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fusion welding

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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 27 Local attack at fusion welded joint More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract An aircraft fuel-nozzle-support assembly exhibited cracks along the periphery of a fusion weld that attached a support arm to a fairing in a joint that approximated a T-shape in cross section. The base metal was type 321 stainless steel. Examination showed a good-quality weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... a cosmetic weld pass on top of the initial full-penetration weld. There were no other known service failures of gears were welded by this method. One zone of the welded joint showed incomplete fusion, surrounded by two zones containing fatigue beach marks This indicated that the incomplete-fusion zone...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Inspection was performed for the MK#83 and MK#84 conical bomb fins. It was noted upon visual examination at the manufacturing plant that the chamfered butt welds (fusion weld) and the plug welds (resistance weld) showed substandard workmanship. The plug welds attach the outer skin to the inner spar, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... Crankshafts Fillet welds Stress relieving Welded steel Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture The following case illustrates very effectively the danger of attempting to reclaim highly stressed parts by the application of fusion welding. It concerns two Diesel engine crankshafts of similar...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Appearance of failed weld region, with incomplete fusion of consumable weld metal insert. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Grain Morphology of Fusion Zone Indicating Teardrop-Shaped Weld Pool (a) and Schematic of Moving Weld Pool (b) [ 2 ]. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Photomicrographs taken from the fusion zone of the weld from (A) and discolored test plate and (B) surface replica of the cylinder weldment. More
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 2 Optical micrographs showing weld profiles and extent of fusion More
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 5 Photomicrograph showing crack at toe of weld. Note voids along fusion zone and intergranular corrosion within base metal and weld metal. 15.75× More
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 7 Hard martensitic (acicular) transition at weld fusion line in sample B. 324×. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of arc welds. Mechanical and environmental failure origins related to other types of welding processes are also described. The article explains the cause and effects of process-related discontinuities including weld porosity, inclusions, incomplete fusion, and incomplete penetration. Different fitness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... band suggested that the weld had been made by the oxy-gas process. A lack of root fusion over most of its length was evident. Examination of the fracture faces, which were of crystalline appearance indicative of brittle behavior, indicated incomplete fusion of the weld root. Microscopic examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and not in the heat-affected zone of the forged steel shaft. Microscopic investigation and chemical analysis of the steel shaft revealed presence of martensite (offered a path of easy crack propagation) around the fusion line and dilution of the weld metal by the carbon steel shaft. The microstructure was found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... occurred at welds and consisted of large subsurface void formations with pinhole penetrations of the surfaces. Corrosive attack initiated in the heat affected zones of the welds, usually immediately adjacent to fusion lines. Stepwise grinding, polishing, and etching through the affected areas revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Abstract The genesis of failure of 6.1 mm thick electric resistance welded API 5L X-46 pipes during pretesting at a pressure equivalent to 90% of specified minimum yield strength was investigated. Cracks were found to initiate on the outer surface of the pipes in the fusion zone and propagate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... to one side of the spot weld, suggesting improper electrode contact. Visual examination of the weld fractures showed that the weld nuggets varied considerably in size, some being very small and three exhibiting an HAZ but no weld. Of 28 welds, only nine had acceptable nugget diameters and fusion-zone...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the main crack had propagated parallel to the fusion boundary along the subcritical HAZ and was associated with long stringers of type II manganese sulfide (MnS) inclusions. This supported the conclusion that the weld failed by lamellar tearing as a result of the high rotational strain induced at the root...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... for the exterior surface of the weld. A segmented backup ring with a gas channel was used inside the vessel to shield the weld root. The pressure vessel failed due to contamination of the fusion zone by oxygen, which resulted when the gas shielding the root face of the weld was diluted by air that leaked...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0047537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... standard vertical down stove pipe-welding procedures with E7010 cellulosic electrodes. The crack started partially as a result of incomplete fusion on the pipe side wall, which in turn was a result of misalignment of the two pipes. The crack was typical of hydrogen cracking. Girth welds can be made using...