with negligible alloying additions. The primary mode of corrosion attack on the base material appeared to be intergranular, although uniform corrosion was evident also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... way as it happens, at micro-level, between the grain boundaries and the grain. The macro-galvanic actions, due to the oxygen concentration cells, will promote, inevitably, some localized pits, where the attack rate will result strongly favoured by the high ratio between the cathodic and anodic...