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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... 10.1016/j.microrel.2013.10.005 30. Jiang T. et al. , Nanoindentation Characterization of Lead-Free Solders and Intermetallic Compounds under Thermal Aging , Int. Symp. Microelectron. , 2010 , p 000314 – 000318 10.4071/isom-2010-TP4-Paper5 31. Feng J. et al. , Growth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... also describes the general features of fatigue fractures in terms of crack initiation and fatigue crack propagation. brittle fracture crack initiation creep fracture deformation ductile fracture failure analysis fatigue crack growth fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractography...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigator role has expanded from providing accurate identification of life-limiting failure mechanisms and degradation phenomena to also providing the time for degradation or damage, and crack growth rate to be used in life assessment estimates. Thus, the failure investigator's input is essential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... size Fracture surface roughness Increase in surface roughness in direction of crack growth (may be affected in bending by compressive stressed region when crack moves into this region) Smooth region plus rough region in direction of growth—cyclic loading Rough matte fractures are ductile May...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.../j.ijfatigue.2013.04.026 19. Findley K.O. , Evans J.L. , and Saxena A. , A Critical Assessment of Fatigue Crack Nucleation and Growth Models for Ni-and Ni, Fe-Based Superalloys , Int. Mater. Rev. , Vol 56 ( No. 1 ), 2011 , p 49 – 71 10.1179/095066010X12777205875796 20...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Determining the Life-Limiting Mechanism Determining the Rate of Crack Growth or Time for Degradation Determining the Operation History Validation of Life Assessment Models Nondestructive inspection methodologies were and still are used for quality control of structures and components...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a description of the microscale models and mechanisms for deformation and fracture. Macroscale and microscale appearances of ductile and brittle fracture are discussed for various specimen geometries and loading conditions. The article reviews the general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on characterizing the fracture-surface appearance at the microscale and contains some discussion on both crack nucleation and propagation mechanisms that cause the fracture appearance. It begins with a discussion on microscale models and mechanisms...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... B.A. , Medical Device Failure Analysis , Materials for Medical Devices , Vol 23 , ASM Handbook , Narayan R.J. , Ed., ASM International , 2012 , p 343 – 359 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005657 • T. Service , Finite Element Modeling in Failure Analysis , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... types of loading: in-phase and out-of-phase cycling. The article illustrates the ways in which damage can interact at high and low temperatures and the development of microstructurally based models in parametric form. It presents a case study of the prediction of residual life in a turbine casing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... With the help of finite element modeling, they analyzed the material as well as the design and in-service application of the mold. They discovered that overconstraining the mold, while it was in service, caused excessive thermal stresses which accelerated crack initiation and propagation. Investigators also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... sliding phenomena described by the model and is also clear evidence of superplasticity. The role of precipitates is not limited to the formation of ultrafine microstructure during ATMCRP, but is also very important during high temperature tests as they prevent grain growth and maintain mechanical strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... indicated that the fracture originated near the blade-to-hub attachment in the area of the weld buildup. Specimens from four failed castings and from an impeller that had developed cracks prior to design modification were subjected to a complete analysis. A number of finite-element-method computer models...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , A new model for hydrogen-assisted cracking (hydrogen “embrittlement”) . Metall. Trans. 3 , 437–451 ( 1972 ) 10.1007/BF02642048 7. Pilkey W.D. , Peterson’s Stress Concentration Factors , 2nd edn. ( Wiley , New York , 1997 ) 10.1002/9780470172674 8. Talukdar P. , Sen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the maximum shear stress equals the shear stress in a tension specimen when it begins to yield. Another common failure model is the von Mises criterion, which is based on a determination of distortion energy at yield and recognizes that in a constant-volume isotropic material, hydrostatic stresses cannot...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... growth of crack, and the sudden fracture of the remaining cross section. The article discusses the effects of loading and stress distribution on fatigue cracks, and reviews the fatigue behavior of materials when subjected to different loading conditions such as bending and loading. The article examines...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The grooves of the sheave should have an adequate amount of clearance for the wire rope to prevent it from being distorted, and provide enough circumferential support for the free movement of the strands. Fig. 11 The finite element model of the wire rope and sheave Fig. 12 Two-step finite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and Investigating Sensitivity to Fatigue Flaw Growth Models , PVP2015-45609, Proceedings of the 2015 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference , July 19–23 , 2015 ( Boston , MA ) 10.1115/PVP2015-45609 40. Lee Y. , Barkey M.E. , and Kang H. , Metal Fatigue Analysis Handbook: Practical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., cracking also initiated at the weld on the right with the less severe toe angle. Fig. 35 Macroetched cross section through an uncracked portion. Notice the free edge shown on the left side. Abstract Abstract Welded connections are a common location for failures for many reasons...